EVS - European Values Study 1999 - Integrated Dataset

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • EVS
Publication Date
  • Zulehner, Paul M. (University of Vienna, Austria) (Researcher)
  • Rotman, David (Belarus State University, Belarus) (Researcher)
  • Titarenko, Larissa (Belarus State University, Belarus) (Researcher)
  • Billiet, Jaak (Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Dobbelaere, Karel (Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Bawin, Bernadette (University of Liège, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Kerkhofs, Jan (Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Fotev, Georgy (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria) (Researcher)
  • Marinov, Mario (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria) (Researcher)
  • Baloban, Josip (University of Zagreb, Croatia) (Researcher)
  • Rabusic, Ladislav (Masaryk University, Czech Republic) (Researcher)
  • Gundelach, Peter (University of Copenhagen, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Saar, Andrus (SAAR POLL, Estonia) (Researcher)
  • Pehkonen, Juhani (TNS Gallup Oy, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Tchernia, Jean-François (Tchernia Etudes Conseil, France) (Researcher)
  • Puranen, Bi (Theseus International Management Institute, France) (Researcher)
  • Jagodzinski, Wolfgang (University of Cologne, Germany) (Researcher)
  • Harding, Stephen (ISR Surveys, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Anheier, Helmut (London School of Economics and Political Science, Great Britain) (Researcher)
  • Gari, Aikaterini (University of Athens, Greece) (Researcher)
  • Georgas, James (University of Athens, Greece) (Researcher)
  • Mylonas, Kostas (University of Athens, Greece) (Researcher)
  • Tomka, Miklós (Hungarian Religious Research Centre, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Jónsson, Fridrik H. (University of Iceland, Iceland) (Researcher)
  • Olafsson, Stefan (University of Iceland, Iceland) (Researcher)
  • Fahey, Tony (The Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Sinnott, Richard (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Gubert, Renzo (University of Trento, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Zepa, Brigita (Baltic Institute of Social Sciences, Riga) (Researcher)
  • Alishauskiene, Rasa (Institute for Social Research, Lithuania) (Researcher)
  • Juknevicius, Stanislovas (Lithuanian Institute of Culture and Arts, Lithuania) (Researcher)
  • Estgen, Pol (SeSoPI Centre Intercommunautaire, Luxembourg) (Researcher)
  • Legrand, Michel (SeSoPI Centre Intercommunautaire, Luxembourg) (Researcher)
  • Abela, Anthony M. (University of Malta, Malta) (Researcher)
  • Arts, Wil A. (Tilburg University, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Hagenaars, Jacques A.P. (Tilburg University, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Halman, Loek (Tilburg University, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Luijkx, Ruud (Tilburg University, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Hayes, Bernadette C. (Queen´s University Belfast, Northern Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Jasinska-Kania, Aleksandra (University of Warsaw, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Konieczna, Joanna (University of Warsaw, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Marody, Mira (University of Warsaw, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Cabral, Manuel Villaverde (University of Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Ramos, Alice (University of Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Vala, Jorge (University of Lisbon, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Pop, Lucien (Romanian Academy, Romania) (Researcher)
  • Voicu, Malina (Romanian Academy, Romania) (Researcher)
  • Zamfir, Catalin (Romanian Academy, Romania) (Researcher)
  • Bashkirova, Elena (Bashkirova & Partners, Russian Federation) (Researcher)
  • Kusá, Zuzana (Slovak Academy of Sciences, Slovak Republic) (Researcher)
  • Malnar, Brina (University of Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (University of Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Elzo, Javier (University of Deusto, Spain) (Researcher)
  • Orizo, Francisco Andrés (DATA S.A., Spain) (Researcher)
  • Pettersson, Thorleif (Uppsala University, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Esmer, Yilmaz (Bogazici University, Turkey) (Researcher)
  • Balakireva, Olga (Ukrainian Institute for Social Research, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Fessel - GfK Austria (Data Collector)
  • Nationaal instituut voor dataverzameling/Dimarso, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • Institute of Sociology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Data Collector)
  • The Centre of Political and Sociological Researches of BelarusState University (Data Collector)
  • SC&C Ltd., Statistical Consultations and Computing, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • INFAS, Bonn, Germany (Data Collector)
  • SFI, The Danish national institute of social research (Data Collector)
  • Saar Poll, Ltd. Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Data SA, Madrid (Data Collector)
  • Suomen Gallup Oy, Helsinki (Data Collector)
  • Research International, France (Data Collector)
  • Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, The University ofAthens (Data Collector)
  • Market Research Agency ´Target´, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Szonda-Ipsos Média-, Vélemény - és Piackutató Intézet, Budapest (Data Collector)
  • The Institute of Social Research at the University of Iceland (Data Collector)
  • The Survey Unit, The Economic and Social Research Institute, Dublin (Data Collector)
  • Centro Ricerche Sociali di Moncomo G. e C. SaS, Milan (Data Collector)
  • Baltic Surveys Ltd., Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • ILRES Market Research, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • Latvia Social Research Centre, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • MISCO International, Malta (Data Collector)
  • Research and Evaluation Services, Belfast, Northern Ireland (Data Collector)
  • Survey data, Tilburg, The Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • CBOS - Public Opinion Research Center, Poland (Data Collector)
  • Euroteste - Marketing E Opinião, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • The Research Institute for the Quality of Life, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • ROMIR, Moscow, Russia (Data Collector)
  • ARS - research AB, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research Center, Faculty ofSocial Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • Agentúra MVK, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • Social Monitoring Centre (NGO) and Ukrainian Institute for SocialResearch, Ukraine (Data Collector)
  • Quality Fieldwork & Research Services, Great Britain (Data Collector)
  • Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • Birim Arastirma, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
    • Religion and "Weltanschauung"
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Religion and values
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Family life and marriage
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    The online overview offers comprehensive metadata on the EVS datasets and variables. The variable overview of the four EVS waves 1981, 1990, 1999/2000, and 2008 allows for identifying country specific deviations in the question wording within and across the EVS waves. This overview can be found at: Online Variable Overview. Moral, religious, societal, political, work, and family values of Europeans. Topics: The question program is divided in three parts: besides a common question program for all countries there is a voluntary supplement program and further country-specific questions. 1. Common question program: leisure time: importance of areas of life; feeling of happiness; memberships and honorary activities in clubs, parties, organizations, citizens´ initiatives and occupation organizations; interactions in leisure time; tolerance regarding minorities, those of other beliefs and foreigners; interhuman trust; self-effectiveness (scale); general contentment with life (scale). working world: importance of selected characteristics of occupational work (scale); personal employment; general work satisfaction (scale); self-determination at work (scale); work ethic (scale); attitude to achievement-based pay and following work instructions without criticism; priority of nationals over foreigners as well as men over women with shortage of jobs; assumed priority of individual or social reasons for the situation of economic need of individuals; freedom of the unemployed to reject a job offer (scale). politics: party preference; attitude to foreign workers in one´s country; fear of the future; assimilation and integration of immigrants; concept of a just society (more welfare state or liberalism, scale); interest in political news in the media; individualism and thinking of the community; interest in politics; political participation; self-assessment on a left-right continuum (scale); self-responsibility or governmental provision (scale); attitude to competition freedom and entrepreneur freedom (scale); satisfaction with democracy; attitude to the current political system of the country and judgement on the political system of the country ten years ago (scale); preference for a democratic political system or for strong leadership of an individual politician (scale); attitude to democracy (scale); loss of national characteristics through unification of Europe. religion: individual or general standard for good and evil; current and possibly earlier religious denomination; current frequency of church attendance and at the age of 12; importance of religious celebration at birth, marriage and funeral; self-assessment of religiousness; ability of the religious community in moral questions, with problems in family life, with spiritual needs and current social problems of the country; belief in God, life after death, hell, heaven, sin, telepathy and reincarnation; belief in God or nihilism (scale); importance of God in one´s life (scale); comfort and strength through belief; prayer and Meditation; frequency of prayer; possession and belief in lucky charms or talisman (scale); reading and observing horoscopes; attitude to separation of church (religion) and state (scale). family and marriage: most important criteria for a successful marriage (scale); attitude to marriage and traditional family structure (scale); attitude to one´s own children (scale); attitude to traditional understanding of one´s role of man and woman in occupation and family (scale); attitude to a traditional or liberal parent-child relation; importance of educational goals; attitude to abortion. society: preference for individual freedom or social equality; postmaterialism (scale); preferred social development (scale); attitude to technical progress; trust in institutions; observing individual human rights in the country; attitude to environmental protection (scale); closeness to family, neighborhood, the people in the region, countrymen, Europeans and humanity; closeness to older people, the unemployed, foreigners and handicapped as well as readiness to make an effort for these groups; personal reasons for assistance with older people as well as foreigners; identification with the city, region, the nation, Europe and the world; national pride. morals and sexuality: moral attitudes (tax evasion, theft, use of drugs, lying, bribe money, corruption, euthanasia, suicide, environmental pollution, alcohol at the wheel; scale); moral attitudes to partnership and sexuality (homosexuality, abortion, divorce, promiscuity; scale); assumed spreading of immoral behavior in the population of the country (scale); attitude to punishment dependent on the situation of culprit or victim (scale). Demography: sex; year of birth; marital status and living together with a partner; number of children; school education; age at termination of school training; employment; superior function and span of control; company size; occupation (ISCO88) and occupational position; length of unemployment; size of household; ages of children in household; head of household; characteristics of head of household; household income. Also encoded was: city size; region; country. 2. In some countries the following additional questions were posed: attitude to privatization of national companies (scale); readiness to go to war for one´s country; attitude to equal income or income based on achievement (scale); preference for individual or government provision for pensions as well as for housing (scale); attitude to fundamental or only cautious changes in one´s own life; attitude to revolutionary change of society; judgement on the solvability of environmental problems, crime and unemployment at national level; job security; thoughts about the meaning of life; belief in angels and supernatural powers; attitude to conducting religious practices in school; attitude to dealing with different religious traditions; attitude to prohibiting books and films hostile to religion; assessment of the influence of the churches on politics in the country; moral concepts about traveling without a ticket, political murder, embryo research, gene manipulation, prostitution, pedophilia (scale); trust in countrymen. Interviewer rating: social class of respondent; willingness of respondent to cooperate. Also encoded: date of interview; length of interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1999-03-23 / 1999-04-10
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-11-30
    Great Britain
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-08-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-04-30
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-08-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-06-30
  • 1999-04-01 / 1999-11-30
  • 1999-11-15 / 2000-02-13
  • 1999-09-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-11-30
    Northern Ireland
  • 1999-10-01 / 2000-02-28
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-03-31
  • 1999-11-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-02-01 / 1999-03-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
    Czech Republic
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-07-31
  • 1999-11-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-07-31
  • 1999-06-01 / 1999-07-31
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-04-30
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-06-30
  • 1999-04-01 / 1999-06-30
    Russian Federation
  • 1999-03-01 / 1999-05-31
  • 1999-07-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-10-01 / 1999-10-31
  • 1999-12-01 / 1999-12-31
  • 2000-03-01 / 2000-04-30
  • 2001-09-01 / 2001-10-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Ukraine (UA)
  • Portugal (PT)
Sampled Universe
The adult population of the country 18 years old and older.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Representative multi-stage random sample Representative multi-stage random sample of the adult population of the country 18 years old and older. They were supposed to have sufficient command of one of the respective national language(s) to answer the questionnaire. With the exception of Greece, in all countries surveys were carried out by experienced professional survey organizations. The slightly different sampling procedures in each country are described in detail in the source book of Loek Halman, The European Values Study: A Third Wave. Source book of the 1999/2000 European Values Study Surveys. Tilburg: EVS, WORC, Tilburg University 2001. Retrieved from EVS website/Surveys/Survey 1999: http://www.europeanvaluesstudy.eu/.
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interviews with standardized questionnaire. In Iceland about a quarter of the respondents were interviewed by telephone. These were respondents in remote areas of the country.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 41125
    Number of Variables: 513
In Iceland about a quarter of the respondents were interviewed by telephone. These were respondents in remote areas of the country. The Greek data don’t reflect the composition of the entire Greek population, measured in terms of the distribution of the demographic variables. The slightly different sampling procedures in each country are described in detail in the source book of L. Halman mentioned below.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA3811 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Has metadata
    DOI: 10.4232/2.3811.54498
    XSD: http://www.ddialliance.org/Specification/DDI-Codebook/2.5/XMLSchema/codebook.xsd
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.3811
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11307
  • The European Values Study: A Third Wave. Source book of the 1999/2000 European Values Study Surveys. Halman, Loek, Tilburg: EVS, WORC, Tilburg University 2001. See EVS webpage: here
  • Atlas of European Values: Trends and Traditions at the turn of the Century. Loek Halman, Inge Sieben, and Marga van Zundert, Tilburg University. Leiden, Tilburg: Brill 2012. See EVS webpage: here
  • The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available. The EVS Bibliography can be found here.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 249 | Registration Date: 2011-12-22