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Eurobarometer 83.4: Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Discrimination of Minority Groups, May-June 2015

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • European Commission
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Eurobarometer Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
agriculture; climate change; cultural perceptions; economic conditions; education costs; energy; energy supplies; environmental attitudes; environmental protection; European Union; food supply; health care; housing; innovation; life satisfaction; medical care; pensions; personal finances; poverty programs; public administration; public opinion; quality of life; research; responsibility; science; social problems; taxes; technology; transport infrastructure; transportation; trust (psychology); unemployment benefits
  • Abstract

    The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard modules address attitudes towards European unification, institutions and policies, measurements for general socio-political orientations, as well as respondent and household demographics. The special topic modules address such topics as agriculture, education, natural environment and resources, public health, public safety and crime, and science and technology. This round of Eurobarometer surveys includes the standard modules and covers the following special topics: (1) Climate Change, (2) Biodiversity, (3) and Discrimination of Minority Groups. Respondent's opinions were collected on which world issues they believed were the most serious problems, how serious the issue of climate change was and if the EU should be responsible for addressing it, and what actions the have personally taken to fight climate change. Additional questions were asked regarding biodiversity and the dangers presented problems such as the decline of natural habitats and animal and plant species, and how these issues should be addressed by various groups. Respondents were also queried about their knowledge of Natura 2000 and other nature protection networks. Lastly, respondents were questioned regarding their experiences of and attitudes toward discrimination. Demographic and other background information collected includes age, gender, nationality, marital status and parental relations, occupation, age when stopped full-time education, left-right political self-placement, household composition, ownership of a fixed or mobile telephone and other goods, difficulties in paying bills, level in society, and Internet use. In addition, country-specific data includes type and size of locality, region of residence, and language of interview (select countries). Pre-archive/1st release version.
  • Methods

    For each country, a comparison between the sample and the universe was carried out. The universe description was derived from Eurostat population data or from national statistics offices. For all countries surveyed, a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, was carried out based on this universe description. In all countries, gender, age, region, and size of locality were introduced in the iteration procedure. For international weighting, TNS Opinion and Social applies the official population figures as provided by EUROSTAT or national statistic offices. Please refer to the ICPSR Codebook for additional weighting information.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 2015-05-30 / 2015-06-08
    Time period: 2015-05-30--2015-06-08
  • 2015-05-30 / 2015-06-08
    Collection date: 2015-05-30--2015-06-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • European Union
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Northern Ireland
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
Sampled Universe
Citizens of 28 European countries aged 15 and older. Smallest Geographic Unit: Region, Country
The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with the probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density. In order to do so, the sampling points were drawn systematically from each of the "administrative regional units", after stratification by individual unit and type of area. They thus represent the whole territory of the countries surveyed according to the EUROSTAT NUTS II (or equivalent) and according to the distribution of the resident population of the respective nationalities in terms of metropolitan, urban and rural areas. In each of the selected sampling points, a starting address was drawn, at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). All interviews were conducted face-to-face in the people's homes and in the appropriate national language. CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available. Please refer to the Technical Specifications section within the ICPSR Codebook for additional sampling information.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview

    The original data collection was carried out by TNS Opinion and Social on request of the European Commission between May 30 - June 8, 2015.

    Question module QA largely replicates the corresponding module surveyed in the context of Eurobarometer 80.2 (ZA5877), the Eurobarometer 75.4 (ICPSR 34556) "Climate Change" module, and partly replicates questions asked on this topic in the context of Eurobarometer 72.1 (ICPSR 28185) and former surveys. Question module QB on "Biodiversity" largely replicates questions asked in Flash Eurobarometer 379 (ZA5853) as well as selected questions asked in former Flash surveys on the same topic (ZA5223 and ZA4735). Question module QC on "Discrimination" partly replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 77.4 (ICPSR 34556).

    Access to GESIS data and documentation, including the GESIS DOI, for Eurobarometer 83.4 can be found through the GESIS Data Catalogue. Additional information on the Eurobarometer Survey Series and the Eurobarometer data can be found at the GESIS Eurobarometer Web site and ZACAT, respectively.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36403 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36403.v1

Update Metadata: 2016-06-22 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2016-06-22

European Commission (2016): Eurobarometer 83.4: Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Discrimination of Minority Groups, May-June 2015. Archival Version. Eurobarometer Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.