Consolidation of Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe 1990-2001: Cumulation PCP I und II

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • European Commission, Brussels
Publication Date
  • Rotman, David (Belarus Sociological Service "Public Opinion", Minsk, Weißrussland) (Researcher)
  • Raychev, Andrei (BBSS Gallup International, Sofia, Bulgarien) (Researcher)
  • Stoychev, Kancho (BBSS Gallup International, Sofia, Bulgarien) (Researcher)
  • Hartl, Jan (Institute of Sociology, Prag) (Researcher)
  • Misovic, Ján (IVVM - Public Institute for Public Opinion Research, Prag, CSSR) (Researcher)
  • Mansfeldová, Zdenka (Institute of Sociology, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Prag, Tschechien) (Researcher)
  • Saar, Aandrus (Saar Poll Ltd., Tallinn, Estland) (Researcher)
  • Fuchs, Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Deutschland) (Researcher)
  • Klingemann, Hans-Dieter (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Deutschland) (Researcher)
  • Roller, Edeltraud (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Deutschland) (Researcher)
  • Weßels, Bernhard (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Deutschland) (Researcher)
  • Bruszt, Laszlo (Institute of Political Science, Central European University, Budapest) (Researcher)
  • Simon, János (Institute for Political Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Ungarn) (Researcher)
  • Koroleva, Ilze (Foundation for Advancement of Sociological Studies (FASS), Riga, Lettland) (Researcher)
  • Staneika, E.-K. (Lithuanian Center of National Research Vilnius, Litauen) (Researcher)
  • Sviklas, E. (Lithuanian Center of National Research Vilnius, Litauen) (Researcher)
  • Alisauskiene, Rasa (Baltic Surveys - Gallup, Vilnius, Litauen) (Researcher)
  • Markowski, Radosław (Institute of Political Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warschau, Polen) (Researcher)
  • Siemienska-Zochowska, Renata (Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Warschau, Polen) (Researcher)
  • Zagórski, Krzysztof (CBOS (Public Opinion Research Center), Warschau, Polen) (Researcher)
  • Campeanu, Pavel (Central Independent de Studii Social si Sondaje, Bukarest, Rumänien) (Researcher)
  • Marginean, Ioan (Institute for the Quality of Life, Bukarest, Rumänien) (Researcher)
  • Nemirovsky, Valentin (Social Research Center, Krasnoyarsk State University, Russland) (Researcher)
  • Levada, Yuri (VCIOM (The Russian Centre for Public Opinion and Market Research), Moskau, Russland) (Researcher)
  • Gudkov, Lev (VCIOM (The Russian Centre for Public Opinion and Market Research), Moskau, Russland) (Researcher)
  • Gyáfársová, Olga (Institute for Public Affairs, Bratislava, Slowakei) (Researcher)
  • Tos, Niko (Faculty of Social Sciences, Public Opinion Research Centre, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slowenien) (Researcher)
  • Burov, I. (SOCIS - Ukraine Gallup International, Kiev, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Churilov, Nicolay (SOCIS - Ukraine Gallup International, Kiev, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Balakireva, Olga N. (Ukrainian Institute for Social Research, Kiev, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Golovaha, Yevgeny (Institute of Sociology, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiew, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Pakhomov, J. N. (Institute of Sociology, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiew, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Panina, Natalija (Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiew, Ukraine) (Researcher)
  • Belarus Sociological Service "Public Opinion", Minsk, Belarus (Data Collector)
  • BBSS Gallup International, Sofia (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • IVVM Institute for Public Opinion Research, Prague, CzechoslovakiaInstitute of Sociology, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Prague,Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • Saar Poll Ltd., Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Infratest dimap Berlin, Germany (Data Collector)
  • L. Bruszt, Institute of Political Science, Central EuropeanUniversity, Budapest, and J. Simon, Institute for PoliticalScience of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, HungaryInstitute for Political Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Buda (Data Collector)
  • Foundation for Advancement of Sociological Studies (FASS), Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • E. Staneika and E.-K. Sviklas, Lithuanian Center of NationalResearch, Vilnius, LithuaniaBaltic Surveys - Gallup, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • R. Siemienska-Zochowska, Institute of Sociology, University of Warsaw,PolandCBOS - Public Opinion Research Center, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • Institute for the Quality of Life, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • V. Nemirovsky, Social Research Center, Krasnoyarsk State University,RussiaVCIOM - The Russian Centre for Public Opinion and Market Research, Moscow,Russia (Data Collector)
  • Institute for Public Affairs, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • CJMMK - Center of Public Opinion and Mass Communication Research at the Facultyof Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • SOCIS - Ukraine Gallup International, Kiev, Ukraine (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Political ideology
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Current state of the democratic consolidation in the newly implemented democracies. Topics: Political activities: discussions, convince friends, work in community, political meeting, contact politicians, work for party; meaning of democracy; democracy best form of government; democracy in (country) best; respect for individual human rights; importance of freedom and equality; Left-Right self placement; meaning of "Left" and "Right; membership in organisations and political parties; satisfaction with democracy; tolerance against: minority opinion, extremist demonstrations, free speech, too much freedom, critics on the way of life, right to own opinion, foreign critics; free market economy: right/wrong for country; satisfaction with free market; economic situation during present government, next year and compared to the socialist/communist regime; country´s economic situation during present government, next year and compared to the socialist/communist regime; conditions of workers, peasants, middle class, entrepreneurs during present government and compared to the socialist/communist regime; corruption during present government; public safety during present government, next year and compared to the socialist/communist regime; income differences right/wrong; one´s own financial situation compared to that of parents and neighbours; speed of change; satisfaction with present government and with the socialist/communist regime; communism good idea; better performance in: education, economy, poverty, black market, inflation, unemployment, public security, participation, corruption, public health, representation of interests, crime; pride in citizenship; pride to live in country; citizenship; women care of house; accept homosexuals; abortion; trust in institutions; medical care: self/governmental; income limits; government protects citizens; ecology vs. economy; conflicts: rich/poor, law-abiding/-breaker, speak language/not; (in Germany: conflicts between East/West), left/right, young/old, church moral/not, nationalists/others; police force against demonstrators; sentence against protestors, law against demonstrators, troops against strikes; big interests vs. all the people; trust in government; election best way to choose government; need for parliament; vote in last parliamentary election; vote intention; government responsible for providing job, health care, living standard for old and unemployed people, reduce income differences; governmental priorities; actions against bad governmental and local decisions; living conditions in western country; democracy in country: needs western development, never consolidated, same as in western countries, consolidation difficult process, notyet accomplished; Russia: country has own, difficult way; democracy problem will be solved; national political situation; change in political situation; state of democracy; parties: need of parties, no difference between parties, provide participation, for leaders´ interests; development since the end of the socialist/communist regime; characteristics of capitalist and socialist economy: strike, freedom, inequality, technical progress, wealth, selfishness, power, profit, justice, scarcity, humane, progress, planning, efficacy, repress, corruption; capitalist economy best; capitalist economy solves problems; management of industrial enterprises; close to party; political protest; one-person vs. multi-person system; interest in government; politicians against peoples´ interference; everybody can have say; better not get involved in politics; no trust in politicians; politicians seek views of people; people excl from power; make fortune get in politics; politicians only interested when trouble; participation is duty; satisfaction with changes: workers, engineers, artists, scientists, clerks, peasants, miners, entrepreneurs, politicians, army officers, policemen, leaders communist party; country where the living is better, better equality, people greater influence; importance in life: everybody voice in public matters, work for all, equality, everybody well-off, no arbitrary will, no big income differences, no state interference, live without worries, rest/entertain, free organisations, free speech, learn/access to culture; partner work outside; partner work full-/part-time; religion at birth; degree of religiosity; main language; in Russia: nationality; since when in neighbourhood; relations with neighbours; paid for work; reasons for not being paid; work full-/part-time; monthly income compared to average; percent of savings; one´s own social class and that of the parents; entrepreneur in family; family produce agricultural goods; easy replacement for job; work overtime/extra work; income of extra work; region; Germany: size of household and persons over 18 years, East-West socialization; weighting.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-06 / 2001-09
    First Wave: June 1990 to November 1992 Second Wave: February 1998 to September 2001 Belarus: September to October 1998 Bulgaria: 1999 Czech Republic: February 2001 Estonia: November to December 2001 East Germany: October to November 2000 West Germany: October to November 2000 Hungary: May 1999 Latvia: September 1998 Lithuania: September 2001 Poland: March 2000 Romania: March to May 1998 Russia: February to March 1998 Slovakia: February 2001 Slovenia: May to September 1999 Ukraine: November to December 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czechoslovakia, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (CSHH)
    Czech and Slovak Republic
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Germany (DE)
    East Germany
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Russian Federation (RU)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Ukraine (UA)
  • Belarus (BY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
    West Germany
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • First wave: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia (Czech and Slovak Republic);Estonia, East Germany, Hungary, Russia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Ukraine.
  • Second wave: Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, East Germany, West Germany, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine.
Sampled Universe
First Wave: The adult residents aged 18 and older living in permanent residence. Second Wave: The population 18+ years of age.
Sampling Procedure Comment: First wave: Czechoslovakia: Quota sampling (age, education and economic status) Slovenia: Three stage systematic sample with random start. Second wave: Representative sample
Collection Mode
  • Personal Interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 28926
    Number of Variables: 670
The 28926 cases of the data set are distributed among the individual countries and years as follows: Belarus: 1000 (2. wave) Bulgaria: 1074 (1. wave); 1021 (2. wave) Czech Republic: 1003(1. wave); 1004 (2. wave) Estonia: 943 (1.wave); 1000 (2.wave) East Germany: 1087 (1. wave); 1013 (2. wave) West Germany: 1022 (2. wave) Hungary: 1277 (1. wave); 1086 (2. wave) Latvia: 1099 (2. wave) Lithuania: 918 (1. wave); 1005 (2. wave) Poland: 919 (1. wave); 1369 (2. wave) Romania: 1234 (1. wave); 1208 (2. wave) Krasnojarsk 1485 (1. wave) Russia: 1500 (2. wave) Slovakia: 1033 (2. wave) Slovenia: 686 (1.wave); 1001 (2. wave) Ukraine: 1739 (1.wave); 1200 (2. wave) The Slovenian data set of the first wave is archived in the ADP at the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia (ADP-No.: 5JM911). The German data set of the first wave is archived at ZA (ZA3219). Election studies of the project ´Founding Elections in Eastern Europe´ (H.-D. Klingemann, Science Center Berlin -WZB-; supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation) are archived under ZA-Nos.: ZA2465-ZA2469,ZA2485-ZA2488, ZA2560-ZA2562, ZA2811-ZA2819, ZA2901-ZA2912, ZA3053-ZA3057, ZA3175-ZA3176 and ZA3631- ZA3633. Further election studies from Eastern Europe are archived under ZA-Nos.: ZA3123-ZA3126, ZA3215-ZA3218, ZA3527-ZA3530, ZA3631-ZA3633, ZA3888-ZA3893.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4054 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 244 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22