European Parliament Election Study 2014, Euromanifesto Study

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Universität Mannheim, Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES))
  • Braun, Daniela (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
  • Popa, Sebastian A. (Universität Mannheim, Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES))
  • Mikhaylov, Slava (University College London)
  • Dwinger, Felix (Universität Mannheim, Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung (MZES))
Publication Date
  • Austria: Alice Ludvig, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria (Data Collector)
  • Bulgaria: Tanyo Emilov Vasilev (Data Collector)
  • Belgium: Clément Museur, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium, Steven Van Hauwaert, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • Croatia: Dario Nikic Cakar, Zagreb University, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Cyprus: Vasileia Andreadaki (Data Collector)
  • Czech Republic: Ivan Petrúšek,Charles University of Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • Denmark: Erik Gahner Larsen, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • Estonia: Kats Kivistik, Tartu Institute of Baltic Studies, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Europe: Angeles Navarro Rueda, SciencesPo Paris, France (Data Collector)
  • Poland: Mikołaj Cześnik, Warsaw University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland (Data Collector)
  • Finland:Saara Marika Hämäläinen, European University Institute, Italy (Data Collector)
  • France: Charlotte Dolez, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • Germany: Anna Starkmann, Heidelberg University, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Greece: Anastasios Varellas, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece (Data Collector)
  • Hungary: István Gergő Székely, Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Ireland: James Fitzgerald, Dublin City University, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • Italy: Nicolò Conti, Unitelma Sapienza University, Italy (Data Collector)
  • Luxembourg: Florent Marciacq, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • Latvia: Lelde Arnicāne, University of Tartu, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Lithuania: Ligita Sarkute, Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • Malta: Nicole Tabone, University of Glasgow, Scotland (Data Collector)
  • Netherlands: Sebastianus Bruinsma, Scuola Normale Superiore, Italy (Data Collector)
  • Portugal: Inês Carneiro (Data Collector)
  • Romania: István Gergő Székely, Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Sofia Axelsson, Gothenburg University, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • Slovakia: Ivan Petrúšek. Charles University of Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • Slovenia:Ivana Grgić (Data Collector)
  • Spain: Rosa Navarrete, University of Mannheim, Germany (Data Collector)
  • United Kingdom: John-Paul Salter, University College London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    Coded version of election programs. Manifestos issued ahead of the European elections 2014. Euromanifestos coded by 30 coders from all member states of the European Union using a hierarchical classification scheme containing nine domains subdivided into different categories and subcategories: Domain 1: External relations Foreign Special Relationships: FSR general, FSR to Eastern European countries of the EU; FSR to Eastern European countries not in the EU (except Ukraine); FSR to Russia, to USA, to Ukraine, to Syria; anti-imperialism; military: military general, Ukraine, Syria; peace: peace general, peace Ukraine, Syria; internationalism; Europe, European Community/Union: Europe, European Community/Union: general; financing the EC/EU; EU Exit. Domain 2: Freedom and democracy Freedom and human rights: freedom, human rights, human rights: refugees; democracy; constitutionalism. Domain 3: Political system (in general) Decentralization: cecentralization: general; transfer of power to the EC/EU; Executive and Administrative Efficiency: political corruption and political authority. Domain 4: Political system of the European Union Competences of the European Parliament; competences of the European Commission; competences of the European Council/Council of Ministers: competences of the European Council/Council of Ministers: general; voting procedures in the (European) Council; competences of the European Court of Justice; competences of other EC/EU institutions: competences of other EC/EU institutions: general; mentions of the European Central Bank; EC/EU enlargement: EC/EU enlargement: general; membership in the EU of East European countries currently not in the EU; membership in the EU of Balkan countries currently not in the EU; membership of Turkey in the EU; complexity of the EC/EU political system; Spitzenkandidaten: Spitzenkandidaten: Ggeneral and specific. Domain 5: Economic Structure Free enterprise: free enterprise: general; property restitution; controlled Economy: controlled economy: general; social ownership; mixed economy; publicly-owned industry; socialist property; economic planning: economic planning: general; EC/EU structural fund; nationalization: nationalization: general; privatisation; corporatism; market regulation; Marxist analysis. Domain 6: Economic Policies and Goals Incentives; Keynesian demand management; productivity; technology and infrastructure; protectionism; anti-growth economy; economic orthodoxy; economic goals: economic goals: general; creating jobs; labour immigration: EU citizens; single market; European Monetary Union/ European currency; European Monetary Union/ European currency-transnational solidarity; labour immigration: non-EU citizens; labour immigration: unspecified; labour emigration; energy policies. Domain 7: Welfare and Quality of Life Environmental protection: environmental protection: general; environmental protection: global warming; environmental protection: animal rights; culture; social justice; welfare state (WS); welfare state: general, pensions, health care and nursing service, social housing, child care, job programs; education. Domain 8: Fabric of Society Multiculturalism; traditional morality; law and order: law and order: general; fight against terrorism; social harmony; national way of life: national way of life: general; immigration (EU citizens); EU integration; Cyprus issue (for Cyprus only); immigration (beyond EU); immigration (unspecified). Domain 9: Social Groups Labour groups; agriculture and farmers; middle class and professional groups; underprivileged minority groups (UMG): UMG: general, handicapped, homosexuals, immigrants and foreigners (EU citizens) in the Manifesto Country, ethnic minorities/people of the Manifesto country living abroad, immigrants and foreigners (beyond EU) in the Manifesto country, immigrants and foreigners (unspecified) in the Manifesto country; non-economic demographic groups (NEDG): general, women, old people, young people, linguistic groups. Additionally coded was: country; region (variable distinguishes parties from Belgium and Great Britain with respect to their respective regional backgrounds); country code plus election year; EES party code, MARPOR party code, Chapel Hill party code; year of country´s first elections to the European Parliament; year of country´s first admitance to the European Parliament; election year; party initials; party name; information on changes in party names; party family; party familiy according to MARPOR; party family at origin (Euromanifesto Projekt); percentage of EEP votes at national level; number of seats in the European Parliament; overall number of seats in the European Parliament by country; affiliation to a political group at European level (European party); type of manifesto coded; percentage of votes in the last national parliamentary elections; number of seats in the national parliament; member party of the national government at time of the EP election; National Prime Minister is member of this party.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
Sampled Universe
Party programs/manifestos of relevant parties in the EU published ahead of the election to the European Parliament
Sampling Procedure Comment: Total universe/Complete Enumeration
Collection Mode
  • Content Analysis of 199 Party Manifestos for the 2014 EP Elections from 28 Countries and the European Groups
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 764
This project has received funding from the European Union´s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme No 649281 — EUENGAGE — H202 EURO-2014-2015 H2020-EURO-SOCITY-2014
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5162 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 17 | Registration Date: 2016-07-28