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Eurobarometer 79.2 (2013)

Resource Type
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Internal market, cultural activities, non-urban road use, science and technology, and undeclared work and tax fraud (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´) (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Österreichisches GALLUP-Institut, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • Puls, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Public Revenue
    • Patterns of Consumption
    • Society, Culture
    • University, Research, the Sciences
    • Technology, Energy
    • Leisure
  • Abstract

    The single market: cross-border online shopping, cross-border work and job requirements, financial crisis and banking sector. Cultural activities and participation. Road use and road user charges and tolls. Science and technology. Unreported employment and tax fraud. Topics: 1. Cross-border online shopping: frequency of internet purchases last year from vendors based in the own country, another EU Member country or outside the EU; problems with online purchases; reasons for not making internet purchases; preferences for improved delivery process for greater willingness to purchase at online shops; assessment of the trustworthiness of online shops through exclusive use of well-known brands from online stores, web pages with label or by buyer reviews; change in purchase intention due to a lack of trust in online shops and reasons for lacking trust; problems when purchasing goods or services from shops based in another EU Member country; purchased products or services in the last year; hardware used for online shopping. 2. Cross-border work and job requirements: current or previous residence in another EU Member State for professional reasons for at least 6 months; intention to move to another EU Member country for professional reasons; personal motives for or against working in another EU Member State; importance of reputation, country of qualification acquisition, fees or experience for the assessment of the qualifications of different professions (medical personnel (e.g., physician, nurse), hairdresser, freelancers (e.g. architect, lawyer) and craftsmen; justification of legal qualification requirements and professional regulations for selected occupational groups (hairdresser, legal profession and accounting, real estate, design and construction professions) 3. Financial crisis and the banking sector: self-assessment of the information about the causes of the financial crisis; impact of the financial crisis on trust into the own bank, the financial services industry, the national government, european institutions, and rating agencies; attitudes towards restrictions for banks to invests deposits; preferred measures for such a bank restriction; proposed transfer of own savings deposits to a bank with higher interest rate despite a lack of information about its financial situation. 4. Cultural activities: frequency of visiting the ballet, dance performances, opera, cinema, theatre, concert, library, historical buildings, museums, reception of cultural programs on TV and radio, book reading and reasons for no cultural activities; frequency of use of cultural offerings from or in another European country; own creative and artistic activities in music, theatre, dance, artistic or handicraft design, creating websites or blogs; frequency of internet use for cultural purposes and specific type of use. 5. Road use and road user charges and toll: vehicle use as a driver of an own vehicle, a company vehicle or as a passenger; frequency of use of roads out of town as a driver or passenger of a vehicle; opinion on road condition out of towns in the own country; opinion on the demand for higher spending on the maintenance of roads by the government or local authorities; use of roads out of town for leisure activities, for work or as a professional driver (for example, taxi driver); frequency of own traffic jam experiences on roads out of town; information about road user charges including higher tolls; willingness to pay higher tolls. 6. Science and technology: self-rated knowledge about developments in science and technology; interest in these developments; family member with professional or university degree in the area of science or technology; own learning experience in science or technology in school, university or elsewhere; source for information on developments in science and technology; assessment of the overall impact of science and technology on society in the country; preferred participation level of citizens in making decisions about science and technology; best qualified group of persons and organizations for statements on the influence of science and technology on society; supposed responsible behavior of selected individuals and organizations in terms of their scientific activities (scientists at universities or government laboratories, environmental protection organizations (split A), scientists in laboratories in the private sector, consumer organizations (split B) as well as journalists, government representatives, and industry); attitudes towards selected statements on science and technology (life becomes easier, more comfortable and healthier, too large dependence on science and too little trust in faith, science changes lifestyle too quickly, more opportunities for future generations, possible threat of human rights, cause risk of use by terrorists, danger to health and the environment through unpredictable side effects, too much attention to unexplored risk of technological progress threaten scientific progress; attitudes toward the violation of human rights and moral Principles by scientific and technological discoveries; attitudes towards ethics and Science (scale: demand for a funding ban for scientific research outside the EU if it would be illegal within the EU, demand for active EU advertising for worldwide compliance with European ethical Scientific research, respect for ethical principles and fundamental rights as a guarantee of the fulfillment of citizens expectations by scientific research and technological innovation, demand for decisions on risks from science and technology at the European level, demand for mandatory training of researchers in research ethics (such as animal protection, privacy, etc.), demand for an oath on ethical principles and laws for young scientists similar to the on for physicians, demand for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest and funding agencies to public authorities); assessment of the efforts of the national government to increase interest of young people for science; young people with scientific interest have greater chances to get a job; improvement of culture through scientific interest of young people; science prepares young people to be informed citizens; Importance of scientific training to engender creative thinking of young people; importance of taking into account women- or man-specific needs through scientific research and reasons the for this; attitudes towards open acess to publicly funded research results on the internet. 7. Unreported employment and tax fraud: acquaintances having an unreported employment; expected sentence for unreported work; assessment of the risk get caught in unreported employment; reasons for unreported employment; use of services and purchase of products supposed to contain illicit work; type of products or services; amount spent for illict work; hourly wage for the most common purchased unreported services; group of persons, or service providers, or companies where these goods or services were purchased (shopping sources); reasons for the purchase on the black market; payment of salary by the employer without payment of taxes; billing of regular working hours or overtime without taxes; percentage of annual gross salary which was paid unreported; size of the company; own experience of illicit work; kind of illicit work; income from illicit work; contractor of illicit work; motive for illicit work; perceived consequences of own illicit work (higher risk of accidents compared to regular work, lack of insurance, hard physical work, higher risk of losing job, no claims from the social security); own employment without written employment contract; variable or performance-related salary; unpaid work for a partner or in a family business; opinion on claiming unjustifyed benefits from social security, fare evasion, illicit work in a private household, illicit work in a company, in a private home or at another company, employer pays untaxed salary, and tax evasion. Demographics: nationality; marital status; age at completion of full-time education; sex; age; occupation; professional status; degree of urbanisation; number of household members aged 15 and over; number the children in the household under the age of 10 and between 10 and 14 years of age; landline telephone connection in the household; possession of a mobile phone; ownership of durable goods; payment difficulties in the last year; self-assessment of the position in society (Skalometer); frequency of internet use (at home, at work, in the school, university or in an internet café); self-assessment of social class of the household Also encoded was: date of interview; the start of the interview; interview duration; presence of other parties during the interview; cooperation of the respondents; city size; region; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-13
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-06
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-05
    Czech Republic
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-13
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-11
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-13
  • 2013-04-28 / 2013-05-10
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-12
    Republic of Cyprus
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-13
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-14
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-11
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-13
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-13
  • 2013-05-02 / 2013-05-14
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-11
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-29 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-26 / 2013-05-14
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-12
  • 2013-04-27 / 2013-05-14
    United Kingdom
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over The survey has also been conducted in Croatia where the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in this country and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview in the appropriate national language As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 27563
    Number of Variables: 718
Module QB (Cultural activities and participation) partly replicates questions asked in the context Eurobarometer 67.1 (QA). Module QD (Science and technology) replicates some questions asked in the context Eurobarometer 73.1. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5688 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR35505.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12462
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12447
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11873
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11849
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11798
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11790
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 399. Cultural Access and Participation. Conducted by TNS Opinion & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Education and Culture. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, November 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 398. Internal Market. Conducted by TNS Opinion & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Internal Market and Services. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, October 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 401. Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI), Science and Technology. Conducted by TNS Opinion & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Research and Innovation. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, November 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 400. Attitudes of Europeans Towards the Use of Roads Located Outside of Cities. Conducted by TNS Opinion & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE). Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, December 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 402. Undeclared Work in the European Union. Conducted by TNS Opinion & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, March 2014.

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2016-08-05

European Commission, Brussels (2016): Eurobarometer 79.2 (2013). Internal market, cultural activities, non-urban road use, science and technology, and undeclared work and tax fraud. Version: 6.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.