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Transatlantic Trends 2004

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kennedy, Craig (German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF), Washington, USA)
  • Isernia, Pierangelo (University of Siena, Italy)
  • Everts, Philip (University of Leiden, the Netherlands)
  • Eichenberg, Richard C. (Tufts University, Medfort/Somerville, USA)
Publication Date
  • TNS EMNID, Bielefeld, Deutschland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Paris, Frankreich (Data Collector)
  • DOXA, Mailand, Italien (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Niederlande (Data Collector)
  • TNS EUROTESTE, Lissabon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spanien (Data Collector)
  • ICM Direct, London, Großbritannien (Data Collector)
  • TNS OBOP, Warschau, Polen (Data Collector)
  • TNS FACTUM, Bratislava, Slovakei (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Türkei (Data Collector)
  • Leger Marketing, Montreal (Quebec), Kanada (Data Collector)
  • TNS EMNID, Bielefeld, Germany TNS Sofres, Paris, France DOXA, Milan, Italy TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, The Netherlands TNS EUROTESTE, Lissabon, Portugal TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain ICM Direct, London, Great Britain TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland TNS FACTUM, (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
  • Abstract

    Attitudes towards the Arab/Israeli conflict, economic policy, the European Union, immigration, international relations, the Iraq war, military interventions, national security, NATO, nuclear weapons, the use of political power, terrorism, and the United Nations. Topics: support for an active role of own country in international politics; attitude towards strong leadership in world affairs by the USA; personal preference for superpower status of the European Union and/or the USA; against superpower status for the European Union because of higher military spending; support for a political strengthening of the European Union to better compete with the USA or to better cooperate with the USA; assessment of own country´s amount of military expenditure; assessment of potential international threats to Europe/the USA: Islamic fundamentalism, large numbers of immigrants and refugees, international terrorism, the military conflict between Israel and its Arab neighbors, the global spread of AIDS (HIV), a major economic downturn, a terrorist attack on own country using weapons of mass destruction; attitude towards the United Nations in general; 100-point sympathy temperature scale for the USA, Russia, Israel, the European Union, the Palestinians, North Korea, Turkey, China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, France, and Germany; assessment of the George W. Bush administration´s handling of foreign policy; European Union and USA have enough common values to cooperate; European Union or the USA more important for vital interests of own country; assessment of the development of transatlantic relations in recent years; support for closer partnership between the European Union and the USA in general (split A) and especially considering the developments in Iraq (split B); opinion on NATO´s importance for own country´s security; attitude towards the use of own country´s military to prevent an imminent terrorist attack, to provide humanitarian assistance to victims of war, to stop civil wars, to ensure the supply of oil, for peacekeeping missions, to remove governments that abuse human rights, to prevent nuclear proliferation, and to defend a NATO ally under attack; assessment of costs in lives and money for Iraq war (split A) and especially considering the liberation of the Iraqi people (split B); attitude towards presence of own country´s troops in Iraq (except France, Germany, Spain, Turkey); attitude towards decision not to send troops to Iraq (only France, Germany, Turkey); attitude towards decision to remove troops from Iraq (only Spain); attitude towards own country´s troops in Iraq if supported by United Nations mandate (split A) or if led by the USA under United Nations mandate (split B); assessment of Iraq war´s influence on the threat of international terrorism; attitude towards the need to ensure support for military action similar to Iraq war by the United Nations (split A), by the European Union (split B) or by the most important European allies (split C); attitude towards European Union membership of Turkey; main reasons for rejecting/supporting Turkish EU membership; support for military action to prevent an imminent terror attack if sanctioned by the United Nations (split A), NATO (split B), the most important European allies (split C); support for military action to end a civil war in Africa if sanctioned by the United Nations (split A), NATO (split B), the most important European allies (split C); support for military action without mandate by the United Nations (split A), NATO (split B), the most important European allies (split C); economic strength more important than military strength in world affairs; attitude towards the necessity of war to fight injustice; attitude towards ignoring the United Nations if vital interests of country are concerned; military strength is best way to secure peace; importance of cooperating with allies on national security issues; need for Europe to strengthen military to reduce dependence on USA; regarding global issues USA does not need European support; combating terrorism militarily is best; raising living standards in foreign countries is best way to combat terrorism; political affiliation (USA only). Demography: sex; age; highest level of education received; age when finished full-time education; current occupation; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); most important political issues in decision to vote; self-placement on a left-right continuum, size of household; ethnic background (US only). Additional variables: country, region, degree of urbanity. Weights: redressment weight for age, gender and education (USA: race not considered); redressment weight for age, gender and education (USA: race considered); population weight for all European countries; population weight for European countries except Slovakia, Turkey and Spain; population weight for European countries except Turkey.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2004-06-06 / 2004-06-26
Geographic Coverage
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • United States (US)
Sampled Universe
Men and women aged 18 and over.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Random sample
Collection Mode
  • Computer assisted telephone interviews using a standardized questionnaire (in Poland, Slovakia and Turkey personal interviews, due to low telephone penetration).
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 11020
    Number of Variables: 138
In Europe a total of around 10,000 interviews were conducted, approximately 1,000 interviews per country. A further 1,000 interviews were conducted in the USA. In Europe the survey was generally conducted by computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI), only the Polish survey used computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI). In Slovakia and Turkey the survey was conducted using a paper questionnaire. Response rates vary from 9% in the USA to 57% in Turkey. The overall response rate is 24%. This data collection corresponds to ICPSR-Study No. 4243. Funding agency: German Marshall Fund of the United States; Compagnia di San Paolo, Turin, Italy; Luso-American Development Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal; Fundacion BBV, Spain; Institute for Public Affairs, Bratislava, Slovakia
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4220 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 87 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Kennedy, Craig; Isernia, Pierangelo; Everts, Philip; Eichenberg, Richard C. (2005): Transatlantic Trends 2004. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.