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China Rice Theory Data

Resource Type
  • Talhelm, Thomas (University of Virginia)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
cultural pluralism; agriculture; cultural influences
  • Abstract

    Cross-cultural psychologists have mostly contrasted East Asia with the West. However, this study shows that there are psychological differences within China almost as large as differences between East and West. We propose that a history of farming rice makes cultures more interdependent, while farming wheat makes cultures more independent, and these agricultural legacies continue to affect people in the modern world. We tested 1,162 Han Chinese participants in six sites and found that rice-growing southern China is more interdependent and holistic-thinking than the wheat-growing north. To control for confounds like climate, we tested people from neighboring counties along the rice-wheat border and found differences that were just as large. We also show that modernization and pathogen prevalence theories do not fit the data.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2010-05-13 / 2013-05-13
    Time period: Thu May 13 00:00:00 EDT 2010--Mon May 13 00:00:00 EDT 2013
Geographic Coverage
  • China (Peoples Republic)
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.

Update Metadata: 2016-08-20 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2016-08-20

Talhelm, Thomas (2014): China Rice Theory Data. Version: 4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.