Transatlantic Trends 2005

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kennedy, Craig (German Marshall Fund of the United States, Washington, USA)
  • La Balme, Natalie (German Marshall Fund of the United States, Washington, USA)
  • Isernia, Pierangelo (University of Siena, Italy)
  • Everts, Philip (University of Leiden, The Netherlands)
  • Eichenberg, Richard (Tufts University, USA)
Publication Date
  • Leger Marketing, Montreal, USA (Data Collector)
  • ICM, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Paris, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS EMNID, Bielefeld, Germany (Data Collector)
  • DOXA, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • TNS Nipo, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS SK s.r.o, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • EOS-GALLUP (fieldwork co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Political ideology
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • Abstract

    Summary: opinions across Europe and the United States on several topics of national and international interest. These topics included: the European Union (EU) and the United States as superpowers, threats facing the global community, the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), general opinions of various countries, institutions, and people, actions taken by the George W. Bush Administration, intervention policy, Turkey´s (potential) membership in the EU, Iran´s pursuit of nuclear weapons, China´s human rights record, and political preferences and voter intentions. Topics: Regarding the EU and the United States as superpowers, respondents were asked whether it was desirable for the EU or the United States to exert strong leadership in the world, whether the EU or the United States or neither should be superpowers, if the motive for opposing the EU becoming a superpower was increased military expenditure, whether increased military expenditure was necessary for the EU to become a superpower, whether the EU should concentrate on becoming an economic power, and if a more powerful EU should cooperate with the United States. Respondents were asked about threats facing the world such as Islamic fundamentalism, immigration, international terrorism, global warming, the spread of diseases such as AIDS, a major economic downturn, and the spread of nuclear weapons, and whether they expected to be affected by any of them in the next ten years. With respect to the United Nations, respondents were asked their overall opinion of the UN, whether they believed UN involvement legitimized the use of military force, whether the UN could help manage the world´s problems better than a single country could, and whether the UN helps to distribute the costs of international actions. Regarding the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), respondents were asked whether NATO could help share the United States military burden, whether NATO was an essential part of national security, if NATO involvement legitimized the use of military force, if NATO was dominated by the United States, and whether Europe should maintain a defensive alliance independent of the United States. Respondents were asked to give their opinions on the following countries, institutions, and population groups: the United States, Russia, Israel, the European Union, Palestinians, Italy, Turkey, China, Iran, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Spain. In regard to the Bush Administration, respondents were asked whether relations between the United States and Europe were better or worse, whether Bush´s efforts to improve relations between the United States and Europe were successful, what the future of relations between the United States and Europe would be because of Bush´s efforts, and whether or not Europe should be more independent from the United States with respect to issues of security and diplomacy. Respondents were also asked whether they approved of Bush´s handling of international policies. With respect to intervention policy, the following questions were asked: should the EU help establish democracies, should the EU be involved in monitoring elections, would the respondent be in favor of the EU supporting trade unions, human rights associations, and religious groups in an effort to promote freedom, and should the EU support political dissidents and impose political and economic sanctions in opposition to an authoritarian regime. Respondents were asked several questions regarding Turkey´s membership in the EU, including whether Turkey´s membership in the EU could help promote peace and stability in the Middle East, if Turkey´s membership in the EU would be good for the EU in economic terms, whether a predominately Muslim country belonged in the EU, if Turkey was too populous to become a member of the EU, and whether Turkey was too poor to be admitted into the EU. Respondents were also asked what they felt was the best way to put pressure on Iran in light of its attempts to acquire nuclear weapons and whether or not the EU should limit its relations with China due to China´s human rights violations. Respondents were also asked about their voting intentions for the next elections and what factors they took into consideration when deciding for which party to vote. Demography: gender, age, level of education, occupation, household size, region, and ethnicity (United States only).
Temporal Coverage
  • 2005-05-30 / 2005-06-17
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • United States (US)
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 18 and older
Sampling Procedure Comment: Random sample
Collection Mode
  • Computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) with standardized questionnaire. Poland: face-to-face (CAPI), Slovakia and Turkey: face-to-fae, paper and pencil)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 11080
    Number of Variables: 159
In all countries a random sample of approximately 1,000 men and women was interviewed. Funding agency: German Marshall Fund of the United States; Compagnia di San Paolo, Turin, Italy; Luso-American Development Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal; Fundacion BBV, Spain; Institute for Public Affairs, Bratislava, Slovakia please notice ICPSR Study No.: 4605
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4262 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 240 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22