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Seeking revenge or seeking reconciliation? Adopting perpetrator or victim focus helps explain responses in reciprocal intergroup conflict

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Gausel, Nicolay
Publication Date
2016
Contributor
  • Leach, Colin Wayne (Other)
  • Mazziotta, Agostino (Other)
  • Feuchte, Friederike (Other)
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
Description
  • Abstract

    In reciprocal conflicts individuals belong to an in-group that has been both perpetrator and victim. Thus, in a field experiment in Liberia, Africa (N = 146) we led participants to focus on their in-group as either perpetrator or victim to investigate its effect on orientation toward inter-group reconciliation and revenge. Compared to a perpetrator focus, a victim focus led to slightly more revenge orientation and moderately less reconciliation orientation. The effect of the focus manipulation on revenge orientation was fully mediated, and reconciliation orientation partly mediated, by viewing the in-group’s social-image as at risk. Independent of perpetrator or victim focus, shame (but not guilt) was a distinct explanation of moderately more reconciliation orientation. This is consistent with a growing body of work demonstrating the pro-social potential of shame. Taken together, results suggest how groups in reciprocal conflict might be encouraged toward reconciliation and away from revenge by feeling shame for their wrongdoing and viewing their social-image as less at risk.
Data and File Information
    • File Name: EJSP_Revenge_liberia.sav
      File Format: application/x-spss-sav
      File Size: 10059
      Data Fingerprint: 218eb627ddcbbfc324939a59b42bd4f7
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name: EJSP_Revenge_liberia.sav
      File Format: application/x-spss-sav
      File Size: 10059
      Data Fingerprint: 218eb627ddcbbfc324939a59b42bd4f7
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name: Experimental_Manipulation_&_Measures.pdf
      File Format: application/pdf
      File Size: 92963
      Data Fingerprint: 330184c65314ff96c9b09f6216724381
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
    • File Name: Experimental_Manipulation_&_Measures.pdf
      File Format: application/pdf
      File Size: 92963
      Data Fingerprint: 330184c65314ff96c9b09f6216724381
      Method Fingerprint: MD5
Availability
Download
Free Access (with Registration)
Rights
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Update Metadata: 2019-10-01 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2016-10-17

Gausel, Nicolay (2016): Seeking revenge or seeking reconciliation? Adopting perpetrator or victim focus helps explain responses in reciprocal intergroup conflict. Version: 1. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.7802/1331