Euromanifestos Project (EMP) 1979 - 2004

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung, (MZES), Universität Mannheim)
  • Wüst, Andreas M. (Mannheimer Zentrum für Europäische Sozialforschung, (MZES), Universität Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • Coders: Austria: Alice Ludvig, 1996, 1999, 2004 Belgium-Flanders: Pierre Baudewins, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999 Monique Boijnk, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999 Joost de Vries, 1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004 Belgium-Wallonia: Pierre Baudew (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    Manifestos issued ahead of the European elections from 1979 to 2004. The data contain coded versions of the party programs. Topics: Country in which the party ran in EP elections; first year of membership of a country in the EC/EU; Euromanifesto is a national one or adopted from the Euro-party; party family and the parliamentary group a party belongs to; share of votes in EP election and party’s number of seats; country’s number of seats; type of Euromanifesto; placement of Euromanifesto according to the coder on a left-right scale, on a libertarian-authoritarian scale, on a religious-secular scale, on a state interventionism vs. free enterprise scale, on a multiculturalism vs. ethnocentrism scale, and on a pro-anti-EU-integration scale. Computed indices: Percentages of content Codes separately on each political level; summarised percentages of pro-EU issues and anti-EU issues; left-right position of party (EMCS version) and as given by Klingemann/Volkens as well as by Michael Laver/Ian Budge; position in planned economy, market economy and welfare; position in topics like labour migration, single market, monetary union, and creating jobs; differences between freedom and human rights issues and democracy, traditional and libertarian issue, pro and anti social spending issue, pro and anti military interventionism; foreign special relationship to Russia. Variables from the EES-Dataset: Voter`s attitude to European Unification and which party voted, perception of party to European Unification.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1979 / 2004
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
Sampled Universe
Election programs/manifestos of relevant parties in the EU published ahead of the election to the European Parliament in each EC/EU country. Relevant parties in the EC/EU are parties that have been represented in the European Parliament at least once.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Total universe of party manifestos in the EU. The starting point for the coding of Euromanifestos for any single party is the election to the EP in which the party was able to achieve representation for the first time.
Collection Mode
  • Content analysis of collected and coded Euromanifestos.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 588
    Number of Variables: 1732
See also ZA Study number 5102: European Parliament Election Study 1979-2009, Study Manifesto, which is a compilation of this study and of ZA study number 5057: European Parliament Election Study 2009 Manifesto Study. EMP Team at MZES: Andreas M. Wüst, Project Manager/Researcher responsible for project management and for expert coding 2002-2009. Daniel Lederle, Project Researcher responsible for computerized coding September 2004 until December 2005. Tanja Binder, Project Researcher responsible for computerized coding from January 2002 until March 2004. Student Assistants: Daniela Braun, Heidelberg University Maike Salzwedel Mannheim University Christian Stumpf, Heidelberg University Daniela Buscarello, Mannheim and Heidelberg University Susan Rottmann, Heidelberg University and Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Cindy Leister, Mannheim University.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4457 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Publication list using EMP is available at European Election Study homepage

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 247 | Registration Date: 2012-06-05