Eurobarometer 67.1 (Feb-Mar 2007)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Europäische Kommission
Other Title
  • Cultural Values, Poverty and Social Exclusion, Development Aid, and Residential Mobility (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • Papacostas, Antonis (European Commission, Brussels DG Communication, Public Opinion Analysis Sector) (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany Emor, Tallinn, Estonia TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain TNS Sofres, M (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Society, Culture
    • Leisure
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Society and culture
    • Cultural activities and participation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Cultural values. Poverty and social exclusion. Criteria for a minimum standard of living. Development aid. Mobility. Topics: 1. Cultural values: extent of personal fulfillment in private and in professional life; associations with the word “culture”; importance of culture for the respondent; frequency of participation in cultural activities (ballet, dance or opera, cinema, theatre, sports events, concerts, library visits, visits to historical monuments, museums and galleries, reception of cultural programmes on television or on radio, reading books); collectively or independently practiced artistic activities (e.g. playing a musical instrument, singing, acting, dancing); frequency of and reasons for private internet use; reasons for not taking part in cultural activities; assessment of free (sponsored) cultural activities as positive or negative due to low cultural quality; international contacts and international orientation; interest in arts and culture in the own country, in other European countries, and worldwide; interest in meeting people from other European countries; attitude to European culture (scale: Europe as the continent of culture, cultural diversity as a particular value, no common European culture due to different countries, dissemination of European culture due to globalisation, richness of European culture based on the long history shared by the European countries, no specific European culture but only a global Western one, globalisation threatens European culture, Europe must take measures to preserve its own culture, common European culture more visible if compared to other continents); attachment to the city, the region, the country, Europe, and the world; identification with the own country and / or with Europe; particular sensitive values of a society (respect for nature and environment, social equality and solidarity, entrepreneurship, cultural diversity, peace, progress and innovation, freedom of opinion, tolerance and openness to others, awareness of history); embodiment of these values by Europe, by other countries, or by both; importance of culture and cultural exchanges: important for mutual learning and the reinforcement of identification as Europeans, developing greater understanding and tolerance in the world, Europe´s contribution to greater tolerance in the world due to its long standing culture and values; most appropriate institutions for reinforcing the position of culture and cultural exchanges in Europe (EU, national governments, regional and local public authorities, Trust Foundations and NGOs, and the European citizens themselves); appropriate measures for better acquaintance of Europeans with each other; willingness to learn a foreign language or to improve the command of other languages, and reasons for this willingness. 2. Poverty and social exclusion: main aspects for life satisfaction; lowest net monthly income needed for a basic safety of the household; comparison of the actual availability of net household income with this minimum sum; capability to fulfill financial commitments; poverty in the residential area; frequency of contact with the living conditions of poor people; assessment of poverty as inherent or acquired; supposed reasons for need (based on individual or social conditions); reasons for poverty and social exclusion; requirements for a decent standard of living in the country: capability to pay rents and utility bills on time, to repay loans, to cope with unexpected financial expense, to save a certain sum each month; required housing conditions for a decent standard of living (scale: enough natural light, low noise, only little air pollution or environmental problems, absence of violence or vandalism in the residential area, heated accommodation with dry walls, private bath or shower and indoor flushing toilet, good state of maintenance, adequate space and privacy for all family members, hot running water supply, adequately maintained public amenities, sufficient living space, no risk of being forced to leave; necessity to be able to afford the following commodities as an integral element of a decent standard of living (scale: fixed telephone, mobile phone, colour TV, computer, internet connection, washing machine, car, refrigerator, cooker, sufficient number of beds, replacement of broken electrical goods and broken furniture); further necessities to be able to afford a warm winter coat, one pair of shoes for summer and for winter, new clothes, clothes for formal occasions, meat or fish at least once every two days, fresh fruits and vegetables once a day, going to the hair dresser regularly, buying medicine or medical equipment, regular medical and dental check-ups, medical care, access to basic banking services and local public transport, a one week annual holiday, buying presents for family or friends at least once a year, decorating the home, going out once a month (restaurant or cinema, etc.), inviting family and friends for dinner, regular sports activities, spending money on oneself, buying newspapers and books; minimum standards for children to develop well (scale: a holiday with parents at least one week a year, enough space and privacy to do homework, leisure equipment such as bicycle, educational games and books, three meals a day, being able to invite friends at home, celebrations of special occasions such as birthday or Christmas, fresh fruit and vegetables once a day, meal with meat or fish once a day, protected outdoor play area, new and properly fitting shoes and clothes, regular leisure activities, participation in school trips, having an adult looking after him or her while at home, having access to pre-school education, medical care, having regular pocket money, being able to meet the expenses for education, go for medical check-ups); assumed reasons for homelessness: unemployment, no affordable housing, debt, illness, drug or alcohol addiction, family break-up, loss of a close relative, cannot access adequate social benefits, lack of adequate support services, lack of identification papers); probability to become homeless oneself; own support of homeless people: monetary donations to charities and the homeless directly, purchase of newspapers of homeless people, help them access emergency shelters and find a job, directing them to appropriate institutions and services). 3. Development aid: suspected motivations for richer countries to provide development aid; regions that require European development assistance most; knowledge of the European Consensus on Development; most important fields of European development aid to Africa; impact of money transfer by migrants to relatives in their countries of origin; beneficial effects of European development aid compared to national aid; knowledge of the Millennium Development Goals to improve the living conditions of people in developing countries; most important of these goals; institution that should influence the priorities for development aid the most. 4. Mobility: own mobility (relocation) within or outside of EU member countries in the last 10 years; reason for relocation; duration of stay; general intent to move; intended relocation within the present place of residence respectively country or to another country within or outside the EU; preferred destinations for a move; planned duration of stay; already undertaken preparations for a move to another country; friends or relatives in the country of destination that would support the respondents in case of relocation; motivations and objections for moving abroad; most important difficulties to be faced when moving to another EU country. Demography: nationality; age; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; employment or former employment; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection; possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); migration background. Also encoded was: date of interview; beginning of interview; persons present during the interview; willingness to cooperate; interview language; city size; region; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2007-02-16 / 2007-03-15
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-18
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-09
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-10
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-15
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-13
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-13
  • 2007-02-16 / 2007-03-17
    Ireland (Republic)
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-13
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-12
  • 2007-02-21 / 2007-03-15
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-11
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-15
  • 2007-02-16 / 2007-03-15
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-11
    Great Britain
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-11
    Northern Ireland
  • 2007-02-15 / 2007-03-12
    Cyprus (Republic)
  • 2007-02-17 / 2007-03-11
    Czech Republic
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-25
  • 2007-02-19 / 2007-03-14
  • 2007-02-16 / 2007-03-11
  • 2007-02-15 / 2007-03-12
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-13
  • 2007-02-17 / 2007-03-12
  • 2007-02-18 / 2007-03-07
  • 2007-02-15 / 2007-03-13
  • 2007-02-16 / 2007-03-01
  • 2007-02-19 / 2007-03-11
  • 2007-02-14 / 2007-03-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Croatia (HR)
Sampled Universe
population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over. In Croatia, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in this country and have a sufficient command of the national language to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 27746
    Number of Variables: 841
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4529 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR21522.v2 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.10066
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.10065
  • European Commission; TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 278 / Wave 67.1: European cultural values. Survey requested by Directorate General Education and Culture and coordinated by the Directorate General Press and Communication. Brussels: European Commission September 2007
  • European Commission; TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 279 / Wave 67.1: Poverty and Social Exclusion. Survey requested by Directorate General Employment, Social Affaires and Equal Opportunities and coordinated by the Directorate General Press and Communication. Brussels: European Commission September 2007.
  • European Commission; TNS Opinion & Social: Special Eurobarometer 280 / Wave 67.1: Europeans and Development Aid. Survey requested by Directorate General Development and coordinated by the Directorate General Press and Communication. Brussels: European Commission June 2007.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 100 | Registration Date: 2012-08-13