Living Condition Survey Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia 1999 (Individuals)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kutsar, Dagmar (Department of Sociology of the University of Tartu (Estoina))
  • Aasland, Aadne (Institute of Applied Social Research Fafo (Norway))
  • Marksoo, Ülle (Institute of Applied Social Research Fafo (Norway))
  • Statistical Office of Estonia
  • Ministry of Social Affairs of Estonia
  • Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia
  • Ministry of Social Security and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania
  • Statistics Lithuania
Publication Date
  • Statistical Office of Estonia Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia Statistics Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
    • Migration
    • Community, urban and rural life
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Crime
    • Drug abuse, alcohol and smoking
    • Health care and medical treatment
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Income, property and investment/saving
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    The study gives updated and policy-relevant information on living conditions in the three countries, with special focus on poverty and economic resources, housing and residential environment, education, the labour market (unemployment, working conditions), social integration, health (contact with health institutions, coverage of medical insurance, private caretakers etc.), crime and security. Topics: 1.) Housing conditions/residential environment 2.) Labour Force 3.) Economic self-assessment 4.) Income 5.) Working conditions 6.) Health condition 7.) Crime, security and violence 8.) Migration 9.) Attitudes, values and political views 10.) Social contacts Demography 1.) Dwelling type; owner of dwelling; becoming owner of dwelling; quality of amenities; problems paying for rent or communal services; owing money for rent or communal services; number of rooms available to the household; dwelling space in square meters; damp/humid rooms and ability to keep home adequately warm; dwellings’ exposure to noise; exhausts from traffic/industry in vicinity of dwelling; respondents’ satisfaction with housing conditions; condition of dwelling; plans for removal to another dwelling; reasons for planning of removal to another dwelling; supply with consumer goods. 2.) Household members’ occupation last week; absence of occupation last week; reason for absence of occupation last week; actively seeking work; reasons for not seeking work; ways of seeking work; number of months seeking work; general availability for work; paid work in last 12 months; household members’ reason for stopping work; status in employment; full-time or part-time job; working hours at main job; additional jobs; working hours at additional jobs; seeking additional work. 3.) Capacity to get things that people sometimes cannot afford; economic situation of household; possibility to raise money for a sudden need; current economic situation compared with situation 5 years ago; assessment of future economic situation.. 4.) Main contributor to household budget; wage income; self employment income non-agricultural; self employment income agricultural; non-government transfer income; government transfer income in total and income of pension, unemployment benefit, child benefit, social assistance and housing support; property income; other monetary income; total income; income of last calendar month is typical income; employment status of household (employee or self-employed); received benefits through employer or workplace; received in-kind support from relatives, friends, churches or charity organisations; household member owning/renting a farm; household living on farm; farming type of household; garden or land available for subsistence agriculture; household receives food from relatives or friends; household practices aspects of subsistence economy. 5.) Currently employed; paid or unpaid employee; occupational status; type of employment contract; public or private ownership of company; vocational or professional training last 12 months; work schedule; preference for working hours per week; inconveniences respondent is exposed to; stressful and unhealthy working conditions; number of employees at workplace; assessment of good and bad aspects of working conditions; delays in receiving salary; longest delay in the last 12 months; assessment of job security for the next 2 years; working conditions compared with 5 years ago. 6.) State of health in general; chronic illness or disabilities; afflictions in daily life; contact with health care institutions (public or private), reason for visit and mode of paying for service; duration of habitation in health institutions; health problems during last week; intake of sedatives or psychotropics last 6 months, prescribed by a doctor; medical services not used because of lack of money the last 12 months; health insurance of household members; health insurance of respondent; respondent has to pay for health insurance; health-conscious behaviour; consumption of alcoholic beverages (alcohol consumption); smoking habits; someone offered drugs to respondent the last 5 years; place where drugs have been offered to respondent. 7.) Experienced violence and reported to police; fear of assaults or threats; comportment of crime protection; household members are in possession of insurances 8.) Country of birth; respondent lived in dwelling since birth; occupancy in dwelling; duration of stay in community; place where respondent lived before moving to current community; type of residential area respondent lived before; reason for moving to current community; intention to move to another community; preferred place/country of residence; main reason to move away. 9.) General interest in politics; participation on political issues; trust in public institutions and organisations: parliament, president of the state, government, church, armed forces, trade unions, courts, police, television and radio, national businessmen, foreign companies, press; attitude to differences between income groups; estimation of discrimination of women in working life; attitude to statements concerning future, politics and family; opinion to public authorities 10.) Age of moving out of parent’s house; currently living with parents or step-parents; parents’ education; marital status; living with spouse, partner or no partner; frequency of contacts with parents, relatives, friends and acquaintances; possibility of getting help/support from friends and relatives; unpaid care for someone else; reason for caring someone else; voluntary or non-voluntary care; membership in different organisations. Demography: Sex; age; relation of household members; ethnicity; citizenship; respondent applied for citizenship in a Baltic country; household type; type of child care; household expenditure on childcare; highest level of general education of household members; highest vocational education of household members; household members currently attending school/studying; reasons for not attending school.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1999-10 / 1999-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Latvia (LV)
Sampled Universe
Private households resident in the Baltic States. The enumeration units of the sample are all residents.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Single stage stratified cluster sample in the largest cities and two stage stratified cluster sample in all other areas. The questionnaire calls for one respondent that answers for the household, and one randomly selected person (RSI) aged 18 or more. (For detailed information on sampling, please see the publications.)
Collection Mode
  • Face to face interviews with standardized questionnaires
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 10513
    Number of Variables: 489
The present data set includes all sections of the questionnaire (household and individual part). You can find the complete household part which includes the information on all household members among ZA study number ZA4676. The dataset with the ZA study number ZA4677 includes just the sections of the household part (housing, economic self-assessment, income) without part C (household roster). To expand the sample to the total population of the respective country there are two weighting factors. The expansion weights calculated as the inverse of the selection probabilities W(rsi) = 1/p(rsi). Further the weights are adjusted according to the ´adjustment cell method´ and post stratefied according to age, gender and region. The relative weights are expension weights divided by the mean of the expansion weights. See more details in the weighting and sample papers on each country: Oja Urmas, Kutsar Dagmar, Einasto Mart, Living Conditions Study in Estonia 1999 – Baseline Report, 2000, Ministry of Social Affairs of Estonia., pp. 149-152. NORBALT II Latvia., pp. 177-189. NORBALT II Lithuania., pp. 255-265. The study is part of the NORBALT survey series 1999. It was supervised and methodological advice was given by the Institute of Applied Social Research Fafo in Norway. Through NORBALT I information on living-conditions was made available for all three Baltic countries in 1994. With NORBALT II, a follow up to this survey taking place in 1999, the usefulness of this information will be further enhanced.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4675 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Kutsar Dagmar, Living Conditions in Estonia Five Years Later, 2002, Ministry of Social Affairs of Estonia, Tartu University Press.
  • NORBALT II Latvia.
  • Oja Urmas, Kutsar Dagmar, Einasto Mart, Living Conditions Study in Estonia 1999 – Baseline Report, 2000, Ministry of Social Affairs of Estonia.
  • Aadne Aasland, Guri Tyldum, Living Conditions Developments in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1994–1999, 2000, Fafo report 334.
  • NORBALT II Lithuania.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 241 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22