Eurobarometer 79.3 (2013)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 79 (Alternative Title)
  • Europe 2020, the financial and economic crisis, and European citizenship (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´) (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Österreichisches GALLUP-Institut, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community (Data Collector)
  • Puls, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • Capacent, Reykjavik, Iceland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Society and culture
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Economics
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study all question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context: 1. Standard EU and trend questions, 2. Europe 2020 strategy, 3. Financial and economic crisis, 4. European citizenship. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): life satisfaction; frequency of political discussions with friends; assessment of the current economic situation in the country, the european economy, and the world; assessment of the personal professional situation, the financial situation of the government budget and the labour market situation in the country; expected development in the above fields, as well as the own life; comparison of economic situation, labour market situation, cost of living, quality of life, quality of environment, public finances, perspectives for future, and situation of youth in the country with the average of the EU member states; main problems in the country and in the EU; own experience of these problems; future membership of own country in the EU as a good thing; advantages from the membership of country in the EU; development of own country and of the European Union in the right direction; institutional trust (parties, government, national Parliament, EU, UN, public services); assessment of the EU (image); importance of the EU for the respondent; image of EU: modern, democratic, efficient, protective, technocratic; attitudes towards selected statements on the EU (creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, responsible for austerity measures in Europe; facilitates transactions, creates too much bureaucracy, will be more equitable after the crisis, EU shares costs for crisis with financial sector, reduced the cost of living and improves the quality of life in Europe, helps containing global threats and challenges to protect citizens, requires a clearer message; awareness of selected institutions of the EU (European Parliament, European commission, council of the European Union, European Central Bank, European Court of Justice); trust in these institutions; knowledge about the EU (Number of Member States, direct election of the members of the European Parliament, EU membership of Switzerland); attitude towards the European Monetary Union with the euro as its common currency, EU enlargement, common foreign policy and security policy, European political parties present their candidates for the Office of President of the European Commission in the elections to the European Parliament; satisfaction with democracy in the own country and in the EU; attitudes towards selected statements (understanding of the functioning of the EU, political efficacy: own voice counts in the EU, voice of EU counts in the World, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, own country can cope alone with the negative consequences of globalisation, taking into account national interests in the EU, European Union protects from negative effects of globalisation (split A) or allows European citizens to benefit of the positive effects of globalisation (split B), better prospects for future for own country outside the EU, demand for development of the EU into a Federation of nation states); ask all: perceived and desired main objective for the construction of Europe; assessment of the current speed in the construction of Europe and desired speed; optimism with regard to the future of the EU. 2. Europe 2020 strategy: importance of selected initiatives to overcome the economic and financial crisis in the EU (scale: research and product development, improved quality of higher education in the EU, further development of the internet and IT industry by ultra-fast internet connections, support the economy in harmony with the environment, strengthening the competitiveness through business support, modernization of the labour market, support for poor and socially excluded); assessment of the likelihood of reaching selected targets the EU 2020 (jobs for three-quarters of men and women between 20 and 64 years, spending three percent of its annual wealth for research and development, reduction of greenhouse gases by at least 20% compared to 1990, boost the share of renewable energy and energy efficiency 20%, decline in the school-leavers without conclusion on 10%, increase the share of academics on 40%, reduction in the number of Europeans living in poverty to a quarter; development of the EU in the right direction. 3. Financial and economic crisis: peak of the crisis has been exceeded; assessment of the current situation of own budget; the most important actor to tackle the economic and financial crisis; demand for reforms in the country; demand for reinforced cooperation of EU countries; measures to reduce the public deficit have priority (split A) or do not have priority (split B); sufficient strength of the EU to defend European economic interests in the global economy; expected strengthening the EU as a consequence of the crisis; feeling greater solidarity with the citizens of other European countries and demand for reinforced cooperation between EU countries; assessment of the effectiveness of measures to tackle the financial crisis (Scale); attitudes towards selected measures for reforming global financial markets (scale). 4. European citizenship: expectations of the European Union (open question); identity as an EU citizen; self-assessed knowledge of the rights as an EU citizen; interest in information on EU citizen’s rights; interest in specific rights for EU citizens; future identity: national, national and European identity, European and national or exclusively European identity; best and second-best achievements of the European Union (peace among the Member States, free movement, euro, exchange programs for students (e.g. ERASMUS), Common Agricultural Policy, economic power, global political and diplomatic impact of the EU, level of social benefits); travel to another EU country; reading of print products, as well as reception of television broadcasts in a language other than mother tongue; contact to people in other EU countries; use of the Internet to purchase goods in another EU country; personal benefits from achievements the European Union (fewer border controls, strengthening the consumer rights, lower mobile phone costs, use of medical services in another EU country, strengthening the rights of airline passengers, work, life and study in another EU country, cheaper flights and airline choice); connecting elements among EU citizens (e.g. history, values, geography, culture, etc.); value preference; values that represent the best the EU; assessment of the chance to use the European citizens’ initiative Demography: nationality; marital status and family situation; age at completing school education; sex; age; current and previous employment; professional status; degree of urbanization; number of persons in the household aged 15 and over; number of children under 10 years and aged 10 to 14 in the household; possession of durable (economic) assets; payment difficulties during the last year; self-assessment of the position in society; internet use (at home, at work or otherwise). Also encoded was: date of interview; the start of the interview; interview duration; persons present during the interview; cooperation of the respondents; city size; region; weighting factor; interview language (only in Luxembourg, Belgium, Spain, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia and Turkey).
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-13 / 2013-05-20
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-24
    Czech Republic
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-25
  • 2013-05-13 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-25
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-24
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-25
    Rep. of Cyprus
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-25
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-21
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-24
  • 2013-05-10 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
    United Kingdom
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-23
    Turkish Cypriot Community
  • 2013-05-14 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-24
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-20
    Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-26
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-24
  • 2013-05-11 / 2013-05-25
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over The survey has also been conducted in the six candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Serbia) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 32694
    Number of Variables: 685
All question modules are asked in the standard Eurobarometer context and (partly) replicate the corresponding questions asked in Standard Eurobarometer 78.1 [ZA5685] and Standard Eurobarometer 77.3 [ZA5612]. No p6 (size of community) and p7 (region) data have been provided for Macedonia (p6mk and p7mk). No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11. One duplicate case (doublet) in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables and demographics has been identified for Malta. The corresponding case id variables are not identical. UNIQID is coded ´38000139´ and ´38000137´; CASEID is coded ´139´ and ´137´.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5689 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR35615.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12445
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11781
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. Europeans, the European Union and the crisis. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. Europe 2020. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 79. Spring 2013. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Research and Speechwriting" Unit. Brussels, July 2013.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2017-01-18