Eurobarometer 79.4 (2013)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Social Climate, Development Aid, Cyber Security, Public Transport, Anti-microbial Resistance, and Space technology (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; DG Communication (COMM.A.1 ´Research and Speechwriting´) (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • IMS Millward Brown, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Demoscopia, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • Synovate, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Österreichisches GALLUP-Institut, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS OBOP, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS EUROTESTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP, Stockholm, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • Puls, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Technology, Energy
    • Medicine
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Health
    • International politics and organisation
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Transport, travel and mobility
    • Science and technology
    • Information society
    • Crime
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Social climate, 2. Development aid, 3. Cyber security, 4. Public transport, 5. Antimicrobial resistance, 6. Space technology. Topics: 1. Social climate: life satisfaction; assessment of the current situation and expected development in selected areas (residential area, health care, retirement care, unemployment benefits, cost of living in the country, multicultural relations, dealing with inequalities and poverty in the country, affordability of energy and living room, functioning of government, national economic situation, personal job situation, financial situation of the household, national labor market situation); changes in the aforementioned areas compared to five years ago; most important general issues in politics; most important issues in social policy and employment policy, where the EU should urgently turn to; preference for the solution of social policy for the entire EU or concentration on the poorest regions and countries of the EU; awareness of the European Social Fund (ESF) 2. Development aid: importance of EU development assistance; attitude towards increasing development assistence; estimated proportion of the world population living in extreme poverty; willingness to pay higher prices for fair trade products from developing countries; knowledge of the Millennium Development Goals; most important domains of development policy after 2015; assessment of attainability of selected development goals over the next ten years (elimination of extreme poverty and hunger, universal primary education, gender equality, reducing child mortality, reduction in the mortality rate of women at the birth of a child, spread of HIV / AIDS prevent ); attitude towards development assistance to reduce poverty in developing countries: role of individuals in reducing poverty in developing countries as well as the primary concern of the EU and national government, positive effect of development assistance on EU citizens. 3. Cyber security: frequency of internet use; type of device internet acess; type of online activities; confidence in own skills of internet use for online banking and online shopping; type of fears in activities such as online banking or shopping online; habit change due to security concerns when using the Internet; personal experience of online harassment or experience by children; self-assessment of knowledge about cyber crime; frequency even experienced forms of cyber crime; personal concern to be victim of selected forms of cybercrime; preferred points of contact in case of self-experienced cyber attacks; concern about the lack of security of personal online-information on websites and government agencies; avoiding the disclosure of personal information on the internet; increased risk of becoming a victim of cyber-crime; password change in the last year for selected online services. 4. Public transport: frequency of use: car, public transport, motorcycle, bicycle and pedestrian paths; frequency of travel within cities; incidence of problems in urban travel; evaluation of congestion, noise pollution, air pollution, accidents and travel costs as important urban problems; expected development of the traffic situation in cities; appropriate measures to improve travel within cities; evaluation of the effectiveness of selected measures for improving of traveling conditions within cities (restrictions on certain types of vehicles, campaigns to restrict car use, additional fees for the use of certain roads at certain periods); responsability for the reduction of traffic in cities (regional governments, city authorities, private companies or citizens). 5. Antimicrobial resistance: use of antibiotics in oral form during the last twelve months; sourcing of the last antibiotics used; indication for the last antibiotics used; knowledge about effects of antibiotics: destroys viruses, effective remedy for colds and flu, unnecessary use of antibiotics reduces their effectiveness, antibiotics have side effects; attitude towards the contribution of every individual to preserve effectiveness of antibiotics; information on unnecessary use of antibiotics; source on information about the unnecessary use of antibiotics; attitude change due to information about antibiotics and specific personal response to this information; preferred sources of information for reliable information on antibiotics. 6. Space technology: areas that should have top priority of the EU in about 20 years; anticipated areas where in about 20 years technology and services derived from aerospace technology will play an important role; expected medical progress by investing in space research; expected better understanding of the impacts of climate change by investments in earth observations from space; use of space based information for planning trips and outdoor activities; expected availability of space technologies and space based services for weather forecasts; expected contribution of space technologies and space based services for environmental protection and efficient agriculture; expected influence of topics on space activities in teaching materials on the decision by students for a scientific career; expected influence of issues on space activities in teaching materials on the decision by students for a scientific career; expected influence of such teaching materials on the idea children have about the society of the future; willingness for future use of automated vehicles, which are controlled by satellite-based navigation systems; investments in space activities create jobs; attitudes towards the use of satellite monitoring, unmanned aerial vehicles and communication monitoring for border control and the fight against organized crime in the EU (use of this technology will increase the safety in the EU versus threat to privacy); concern about asteroid or comet impact; concern about disruption of space-based services by collisions of satellite or space junk; importance of the role of space technology in the fight against threats posed by asteroids and comets and space debris; importance of further EU investment in space research; pros and cons for the importance of the EU investment; importance of a european participation in an international mission to Mars in twenty years; reasons for the usefulness of suborbital space flights. Demography: nationality; family situation; age at completion of education; sex; age in years; current or last occupation; occupational position; type of community; number of household members aged 15 or older; number of household members under 10 years and between 10 to 14 years; possession of a landline and a mobile phone; possession of durable goods; financial difficulties during the last year; self-assessment of social position (scale); frequency of internet use at home, at work or at school, university or internet cafe; only in EU-27: self-assessment of social class of the household (working class, middle class or upper class society). Also encoded was: date of interview; interview start; interview; presence of third parties during the interview; cooperation of the respondent; city size; region; language of the interview (only in Luxembourg, Belgium, Spain, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Malta); weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-02
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-06
    Czech Republic
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-08
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-08
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-07
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-09
    Rep. of Cyprus
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-24 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-28 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-04
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
    United Kingdom
  • 2013-05-25 / 2013-06-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over The SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 407 survey has also been conducted in Croatia where the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in this country and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview in the appropriate national language As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 27680
    Number of Variables: 643
Topical module QA (Social climate) replicates questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 77.4 (QB) and 73.5 (QB). Topical module QB (Development aid) partly replicates the corresponding module in Eurobarometer 77.4 (QA). Topical module QC (Cyber security) largely replicates the corresponding module in Eurobarometer 77.2 (QE). Topical module QE (Anti-microbial resistance) replicates the corresponding module in Eurobarometer 72.5 (QD). Variable d62t has been renamed d62t1. The standard NETUSE index has been renamed d62t2. Variable d40abc has been renamed d40t and modified. Variable qe3ab_t has been renamed qe3b_t and modified. Weights W15 (WEIGHT EU AC2 + CC1) and W19 (WEIGHT EU CC) were not coded in the original data delivery and have been dropped from the dataset.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5852 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR36038.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12444
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11871
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11870
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11795
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11794
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 408. Social Climate. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, October 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 407. Antimicrobial resistance. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Health and Consumers (DG SANCO). Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, November 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 405. EU Development Aid and the Millennium Development Goals. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication “Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer” Unit). Brussels, November 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 404. Cyber Security. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Home Affairs. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, November 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 406. Attitudes of Europeans towards urban mobility. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE). Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, December 2013.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 403. Europeans´ attitudes towards Space activities. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry. Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM “Research and Speechwriting” Unit). Brussels, January 2014.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 21 | Registration Date: 2017-02-10