Small-Scale Industries and Economic Development in Ghana: Business Behavior and Strategies in Informal Sector Economies

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Anheier, Helmut K. (Arbeitsstelle für Entwicklungsländerforschung, Universität zu Köln)
  • Seibel, Hans-Dieter (Arbeitsstelle für Entwicklungsländerforschung, Universität zu Köln)
Publication Date
  • H. K. Anheier, Arbeitsstelle fuer Entwicklungslaenderforschung, Universitaet zu Koeln (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Trade, industry and markets
  • Abstract

    Situation and problems of small businesses in Ghana. Topics: location and area of the business; year of founding and business founder; frequency of change of location and reasons; necessity for a loan when the business was founded; type of financial source and amount of financial aid received at the founding of the business; biggest problems at the beginning and selected strategies of solution; judgement on business performance; years with the greatest and least success and changes introduced since; judgement on current business situation as well as its duration; size of product range; detailed information on the four main products; type of buyers and origins of customers; change in regular customers; detailed information on the tools and machines used most; storekeeping; possible length of production with the materials in stock; changes in storekeeping compared to last year and type of difference; exchange of equipment and tools with other businesses in the area; sole owner of the business or part owner; personal partnership in other businesses; monthly business expenditures for materials, wages, electricity, water, rent and other costs; amount of monthly income in good and bad times; amount of investments up to now; value of the company if it were to be sold; willingness to take out a loan and financing sources used; granting credit to customers; passing work on to other companies or receipt of orders from other companies; detailed information on the number of employees; occupational structure of workers, trainees and family members active in the company at selected times of the company's existence; average time worked each week by employees; intent to hire; amount of monthly income for a full-time worker; problems in looking for qualified workers and trainees as well as reasons for these difficulties; duration of training and later employment of trainees; the number of former trainees that have started their own business; detailed information on business problems and judgement on them compared to last year as well as chosen strategies of solution; planned business expansion; assumed problems from a business expansion and possible strategies of solution; government aid received and type of this aid; association membership; association goals and aid received from the association to help solve problems; year the association was founded; reasons for not belonging to an association; earlier or present membership in a savings institution; amount of contributions and method of payment; ownership of account and type of account; year the account was opened; taking out a loan at one's own bank; book-keeping; regional origins; ethnic group affiliation; size of household; education level; employment in industry or in the government sector before founding the business; father's occupation; preference for employment in the formal or informal sector; information on the use of a particular amount of money for private or business purpose; registration of the business or interest in registering the business; advantages and disadvantages of registration. Additionally encoded were: the city and part of town in which the interview was conducted as well as the name of the interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1985-05 / 1985-06
Geographic Coverage
  • Greater Accra (GH-AA)
  • Ashanti (GH-AH)
Sampled Universe
Small businesses in the metal and wood processing trades with 15 and fewer employees in the urban informal sector.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Area sample and within these areas multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 209
    Number of Variables: 267
The study is part of a comparative investigation. See the survey on business managers in Nigeria under ZA Study No. 1671
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5008 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Anheier, Helmut K.; Seibel, Hans-Dieter: Small-Scale Industries and Economic Development in Ghana: Business Behavior and Strategies in Informal Sector Economies. Saarbrücken: Breitenbach 1987. (Kölner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung, Band 3)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 88 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22