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Small-Scale Industries and Economic Development in Ghana: Business Behavior and Strategies in Informal Sector Economies

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Anheier, Helmut K. (Arbeitsstelle für Entwicklungsländerforschung, Universität zu Köln)
  • Seibel, Hans-Dieter (Arbeitsstelle für Entwicklungsländerforschung, Universität zu Köln)
Publication Date
1990
Contributor
  • H. K. Anheier, Arbeitsstelle fuer Entwicklungslaenderforschung, Universitaet zu Koeln (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Branches of Economy, Services and Transport
Description
  • Abstract

    Situation and problems of small businesses in Ghana. Topics: location and area of the business; year of founding and business founder; frequency of change of location and reasons; necessity for a loan when the business was founded; type of financial source and amount of financial aid received at the founding of the business; biggest problems at the beginning and selected strategies of solution; judgement on business performance; years with the greatest and least success and changes introduced since; judgement on current business situation as well as its duration; size of product range; detailed information on the four main products; type of buyers and origins of customers; change in regular customers; detailed information on the tools and machines used most; storekeeping; possible length of production with the materials in stock; changes in storekeeping compared to last year and type of difference; exchange of equipment and tools with other businesses in the area; sole owner of the business or part owner; personal partnership in other businesses; monthly business expenditures for materials, wages, electricity, water, rent and other costs; amount of monthly income in good and bad times; amount of investments up to now; value of the company if it were to be sold; willingness to take out a loan and financing sources used; granting credit to customers; passing work on to other companies or receipt of orders from other companies; detailed information on the number of employees; occupational structure of workers, trainees and family members active in the company at selected times of the company's existence; average time worked each week by employees; intent to hire; amount of monthly income for a full-time worker; problems in looking for qualified workers and trainees as well as reasons for these difficulties; duration of training and later employment of trainees; the number of former trainees that have started their own business; detailed information on business problems and judgement on them compared to last year as well as chosen strategies of solution; planned business expansion; assumed problems from a business expansion and possible strategies of solution; government aid received and type of this aid; association membership; association goals and aid received from the association to help solve problems; year the association was founded; reasons for not belonging to an association; earlier or present membership in a savings institution; amount of contributions and method of payment; ownership of account and type of account; year the account was opened; taking out a loan at one's own bank; book-keeping; regional origins; ethnic group affiliation; size of household; education level; employment in industry or in the government sector before founding the business; father's occupation; preference for employment in the formal or informal sector; information on the use of a particular amount of money for private or business purpose; registration of the business or interest in registering the business; advantages and disadvantages of registration. Additionally encoded were: the city and part of town in which the interview was conducted as well as the name of the interviewer.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1985-05 / 1985-06
Geographic Coverage
  • Accra (GH-AA-ACC)
  • Kumasi (GH-AH-KMS)
Sampled Universe
Small businesses in the metal and wood processing trades with 15 and fewer employees in the urban informal sector.
Sampling
Area sample and within these areas multi-stage stratified random sample
Collection Mode
  • Oral interview with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 209
    Number of Variables: 267
Note
The study is part of a comparative investigation. See the survey on business managers in Nigeria under ZA Study No. 1671
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5008 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Anheier, Helmut K.; Seibel, Hans-Dieter: Small-Scale Industries and Economic Development in Ghana: Business Behavior and Strategies in Informal Sector Economies. Saarbrücken: Breitenbach 1987. (Kölner Beiträge zur Entwicklungsländerforschung, Band 3)

Update Metadata: 2017-12-28 | Issue Number: 75 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Anheier, Helmut K.; Seibel, Hans-Dieter (1990): Small-Scale Industries and Economic Development in Ghana: Business Behavior and Strategies in Informal Sector Economies. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.5008