Young People in European Bulgaria: A Sociological Portrait 2014

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Mitev, Petar-Emil (Ivan Hadjiyski Institute for Social Values and Structures, Sofia)
  • Kovacheva, Siyka (New Europe Centre Plovdiv, Sofia)
  • Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES)
Publication Date
  • Gallup International, Sofia (Data Collector)
  • GESIS (Distributor)
  • GESIS (Hosting Institution)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Society, Culture
    • Group
    • Family
    • Education, School Systems
    • Religion and "Weltanschauung"
    • Leisure
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour and employment
    • Education
    • Leisure, tourism and sport
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Family life and marriage
    • Youth
    • Psychology
Free Keywords
Schema: TheSoz
value-orientation; family; migration; political attitude; joining the European Union; religiousness; gainful occupation; course of education; Bulgaria
  • Abstract

    Leisure time and lifestyle of Bulgarian youth. Values and beliefs. Family transitions. Migration intentions. Education and employment. Democracy and politics. European integration. Optimism and fears. Topics: 1. Leisure time and lifestyle: main leisure time activities; number of hours a day the respondent spends watching TV and on the internet; purposes for internet use; fashionable and old-fashioned personal values; smoker;, alcohol use; acceptance of marijuana use and alcohol use; satisfaction with own appearance; sexual experience; tolerance towards non-traditional forms of sexuality; tolerance towards abortion; involvement in some form of physical (violent) conflict in the last 12 months; material possessions; family’s cultural capital: number of books in the household. 2. Values and beliefs: most fashionable accomplishments - values; more important: success in life at any cost or honesty and integrity; what does personal success in Bulgaria depend the most on; ranking of the most important values; most appreciated personal qualities of own children; trust in social groups from young people’s milieu; ever felt discriminated and factors for discrimination; membership in organizations; participation in voluntary activities over the last 12 months; religious beliefs and practices: religious denomination; acceptance of religious beliefs (there is a God, God created the world, believe in the existence of heaven and hell, and in God as a source of moral prescriptions and duties); frequency of participation in religious practices. 3. Family transitions: housing situation; number of rooms in the household; form of ownership; reasons for living with the parents; relationship with the parents; persons with most influence on young people’s decisions; way of decision-making in the family; life plans for family formation; advantages of marriage; advantages of unmarried relationship; most appropriate age for creating a family; the most appropriate age for women to get the first child; desired number of children; ranking of factors for the choice of a marriage partner; attitude towards the traditional gender roles in the family. 4. Migration intentions: intentions for internal migration and emigration; attractive opportunities abroad. 5. Education: educational aspirations; most important factor for obtaining the desired education; everyday life at school / university: motivation for attending school / university; academic efforts and achievements; corruption in the educational system: grades and exams are being bought at the own school / university. 6. Employment: preference for private or public sector employment; plans to start own business; preference for a better-paid job or a more interesting job; difficult job demanding responsibility; most important factor for finding a suitable job and succeeding in employment today; employed in the profession the respondent was educated for; working hours per week; average monthly income. 7. Democracy and politics: frequency of political discussions with parents; interest in world politics, EU politics, politics in the Balkans, and Bulgarian politics; voted in 2014 European Parliament elections; electoral participation since becoming eligible to vote; satisfaction with democracy; opinion about the influence of one’s vote upon parliament and the government; trust in Bulgarian and EU institutions; trust in political parties; correspondence between political views of the respondent and his parents. 8. European integration: perception of the EU; positive and negative synonyms; attitude towards Bulgaria’s EU membership; Bulgaria has benefited or lost from EU membership; areas where Bulgaria has benefited from EU accession; attitude towards European values; European identity; national identity. 9. Optimism and fears: assessment of personal and family life-prospects at present; expected future in ten years; vision of Bulgaria’s short-term future; disturbing / alarming problems for Bulgarian society; Bulgaria’s EU membership poses threats to different levels; global fears: the world is becoming ever more hostile and dangerous vs, living in a better world .in 30 years. Demography: sex; age; year of birth; household size; highest educational level of respondent and parents; ethnic or national background (Bulgarian, Turk, Roma or Bulgarian Muslim); employment situation; monthly salary; monthly expenses of household. Additionally coded was: respondent-ID; country (region); settlement type. Interviewer rating of respondent’s ethnic or national origin.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-06-12 / 2014-08-31
Geographic Coverage
  • Bulgaria (BG)
Sampled Universe
The target group were young people aged 14-27 years
Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI
  • Telephone interview
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI (Paper and Pencil Interview) Telephone interview
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 404
0 - Data and documents are released for everybody.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6797 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • 1 (Type: VerbundFDB)
  • Mitev, Petar-Emil; Kovacheva, Siyka: Young people in European Bulgaria : A sociological portrait 2014. Sofia: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) 2014

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 23 | Registration Date: 2017-04-10