Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Survey in Four European Countries (CILS4EU) - Reduced version. Reduced data file for download and off-site use

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kalter, Frank; Heath, Anthony F.; Hewstone, Miles; Jonsson, Jan O.; Kalmijn, Matthijs; Kogan, Irena; Tubergen, Frank van;
Publication Date
  • Kalter, Frank (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Heath, Anthony F. (Universität Oxford) (Researcher)
  • Hewstone, Miles (Universität Oxford) (Researcher)
  • Jonsson, Jan O. (Universität Stockholm) (Researcher)
  • Kalmijn, Matthijs (Universität Amsterdam) (Researcher)
  • Kogan, Irena (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Tubergen, Frank van (Universität Utrecht) (Researcher)
  • Kroneberg, Clemens (Universität zu Köln) (Researcher)
  • Andersson Rydell, Linus (Universität Stockholm) (Researcher)
  • Brolin Låftman, Sara (Universität Stockholm) (Researcher)
  • Dollmann, Jörg (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Engzell, Per (Universität Stockholm) (Researcher)
  • Geven, Sara (Universität Utrecht) (Researcher)
  • Horr, Andreas (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Jacob, Konstanze (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Huuva, Lou (Universität Stockholm) (Researcher)
  • Kruse, Hanno (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Jaspers, Eva (Universität Utrecht) (Researcher)
  • Parameshwaran, Meenakshi (Universität Manchester) (Researcher)
  • Rudolphi, Frida (Universität Stockholm) (Researcher)
  • Salikutluk, Zerrin (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Smith, Sanne (Universität Utrecht) (Researcher)
  • Zantvliet, Pascale van (Universität Tilburg) (Researcher)
  • Germany: IEA Data Processing and Research Center, Hamburg (student, parent and teacher surveys) und University of Mannheim (parent survey (telephone/postal) (Data Collector)
  • Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) at the University of Mannheim (student survey wave 3) (Data Collector)
  • England: National Centre for Social Research (NatCen), London (Data Collector)
  • The Netherlands: University of Utrecht, University of Tilburg (Data Collector)
  • Sweden: Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden), Stockholm (Data Collector)
  • GESIS (Distributor)
  • GESIS (Hosting Institution)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
    • Group
    • Education, School Systems
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Migration
    • Compulsory and pre-school education
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Youth
    • Social exclusion
    • Teaching profession
    • Employment
    • Language and linguistics
Free Keywords
Schema: TheSoz
migration background; knowledge of languages; school education; family; social background; national identity; leisure time behavior; social relations; additional job; gainful occupation; integration; discrimination
  • Abstract

    The study is a panel survey of adolescents designed to study the complex causal mechanism of structural, social, and cultural integration of adolescents with migration background. The data of three waves are currently available. The data set of the first wave includes surveys of students and parents. It enables studying processes of intergenerational transmission and integration. The survey covers topics of (1) cognitive-cultural integration), (2) structural integration, (3) social integration, (4) emotional-cultural integration, and (5) health and wellbeing. In addition there is (6) detailed information about migration experience and demographics. Furthermore, the cognitive-cultural integration on the basis of (1) language proficiency tests (measuring linguistic skills) and (2) a cognitive skills test (measurement of intelligence) was measured. In addition, two aspects of social integration were measured: (1) social integration outside the class context by means of egocentric networks and (2) social integration within the class context by means of a sociometric questionnaire. The data set of the second wave includes re-interviews with students from the first wave. In addition, in the Netherlands students were interviewed who were not part of the first sample (newcomers). These students were integrated in the school classes between the survey waves. The main questionnaire and the social integration within the class context (sociometric questionnaire) were measured repeatedly. The data set of the third wave includes re-interviews with students from the first wave or the second wave. Additionally, 10 students are included who were part of the class list of the first wave, and therefore form part of the first wave’s target population, but were absent at the days of the school surveys in wave 1 and wave 2. The main questionnaire was measured repeatedly. In addition, two aspects of social integration were measured: (1) social integration outside the class context by means of egocentric networks and (2) social integration within the class context by means of a sociometric questionnaire (only in NL). The survey instrument includes country-specific variations. The questionnaire also varies between various modules. For more information, see the study documentation. Cognitive-cultural integration: language (objective measures of proficiency in the host country’s language, self-assessed knowledge of L1, self-assessed knowledge of L2, language use, language spoken at home); measurement of cognitive skills; leisure time activities (memberships, leisure time activities); number of books at home. Structural Integration: School performance (self-assessment, grades, setting system, school type, repeating classes, private lessons); attitudes towards school (favourite subjects, educational aspirations, self-efficacy, anti-school norms, efforts in school, value of education, status maintenance motive, teacher support, satisfaction with school, success probabilities, perceived association between educational and occupational success, expected discrimination, financial restrictions, educational costs); economic situation (side job, pocket money, possessions, expected development of own economic situation); deviant behaviour and delinquency (school-related problem behaviour, delinquent behaviour). Social Integration: Sociometric information within classrooms; strong ties (ethnic background of friends); contact person in case of problems; person one is having trouble with; weak ties (in school, neighbourhood, clubs/associations); discrimination (victimisation in school, perceived discrimination); attitudes towards other ethnic groups; romantic relationships (characteristics of partner and relationship, expectations about the future of the relationship), family relations (parental support, parent-child contact, family cohesion, parental expectations, family conflict, embeddedness/influence of parents). Emotional-cultural Integration: Identity (with respect to host, respectively sending country, importance of ethnic identity); attitudes towards integration; religion (religious affiliation, importance of religion, religious practices); attitudes and norms (gender roles, violence legitimizing norms of masculinity, tolerance). Health and well-being: Personality and psychological well-being (life satisfaction, self-esteem, behavioural problems, self-control); health (general health status, health problems, sleeping behaviour, weight, height, health related behaviour, future expectations about health). Demography and migration history: Gender; age; living situation and household composition (household members, household situation, neighbourhood); social background (parents´ education, parents´ employment status, parents´ occupation), migration history (child´s, parents´, and grandparents´ country of birth, age of migration, home-country visits, return migration).
Temporal Coverage
  • 2010-11 / 2011-03
    Germany, wave 1 (parent survey: 11.2010-05.2011)
  • 2010-11 / 2011-07
    England, wave 1
  • 2010-10 / 2011-04
    The Netherlands, wave 1
  • 2010-12 / 2011-06
    Sweden, wave 1 (parent survey: 04.2011-09.2011; 03.2012-10.2012 (together with the student survey of wave 2)
  • 2011-10 / 2011-12
    Germany, wave 2
  • 2011-10 / 2012-07
    England, wave 2
  • 2011-10 / 2012-04
    The Netherlands, wave 2
  • 2012-02 / 2012-06
    Sweden, wave 2
  • 2012-11 / 2013-09
    Germany, wave 3
  • 2013-03 / 2013-06
    England, wave 3
  • 2012-10 / 2013-05
    The Netherlands, wave 3
  • 2013-04 / 2013-08
    Sweden, wave 3
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
  • England (GB-ENG)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Sweden (SE)
Sampled Universe
All students attending a grade level in which mainly 14-year olds are enrolled. England: grade level 10; Germany: grade level 9; the Netherlands: grade level 3 in secondary schools; Sweden: grade level 8.
Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Two-stage disproportionate stratified cluster sample (First step: disproportionate random sample of schools; second step: random sample of classes within schools. All students within classes were included in the datacollection). More detailed information on the sampling procedure and sample design can be found in the Technical Report of the first wave.
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Panel
Collection Mode
  • Telephone interview
  • Telephone interview: CATI
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Computer-assisted (CASI)
  • Wave 1: Student survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) Teacher survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) Parent Survey: Fixed form self-administered questionnaire: Paper (SAQ) & Telephone interview (follow up) Wave 2: Student survey: • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper • Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer Assisted Web-Interviewing) • Telephone Interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview) Wave 3: Student survey: • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper • Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer Assisted Web-Interviewing) • Telephone Interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview) • School Survey NL: Self-administered questionnaire: CASI (Computer-Assisted Self-Interview)
The German Federal State of Bavaria did not take part in the survey. The study is part of the NORFACE-Programme on migration (
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5656 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • 1 (Type: VerbundFDB)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/cils4eu.5656.3.2.0
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/cils4eu.5656.3.1.0
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/cils4eu.5656.2.1.0
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/cils4eu.5656.1.1.0

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 18 | Registration Date: 2017-04-11