European Parliament Election Study 2009, Euromanifesto Study

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Braun, Daniela (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
  • Mikhaylov, Slava (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, University of Mannheim)
Publication Date
  • Coder:Europe:Ivo Georgiev, Rosa-Luxemburg-Foundation, BerlinAustria:Alice Ludvig, University of ViennaBelgium (Flanders):Patrick van der Weyden, University of GhentBelgium (Wallonia):Ilona Rezsöhazy, Université Catholique de LouvainBulgaria:Ivo Georgiev, (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    Coded version of election programs. Manifestos issued ahead of the European elections 2009. The data contain coded versions of the party programs. Topics: country in which the party ran in EP elections; party ID; party family (parliamentary group) a party belongs to; placement of Euromanifesto according to the coder on a left-right scale, on an environmental protection vs. economic growth scale, on a libertarian-authoritarian scale, on a religious-secular scale, on a state interventionism vs. free enterprise scale, on a multiculturalism vs. ethnocentrism scale, and on a pro-anti-EU-integration scale. Position in topics: foreign special relationships (general, to eastern European Countries of the EU and not in the EU, to Russia and to the USA); anti-imperialism; military; peace; internationalism; Europe; European Community/European Union; financing the EC/EU; freedom; human rights; democracy; constitutionalism; decentralization; transfer of power to the EC/EU; executive and administrative efficiency; political corruption; political authority; competences of the European Parliament, of the European Commission and of the European Council; voting procedures in the European Council; competences of the European Court of Justice and other EC/EU institutions; mentions of the European Central Bank; EC/EU enlargement; membership in the EU of east European countries and of Balkan countries currently not in the EU; membership of Turkey in the EU; complexity of the EC/EU political system; free enterprise; property-restitution; controlled economy; social ownership; mixed economy; publicly-owned industry; socialist property; economic planning; EC/EU structural funds; nationalization; privatisation; corporatism; market regulation; Marxist-analysis; incentives; Keynesian demand management; productivity; technology and infrastructure; protectionism; anti-growth economy; economic orthodoxy; economic goals; creating jobs; labour migration; single market; European monetary union/European currency; environmental protection; culture; social justice; welfare state, pensions, health care, social housing, child care, job programs; education; multiculturalism; traditional morality; law and order; fight against terrorism; social harmony; national way of life; immigration; EU integration; labour groups; agriculture and farmers; middle class and professional groups; underprivileged minority groups (handicapped, homosexuals, immigrants and foreigners in the Manifesto countries and of the Manifesto countries living abroad), non-economic demographic groups (women, old people, young people, linguistic groups); for Cyprus only: Cyprus issue. Computed indices: percentages of content codes separately on each political level; left-right position of party; planned economy dimension, market economy dimension, welfare dimension; pro-anti European integration dimension; summarized percentages of uncoded quasi-sentences.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2009
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
Sampled Universe
196 party programs/manifestos of relevant parties in the EU published ahead of the election to the European Parliament
Sampling Procedure Comment: Selection of parties: The collection of manifestos should cover all the relevant parties. Relevant parties in the EU are those that have been represented in the European Parliament at least once. Selection of programs: Election programs have been taken as a source for identifying political goals of parties. The documents that are collected, in each EU country, are the platforms of parties that they publish ahead of the election to the European Parliament. Election programs are collected from the parties themselves, but they are also found in associated research and educational institutes, or in publications such as newspapers, magazines, or books. The ideal type of a document which summarizes authoritative statements of the party’s policy positions for electioneering was being achieved as far as possible.
Collection Mode
  • Content analysis
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 196
    Number of Variables: 742
See also ZA Study number 5102: European Parliament Election Study 1979-2009, Study Manifesto, which is a compilation of this study and of ZA study number 4457: Euromanifestos Project (EMP) from 1979 to 2004.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5057 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Braun, Daniela; Mikhaylov, Slava, and Schmitt, Hermann (2010): EES (2009) Manifesto Study Documentation Advance Release (user beware/ pre-release B).
  • Publications using EES data can be found in the EES Bibliography available at This database includes bibliographical references to former European Election Studies and relevant publications of the main PIREDEU researchers considering the project’s key themes: European elections, Democracy, Citizenship, Political Parties, Electoral Behaviour, Media, Candidates, and Party Manifestos.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 231 | Registration Date: 2012-07-25