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Pathways to Power: The Political Representation of Citizens of Immigrant Origin in Belgium (BE-PATHWAYS)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Van Hauwaert, Steven M.; Janssen, Chloé
Publication Date
2017-06-07
Contributor
  • Van Hauwaert, Steven M. (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE), Mexico) (Researcher)
  • Janssen, Chloé (Université Catholique de Louvain) (Researcher)
  • Pilet, Jean-Benoit (Université Libre de Bruxelles) (Researcher)
  • Celis, Karen (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) (Researcher)
  • Baudewyns, Pierre (Université Catholique de Louvain) (Researcher)
  • Principal investigator (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Political Parties, Organizations
    • Occupation, Profession
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour and employment
    • Migration
    • Government, political systems and organisation
Description
  • Abstract

    The project aims at providing the data required to study the descriptive representation of citizens of immigrant origin (CIOs). The main aim is to provide an overview of the social and political profile of Member of Parliament (MPs), with a particular focus on identifying MPs of immigrant origin. In addition to the national level dataset described below, a corresponding regional level dataset is available. Identification variables: Political level (regional, national); country-ID (NUTS); name of region; region-id (NUTS); date of relevant election; full name of district in which elected; level of electoral tier (first / Lower (or single tier); identifier for tier 1 to 3 districts at national level; number of legislatures in the country, as recorded by the parliament itself; date in which the legislature begins and ends; first name, first (second) surname of MP; MP-ID; national MP is also simultaneously a regional MP; which regional MP. Demography: sex of MP; year of birth of MP; highest level of education (ISCED 1997); last occupation /profession of the MP before first ever becoming an MP (ISCO 2008); occupation sector when first elected; current occupation/ profession of the MP (ISCO 2008); current occupation sector. Electoral and parliamentary tenure variables: number of times the MP has been previously elected to parliament in this district; type of electoral district; number of times the MP has been previously elected to parliament in this tier; Rookie: MP elected for the first time in this term; number of times the MP has been elected to parliament; number of times the MP has taken up the seat in parliament once elected; year when the MP was first elected to national/regional parliament; total number of years spent in national/regional parliament as MP, prior to this legislature (seniority); when was the MP elected for the last time prior to this legislature (continuity); MP was elected to chamber from inauguration; MP stayed continuously with no interruptions from the moment of taking up the seat until the end of the legislative term; number of months the MP did serve (if he did not serve a full legislative term); MP came back to reclaim the seat if MP left seat at some point; position in party list; rank position in which the MP was elected in district; double candidacy in another tier; MP won seat as incumbent, or as contender; parliamentary group the MP joined at the beginning and at the end of his/her term; full name and acronym of party or list in which elected; party code according to the CMP (Comparative Manifesto Project) dataset; party-ID. Immigrant origin variables (corresponding coding for MPs mother and father): MP was born in the country of parliament; country (ISO 3166-1), world region (UN Classification for ‘Composition of macro geographical regions’), and country region (NUTS) in which the MP was born; data sources for country of birth (e.g. official parliamentary source, personal blogs, etc.); specific sources for country of birth; reliability of the data regarding the country of birth of the MP (as judged by the coder); year of immigration; born as a national citizen of the country of parliament; country of nationality at birth; data sources country of nationality at birth; specific sources for country of citizenship at birth; reliability of the data regarding citizenship at birth; year in which naturalized as a citizen; data sources year of naturalization; specific sources for date of naturalization; reliability of the data regarding naturalization. Variables relating to aspects potentially related to discrimination: the MP is a native speaker of an official country language and data sources; specific sources for native language of MP; MP can be perceived by voters as a member of an ‘identifiable’ minority; source where picture found; specific sources for picture of MP; does the MP self-identify as a member of an ethnic minority; ethnicity; sources and specific sources for information on ethnic self-identification of MP; self-identification as a member of a certain religion; religion the MP identifies with. Party career and committee membership variables: year in which the MP joined the party for which she/he was elected in this legislative term; highest position within the party; MP changed party affiliation during the legislative term; date of change; full name and party acronym of the new party joined, CMP code of the new party and Pathways identifier for party; (corresponding coding if the MP changed party affiliation during the legislative term a second time); ever a local councilor or mayor prior to, or while, being elected an MP this legislative term; total number of years in the local council as a mayor and/or councilor; ever a member of the regional parliament prior to being elected a national MP this legislative term; number of years in the regional parliament prior to this legislature; ever a member of the European Parliament prior to being elected a regional/national MP this legislative term; number of years as a member of the European Parliament; MP served as a national cabinet minister during this legislative term; number of months the MP served as national cabinet minister; MP simultaneously served as a regional cabinet minister/councilor; number of months; MP has previously served as a national cabinet minister; number of months; MP has previously served as a regional cabinet minister; number of months; previous party membership; full name and acronym of previous party, party code according to the CMP dataset, Pathways identifier for the previous party; number of years of formal affiliation to the previous party; year in which the MP joined a political party for the first time; membership in committees ; total number of parliamentary committees in which the MPs was a member during this legislative term; name of the committee joined for the longest period in this term; role or position in committee 1 and 2; total number of months as a member of committee during this legislative term; member of this committee during a prior legislative term; type of committee; relevance of committee; immigration related committee; names of all other committees that the MP joined during legislative term; membership of any all-party group (APG), friendship group or issue group mentioned in the personal (parliamentary) website; MP has served during this term as Chair, Speaker, President of the Chamber, as Deputy Chair, Deputy Speaker, Deputy President of the Chamber, as a member of the political administration/management team of the Chamber, as a member of the parliamentary party leadership group. Additionally coded was: other observations; MP, MPs mother and father expelled; name and surname Greek; titular MP; membership and time in government.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991 / 2010
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
Sampled Universe
All Member of Parliament (MPs) of the Belgian national parliament and regional parliaments during the legislative periods 1991-2010. National level data is being collected for all MPs (including those not of immigrant origin) elected in the Lower Chamber for all legislative terms since 1990. Additionally, regional data is being collected, including all MPs from the most recent term that ended before the start of the data collection in each region.
Sampling
Sampling Procedure Comment: Total universe/Complete Enumeration
Collection Mode
  • Content Coding Existing datasets from other research projects, websites of national and regional Parliaments, publications of the national and regional Parliaments, national and regional associations of former MPs, websites of parliamentary groups/national and regional organizations of political parties, Personal blogs/webpages/social media profiles of MPs, and other sources.
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 174
Availability
Delivery
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6796 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Van Hauwaert, S. M.; Janssen, C.; Pilet, J.; Celis, K.; Baudewyns, P. and Erzeel, S. (forthcoming): The political representation of CIOs across Europe: Belgium. In L. Morales and T. Saalfeld (Eds.), Pathways to Power: The Political Representation of Citizens of Immigrant Origin in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2017-06-07

Van Hauwaert, Steven M.; Janssen, Chloé (2017): Pathways to Power: The Political Representation of Citizens of Immigrant Origin in Belgium (BE-PATHWAYS). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12793