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Competencies in Later Life (CiLL) - Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), Germany

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Friebe, Jens (DIE – Deutsches Institut für Erwachsenenbildung Bonn)
  • Gebrande, Johanna (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
  • Gnahs, Dieter (DIE – Deutsches Institut für Erwachsenenbildung Bonn)
  • Knauber, Carolin (DIE – Deutsches Institut für Erwachsenenbildung Bonn)
  • Schmidt-Hertha, Bernhard (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen)
  • Setzer, Bettina (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
  • Tippelt, Rudolf (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München)
  • Weiß, Christina (DIE – Deutsches Institut für Erwachsenenbildung Bonn)
Publication Date
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, München (Data Collector)
  • GESIS (Distributor)
  • GESIS (Hosting Institution)
  • ZA:
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Education, School Systems
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Life-long/continuing education
    • Labour and employment
Free Keywords
Schema: TheSoz
course of education; further education; job history; social background
  • Abstract

    This data file contains competency scores (plausible values) for each participant in the domains ̶ Literacy ̶ Numeracy ̶ Problem solving in technology-rich environments as well as their background information. It contais more detailed information about respondents in Germany than the German public use file for PIAAC available at the OECD homepage ( The background questionnaire for CiLL is identical to the background questionnaire for PIAAC and is devided into the following topics: A: General Information, such as age and gender; B: Education, such as highest educational achievement, current education, participation in continuing education; C: Current status and work history, such as paid work and unpaid work for family business, information on job search; D: Current work, such as profession, self-employment, and income; E: Recent work, such as profession, self-employment, reason for quitting; F: Skills used at work, such as influence and physical skills; G: Skill use Literacy, Numeracy etc. at work; H: Skill use Literacy, Numeracy etc. in everyday life; I: About yourself, such as readiness to learn and volunteering; J: Background information, such as country of birth, citizenship, language, parents’ profession. Additionally, the data file contains further derived variables, information on competency assessment, information on sampling and weighting, limited regional information and time information of the interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2012-05 / 2012-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Resident population aged 66 to 80 years in private households in the Federal Republic of Germany
Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Proportionate Stratified Multistage Sample
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI
  • Educational measurements and tests
  • Face-to face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) and PAPI (Paper and Pencil Interview) computer- or paper-based assessment of competencies in Literacy, Numeracy and Problem solving in technology-rich environments
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 1399
Survey unit: adults### To ensure data protection, municipality size is coarsened. Additionally, information on origin, such as country of birth, citizenship and country in which highest qualification was obtained is coarsened. Categorization of these variables corresponds to those used in the German Microcensus. Competencies in Later Life - CiLL is a supplementary study on PIAAC (Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies) with the aim of investigating skills of adults aged 66 to 80 years. Financed by: German Federal Ministry of Education (BMBF), Berlin, Germany
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5969 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • PIAAC (Type: FDZ)
  • 1 (Type: VerbundFDB)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12409
  • Friebe, Jens; Schmidt-Hertha, Bernhard; Tippelt, Rudolf (Hrsg.): Kompetenzen im höheren Lebensalter: Ergebnisse der Studie "Competencies in Later Life" (CiLL). Bielefeld: Bertelsmann, 2014 (DIE spezial)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 17 | Registration Date: 2017-06-20

Friebe, Jens; Gebrande, Johanna; Gnahs, Dieter; Knauber, Carolin; Schmidt-Hertha, Bernhard et. al. (2017): Competencies in Later Life (CiLL) - Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), Germany. Version: 1.1.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.