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Politbarometer 2016 (Cumulated Data Set)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim
Publication Date
  • Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim (Data Collector)
  • GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (Data Curator)
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
  • Abstract

    Cumulative data set of the Politbarometer of the year 2016. Assessment of parties and politicians. Attitude towards current political issues. Topics: The following topics are included in the total data set. In some cases they were asked at any time, but in others only at one or more times. The most important political problems in Germany; intention to vote in the next Bundestag election and party preference (Sunday question); voting for this party is conceivable (CDU/CSU, SPD, Die Linke, Die Grünen, FDP und AfD); voting behaviour in the last Bundestag election; coalition preference; assessment of a grand coalition; evaluation of a coalition of CDU/CSU and Grünen, CDU/CSU, Grünen and FDP, CDU/CSU and FDP, CDU/CSU and AfD, SPD and Grünen as well as SPD, Die Linke and Grünen; sympathy scale for the parties CDU, CSU, SPD, Die Linke, Grüne, FDP and AfD; satisfaction scale for the federal government from CDU/CSU and SPD as well as for the respective government parties and the opposition parties Die Linke and Grüne; ranking of the parties that like the most; most important politicians in Germany; sympathy scale for selected top politicians (Peter Altmaier, Wolfgang Bosbach, Malu Dreyer, Sigmar Gabriel, Gregor Gysi, Ursula von der Leyen, Heiko Maas, Thomas de Maizière, Angela Merkel, Andrea Nahles, Cem Özdemir, Winfried Kretschmann, Wolfgang Schäuble, Manuela Schwesig, Horst Seehofer, Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Sahra Wagenknecht and Joachim Gauck); satisfaction with democracy; political interest; disagreement between CDU and CSU on important political issues; expected development of the relationship between CDU and CSU; opinion on extending the CSU beyond Bavaria in the next Bundestag elections; CDU stands behind Angela Merkel´s policy; CSU stands behind Horst Seehofer´s policy; SPD stands behind Sigmar Gabriel´s policy; CDU well led by its party leader Angela Merkel; satisfaction with the social market economy in Germany; assessment of the conflict potential between poor and rich, employers and employees, young and old, foreigners and Germans, East Germans and West Germans as well as between women and men; assessment of the current economic situation in the country; most suitable party to solve the economic problems in the country; assessment of the current personal economic situation and expected economic situation in the coming year; expected upward development in Germany (economic expectations); most competent party to create jobs in the areas of social policy, social justice, refugees and asylum, combating crime and securing pensions; party with the best tax policy and energy policy in the sense of the respondent; CDU chairman Angela Merkel and SPD chairman Sigmar Gabriel rather strengthened or rather weakened by the outcome of the state elections; expected long-term success of the AfD; AfD supporters represent right-wing ideas; left-right classification of the AfD; assessment of the electoral success of the AfD in the state elections with regard to democracy; AfD would make better policy in the Federation than the other parties; opinion on the demand for no cooperation of the other parties with the AfD; expected long-term success of the FDP; opinion on an opening of the FDP for coalitions with SPD and Grünen; most successful development direction of the Grünen; coalition preference of the Greens after the Bundestag elections (SPD and Die Linke or CDU); Grüne should determine their coalition preference before the Bundestag elections; rather advantages or disadvantages for the German population by the EU membership of the country; evaluation of the consequences of the influx of right-wing populist parties for democracy in Europe; importance of the EU membership of Great Britain; opinion on an EU withdrawal of Great Britain; assessment of the economic consequences of Britain´s withdrawal from the EU for Germany; expected break-up of the EU by Britain´s withdrawal; expected strengthening or weakening of cohesion in the EU by Britain´s retention; expected development of the EU (merger versus autonomy of member states); opinion on the extent of concessions to Britain after EU withdrawal; majority decisions versus unanimity on EU decisions; assessment of the introduction of the euro; expected long-term success of the euro; risk to euro stability from Italy´s sovereign debt; risk to EU cohesion from the political crisis in Italy; assessment of further debt relief for Greece; assessment of the extent of austerity measures and reforms required by Greece; assessment of the work of Chancellor Angela Merkel as a whole and in refugee policy; assessment of refugee policy by Horst Seehofer; expected dominance of Angela Merkel or Horst Seehofer in refugee policy; expected premature loss of Angela Merkel´s Federal Chancellery as a result of the dispute over the course of the refugee crisis; assessment of the work of the federal government; expectation of a better federal government made up of SPD and Grünen and, respectively from the SPD, Grünen and Die Linke or from the CDU and Grünen; assessment of climate change as a major problem for Germany; sufficient efforts in Germany for climate protection; current Russian policy as a threat to NATO member states Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania; assessment of a strengthening of NATO troops in the East; agreement to an increase in defence spending for NATO by EU member states; opinion on closer political cooperation between the West and Russia; problems with refugees in the residential area; assessment of the spread of xenophobia in Germany; expected introduction of a refugee quota within the EU; expected agreement at EU level leads to a reduction in refugee numbers in the country; impact on refugee numbers in Germany without an agreement at EU level; attitude to payment of financial compensation by individual EU member states for refusal to accept refugees; fewer refugees by combating the causes of flight in Africa; Germany can cope with high numbers of refugees arriving (split: present) in Germany; approval of an upper limit for the number of refugees demanded by Seehofer; approval of border controls in connection with the refugee crisis; expected extent of damage to the German economy through these border controls; sufficient police forces in Germany for border controls; in Germany too much is done for the integration of refugees; assessment of the willingness of refugees to integrate; assessment of the success of the integration of refugees; threat to social values by refugees; Expenditure on refugees at the expense of other areas; expected rise in crime in the country by refugees; fear of crime by refugees; demand for stricter laws to deport asylum seekers who have committed crimes; change in personal attitudes towards refugees as a result of the events of New Year´s Eve in Cologne; attitude towards the establishment of transit zones for refugees; awareness of Jan Böhmermann´s abusive poem about Turkish President Erdogan; evaluation of Chancellor Merkel´s behaviour in the Böhmermann case; opinion on increased financial support for Turkey by the EU for the establishment of further refugee camps; assessment of the refugee deal with Turkey; expected decline in refugee numbers to Europe through the refugee deal with Turkey; Turkey as a reliable partner in the refugee crisis; future reluctance to criticise Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan for easier cooperation in the refugee crisis; too much consideration for Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan by Chancellor Merkel; expected failure of the agreements between Turkey and the EU; opinion on visa freedom for Turkish citizens; attitude towards Turkey´s EU membership; strengthening or weakening of Turkish President Erdogan by the failed coup attempt; endangerment of democracy in Turkey; expected burden on the coexistence of Turks and Germans due to political developments in Turkey; opinion on the termination of EU accession negotiations due to the domestic political situation in Turkey; assessment of the current state of the EU; opinion on the Interrail-Ticket proposal for every EU citizen as a gift for the 18th anniversary; endangerment of democracy in Poland due to controversial laws; the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada is well known; CETA is more likely to have advantages or disadvantages for Germany; the EU will lose international importance if CETA fails due to Belgium´s blockade; expected easing or intensification of the Syrian conflict; Russia as a reliable partner in resolving the Syrian conflict; economic sanctions against Russia should be relaxed; assessment of the potential for conflict resolution through Russia´s military intervention in Syria; assessment of the influence of Islam in Germany; acceptance of the values of the Basic Law by most Muslims in Germany; compatibility of Islam with the Basic Law; feared terrorist attacks in Germany by Islamist terrorists; intention to avoid major events due to the danger of terrorism; opinion on the use of the Bundeswehr in terrorist attacks to support the police; sufficient protective measures against terrorist attacks in Germany; effects of the danger of terrorism on one´s own holiday plans; estimated spread of tax evasion in Germany; greater spread of tax evasion on high incomes; sufficient measures to combat tax evasion; assessment of personal financial old-age provision; other old-age provision in addition to statutory pensions; expected problems with the statutory pension insurance in Germany; assessment of social justice in Germany; assessment of social cohesion; expected formation of the SPD government with the Grünen and Die Linke; leading politicians or political content as a reason for poor survey scores by the SPD; opinion on Sigmar Gabriel as the SPD´s candidate for chancellor in the 2017 federal elections; opinion on Angela Merkel´s further candidate for chancellor; expected agreement between CDU and CSU on Angela Merkel as candidate for chancellor; SPD´s preferred candidate for chancellor (Sigmar Gabriel versus Martin Schulz); SPD´s alternative candidate for chancellor; chancellor´s preference (Angela Merkel versus Sigmar Gabriel and respectively Angela Merkel versus Martin Schulz); assessment of the timing of the SPD´s chancellor´s decision; opinion on a second term in office of Federal President Joachim Gauck; importance of the person of the next Federal President for the respondent; preference for the office of Federal President; opinion on Frank-Walter Steinmeier as Federal President; opinion on the introduction of the passenger car toll; expected greater financial burden from the passenger car toll; expected continuation of the grand coalition of CDU/CSU and SPD until the federal elections in 2017; personal significance of who governs in the federal government; opinion on the future traditional-conservative political course of the CDU; assessment of relations between Germany and the USA; sympathy with Americans; preferred US president (Hillary Clinton versus Donald Trump); expected winner of the US presidential elections; expected development of German-American relations under a President Hillary Clinton and a President Donald Trump; expectation of radical positions by Donald Trump in the office of US President; expected quality of German-American cooperation with US President Donald Trump; assessment of the work of US President Barack Obama; feeling of the threat of crime in the country; Germany as European Football Champion; maximum round achieved by Germany at the European Football Championship; feared terrorist attacks during the European Football Championship in France; approval of an exclusion of the Russian Olympic team due to systematic doping in Russia; estimated proliferation of doping in top-level sport; opinion on the proposed driving disqualification in the event of violations of the law instead of fines; left-right self-assessment; classification of the parties SPD, CDU, CSU, Grüne, FDP, Die Linke and AfD on a left-right continuum; review of the past year 2016 personally and for Germany; outlook on the coming year 2017. Demography: sex; age (categorised); marital status; cohabitation with a partner; children; number of children in the household under 13 and their age; school leaving certificate or desired school leaving certificate; completed studies or vocational training; occupation; job security; occupational group; household size; number of persons in the household over 18; trade union member in the household; denomination; frequency of church attendance; party affiliation and party identification; number of telephone numbers at home. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; version; survey month; survey week; federal state; survey area; population of the municipality; estimated age of the target person; weighting factors: representative weight, total weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2016-01-12 / 2016-01-14
    Week 02
  • 2016-01-26 / 2016-01-28
    Week 04
  • 2016-02-16 / 2016-02-18
    Week 07
  • 2016-03-15 / 2016-03-17
    Week 11
  • 2016-04-05 / 2016-04-07
    Week 14
  • 2016-04-19 / 2016-04-21
    Week 16
  • 2016-05-10 / 2016-05-12
    Week 19
  • 2016-05-31 / 2016-06-02
    Week 22
  • 2016-06-20 / 2016-06-23
    Week 25
  • 2016-07-05 / 2016-07-07
    Week 27
  • 2016-07-19 / 2016-07-21
    Week 29
  • 2016-08-09 / 2016-08-11
    Week 32
  • 2016-09-20 / 2016-09-22
    Week 38
  • 2016-10-11 / 2016-10-13
    Week 41
  • 2016-10-25 / 2016-10-27
    Week 43
  • 2016-11-08 / 2016-11-10
    Week 45
  • 2016-11-22 / 2016-11-24
    Week 47
  • 2016-12-06 / 2016-12-08
    Week 49
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Residential population eligible to vote
Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Telephone interview: CATI
  • Telephone interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 320
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6888 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • WAHLEN (Type: FDZ)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 18 | Registration Date: 2017-07-19

Forschungsgruppe Wahlen, Mannheim (2017): Politbarometer 2016 (Kumulierter Datensatz). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.