Factors and Forms of Development of Young People in the GDR (1968 - 1980) IS 1 - 1977 10th Wave - Cross-Section)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Zentralinstitut für Jugendforschung (ZIJ), Leipzig
Publication Date
  • Zentralinstitut fuer Jugendforschung Leipzig (Data Collector)
  • GESIS (Distributor)
  • GESIS (Hosting Institution)
  • ZA:
    • Education, School Systems
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Health
    • Mass media
    • Political ideology
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Family life and marriage
    • Youth
Free Keywords
Schema: TheSoz
young adult; work satisfaction; job history; political attitude; social relations; health behavior; media consumption
  • Abstract

    Recording typical forms and courses of personality development of GDR-youth in the 70's as well as their significant determinants. Topics: employment and work proving its worth (BAB): attitude to chosen occupation; job satisfaction; sense of well-being, recognition in work brigade, sense of responsibility; fulfillment of work demands, ability to achieve; retrospective evaluation of occupational training; characteristics of activity exercised; self-assessment regarding work achievements; assessment of leader; use of forms of further education and qualification; assessment of social relations in work collective, work organization, climate in the company; subjective factors for job satisfaction; pride in occupation; occupational plans - remaining in occupation and company, change; number of jobs up to now; Satisfaction with life (ZUF): satisfaction with political, technical, social, personal and other areas such as political development of the GDR, policies regarding the FRG, housing situation, financial situation, material possessions, partner relations, possiblities for qualification, conditions of structuring leisure time, social support at work, life over-all; Subjective retrospective on measures for education and child-raising as well as education needs (BIB): assessment of the effectiveness of measures for education and child-raising at the occupational, technical school or EOS; Mass communication (MKM): political information practices; preferred mass medium; frequency of use of printed matter, radio and TV broadcasts, differentiating content; selection of radio and TV station; justifying reception of stations in the West; frequency of trips to the movies and dance events; reading belletristic books; preferred structuring of leisure time on the weekend; Political-ideological attitudes and world view (PIE-WAG): certainty of the historical victory of socialism; world view, attitude to religiousness of young people, interest in political events and philosophical questions; ideological value orientations such as identification with the GDR, socialism, communism, protection of the socialist state, ethical values of socialism, the working class; commitment to political activity; condemning the capitalist social system, the imperialist order in the FRG, anticommunism; attitude to military duty in the GDR, image of the enemy; Social activity (GA): participation and interest in various forms of social-political life; Group conduct (GGV): affiliation, structure of circle of friends; friends of same and other sex; relations to FDJ collective; assessment of the political effectiveness of one's FDJ group; Partner conduct and marriage problems (SEV-EHE): desire for children, one's own children; current partnership, commitment, age, activity of partner; attitudes to love, sexuality, pre-marital sex, abstaining from sex given the risk unwanted pregnancy; age of first intimate partner; number of partners in sexual intercourse up to now; attitude to and use of contraceptives; Family origin and family influence (ELT): relation with parents; recognition of mother and father as model for conduct; opinions and counseling ability of parents regarding structuring leisure time, clothing, music, dance, sexuality, work morale, child-raising, political-philosophical decisions, FDJ work; share of housework realized; Health practices (GES): condition of health; complaints; times of work absence; frequency of conducting sports, motivation; smoking habits; Demographic data and living conditions (DAL): marital status; school conclusion, final examination grade; one's own residence, application for residence, housing conditions; employment; area of activity; income; military service; FDJ membership, pride in this; Goals in life and life planning (LEZ): attitude to long-term life planning; view of the future; goals in life such as willingness to fulfill social duty, experience and pleasure in structuring material life, future work, relations with collective, acquisition of material things, mental-cultural structuring of life, goals of self-realization, good work as ethical principle, effort for other people, sincerity in conducting one's life, the will for self-education, striving for justice, striving for education, single-mindedness, political-philosophical orientations.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1977-05 / 1977-06
Geographic Coverage
  • German Democratic Republic (1949-1990) (DDDE)
    GDR: city of Leipzig
Sampled Universe
31 school classes from 11 schools. Interviewed were young people 20 years old in the 1. or 2. year of employment as well as in the 2. year of study at university.
Probability: Cluster; Sampling Procedure Comment: Cluster sample
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal
Collection Mode
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
  • Educational measurements and tests
  • Written survey in group situation, further test procedures: work motivation test (after Hennig, W.); progressive matrix test (after Raven); MKA test (after Guthke; shortened and modified version of the intelligence structure test (after Amthauer)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 349
    Number of Variables: 330
The study was conducted in 12 waves (as longitudinal section). The individual waves are archived under ZA Study Nos. 6149 to 6160. The content and methodology of this study were continued in the follow-on Interval Study IS II, conducted in 1979/80 to 1985 with an older (ZA Study Nos. 6161 to 6166) and a younger (6187 to 6192) cohort in 6 waves each. Study 6193 contains the full dataset of the 10th wave of the IS I and is thus more extensive than the corresponding file of the longitudinal section. The plan and structure of the entire Interval Study is presented in detail in the structure summary G01 with the following summaries: summary on conducting the individual survey instruments across the entire panel, summary on assignment of variables to the respective characteristic complexes, summary on the structure of the sample over the entire panel, summary on the structure of the sample relative to the respective characteristic complex as well as pairs and combinations of characteristic complexes within a survey wave.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6193 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • 1 (Type: VerbundFDB)
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  • Müller, H.: Lebensziele der Jugend. Ergebnisse von Forschungen bei Schülern der Klassen 8 bis 10 (IS W/O 1978) im Vergleich mit Untersuchungen bei Lehrlingen/jungen Arbeitern (IS 1975 bis 1977). ZIJ Leipzig 1978. 58 S. - F 78/24.
  • Friedrich, W. und H. Müller (Hrsg.): Zur Psychologie der 12- bis 22jährigen. Resultate einer Intervallstudie. Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften Berlin 1981. 256 S.
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  • Müller, H.: Die Intervallstudien am Zentralinstitut für Jugendforschung Leipzig. In: Brislinger, E., Hausstein, B. und E. Riedel (Hrsg.). Jugend im Osten. Sozialwissenschaftliche Daten und Kontextwissen aus der DDR sowie den neuen Bundesländern (1969-1995); Beiträge eines gemeinsamen Workshops des Zentralarchivs für Empirische Sozialforschung an der Universität zu Köln und des Deutschen Jugendinstituts München in der GESIS-Außenstelle Berlin vom 25. bis 27. Oktober 1995. Berlin: Trafo-Verlag Dr. Wolfgang Weist, 1997. S. 117-123.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 89 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22