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Faktors and Forms of Development of Young People in the GDR (1968 - 1980) IS 1 - 1980 (12th Wave - Cross-Section)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Zentralinstitut für Jugendforschung (ZIJ), Leipzig
Publication Date
  • Zentralinstitut fuer Jugendforschung Leipzig (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Education, School Systems
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Health
    • Political ideology
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Family life and marriage
    • Youth
    • Science and technology
  • Abstract

    Recording typical forms and courses of personality development of GDR-youth in the 70's as well as their significant determinants. Topics: attitude to chosen occupation; reputation of the occupation in public, reasons; attitudes to economical use of material, discipline at work, fulfilling the norm, quality work etc.; life goals, value orientations; factors of stimulus at work; characteristics of activity exercised; job satisfaction; sense of well-being, recognition in work brigade, sense of responsibility; ability to achieve; attitude to FDJ work at work, MMM/innovator movement; self-assessment regarding work performance; realization of work morale normatives; occupational plans - remaining in occupation and company, change; number of jobs up to now; use of forms of further education and qualification; attitude to path of occupation and training; facultative scientific-technical commitment while in school; desire for school with higher demands; highest school degree, final grades in selected subjects; political information practices; preferred mass medium; frequency of use of publications, radio and TV broadcasts, differentiating content; choice of radio and TV station; attitude to life decisions up to now; pride in FDJ membership; participation, interest in various forms of social-political life; military service, soldier for a fixed time; ideological value orientations - identification with the GDR, socialism, communism, protection of the socialist state, the ethic values of socialism; condemning the capitalist social system, the imperialist order in the FRG, image of the enemy; interest in political events; proud citizen; world view, attitude to religiousness of young people, reconciliation of religious activity and progressive views; judgement on one's own socialist class stand, one's own social activity; Life goals and life planning: willingness to fulfill social duty, experience and pleasure in structuring material life, future work, relations to collective, acquiring material things, structuring mental-cultural life, goals of self-realization, good work as ethical principle, effort for other people, sincerity in life, will to self-education, striving for justice, striving for education, single-mindedness, political-philosophical orientations etc.; unrealistic life goals in childhood; desire for children, one's own children; most favorable age of a woman for her 1. child, age at marriage for man and woman; personal age at marriage; employment of spouse; counseling ability of parents regarding structuring leisure time, work morale, child-raising, political-philosophical decisions; recognition of mother and father as model for conduct; parents in the innovator movement; personal share of house work realized; satisfaction with political, technical, social, personal and other conditions such as political development of the GDR, policies regarding the FRG, housing situation, financial situation, material possession, partner relations, possibilities of qualification, social support at work, work activity, life in general etc.; attitude to age at first intimate relations, age of first intimate partner; age at first sexual intercourse; age at first menstruation; participation in projects of the MMM and innovator movement in the last three years; showing the exhibit; international technical knowledge of scientific-technical progress; self-assessment regarding successful technical participation in the MMM; marital status; one's own residence, application for residence, housing conditions, comfort of one's home; employment, personal income and that of partner; apprentice pay in the last year as apprentice; FDJ membership, age at leaving, if appropriate; functions in FDJ, member of the pioneer organization; SED membership; preferred structuring leisure time on weekend; frequency of going to the movies, dance events; reading belletristic books; condition of health; complaints; time lost at work; smoking habits; consumption habits with alcoholic beverages; social class, work area and management function of parents, personal classification of social class; personal occupational qualification; age of parents, attending a grammar school in Leipzig.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980-05 / 1980-06
Geographic Coverage
  • German Democratic Republic (1949-1990) (DDDE)
    GDR: city of Leipzig.
Sampled Universe
31 school classes from 11 schools. Interviewed were young people 21 years old in the 4. or 5. year of employment as well as in the 5. year of studies at university.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Cluster sample
Collection Mode
  • Written survey in group situation, further test procedures: progressive matrix test (after Raven); MKA test (after Guthke); shortened and modified version of the intelligence-structure test (after Amthauer)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 296
    Number of Variables: 263
The study was conducted in 12 waves (as longitudinal section). The individual waves are archived under ZA Study Nos. 6149 to 6160. The content and methodology of this study were continued in the follow-on Interval Study IS II, conducted in 1979/80 to 1985 with an older (ZA Study Nos. 6161 to 6166) and a younger (6187 to 6192) cohort in 6 waves each. Study 6195 contains the complete dataset of the 12th wave of the IS I and is thus more extenive than the corresponding file of the longitudinal section. The plan and structure of the entire Interval Study is presented in detail in the structure summary G01 with the following summaries: summary on conducting the individual survey instruments over the entire panel, summary on assigning the variables to the respective characteristic complexes, summary on the structure of the sample over the entire panel, summary on the structure of the sample regarding the respective characteristics complex as well as pairs and combinations of characteristic complexes within of a survey wave.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6195 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Gehrisch, H.: Entwicklungsformen und Entwicklungsbedingungen von Jugendlichen der DDR im Alter von 16 bis 20 Jahren. 1973-1977. Nutzung von Massenmedien (MKM). Forschungsbericht zur "Intervallstudie Schüler". 7.-10. Etappe. ZIJ Leipzig 1978. 43 S. - F 78/14.
  • Müller, H.: Lebensziele der Jugend. Ergebnisse von Forschungen bei Schülern der Klassen 8 bis 10 (IS W/O 1978) im Vergleich mit Untersuchungen bei Lehrlingen/jungen Arbeitern (IS 1975 bis 1977). ZIJ Leipzig 1978. 58 S. - F 78/24.
  • Friedrich, W. und H. Müller (Hrsg.): Zur Psychologie der 12- bis 22jährigen. Resultate einer Intervallstudie. Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften Berlin 1981. 256 S.
  • Friedrich, W. und H. Müller (Hrsg.): Soziale Psychologie älterer Schüler. Verlag Volk und Wissen Berlin 1983. 208 S.
  • Müller, H.: Zur Untersuchung von Verlaufsformen und Faktoren der Persönlichkeitsentwicklung im Jugendalter. Anlage und Ergebnisse einer Intervallstudie. Dissertation zur Promotion B. Teil 1: Theoretisch-methodologische Grundlegungen für die Untersuchung der Persönlichkeitsentwicklung durch Intervallstudien. 101 S.; Teil 2: Empirische Ergebnisse zur Persönlichkeitsentwicklung bei 12- bis 24jährigen. 113 S.; Anhang 1 zur Dissertation B: Zur Entwicklung von Lebensorientierungen im Jugendalter. 11 S.; Anhang 2 zur Dissertation B: Ziele, Anlage, Methoden und Organisation der Intervallstudie (IS): "Entwicklungsformen und Entwicklungsfaktoren von Jugendlichen in der DDR" einschließlich ausgewählter Beispiele von diagnostischen Verfahren, Literaturverzeichnis. 55 S. KMU Leipzig 1984. - F 84/70.
  • Müller, H.: Die Intervallstudien am Zentralinstitut für Jugendforschung Leipzig. In: Brislinger, E., Hausstein, B. und E. Riedel (Hrsg.). Jugend im Osten. Sozialwissenschaftliche Daten und Kontextwissen aus der DDR sowie den neuen Bundesländern (1969-1995); Beiträge eines gemeinsamen Workshops des Zentralarchivs für Empirische Sozialforschung an der Universität zu Köln und des Deutschen Jugendinstituts München in der GESIS-Außenstelle Berlin vom 25. bis 27. Oktober 1995. Berlin: Trafo-Verlag Dr. Wolfgang Weist, 1997. S. 117-123.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 86 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Zentralinstitut für Jugendforschung (ZIJ), Leipzig (1998): Entwicklungsfaktoren und Entwicklungsformen von Jugendlichen in der DDR (1968 - 1980) IS 1 - 1980 (12. Welle - Querschnitt). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.