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ALLBUS/GGSS (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey) - Sensitive Regional Data

Resource Type
  • GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
Publication Date
  • Allerbeck, Klaus (Universität Frankfurt) (Researcher)
  • Allmendinger, Jutta (Universität München) (Researcher)
  • Andreß, Hans-Jürgen (Universität Köln) (Researcher)
  • Bürklin, Wilhelm (Universität Potsdam) (Researcher)
  • Diekmann, Andreas (ETH Zürich) (Researcher)
  • Feger, Hubert (Freie Universität Berlin) (Researcher)
  • Fetchenhauer, Detlef (Universität Köln) (Researcher)
  • Huinink, Johannes (Universität Bremen) (Researcher)
  • Kiefer, Marie Luise (Universität Wien) (Researcher)
  • Kreuter, Frauke (Universität München) (Researcher)
  • Kurz, Karin (Universität Göttingen) (Researcher)
  • Kühnel, Steffen (Universität Göttingen) (Researcher)
  • Lepsius, M. Rainer (Universität Heidelberg) (Researcher)
  • Liebig, Stefan (Universität Bielefeld) (Researcher)
  • Mayer, Karl Ulrich (Max Planck Institut, Berlin) (Researcher)
  • Meulemann, Heiner (Universität Köln) (Researcher)
  • Müller, Walter (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Opp, Karl Dieter (Universität Leipzig) (Researcher)
  • Pappi, Franz Urban (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Scheuch, Erwin K. (Universität Köln) (Researcher)
  • Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Solga, Heike (Universität Göttingen) (Researcher)
  • Trappe, Heike (Universität Rostock) (Researcher)
  • Wagner, Michael (Universität Köln) (Researcher)
  • Westle, Bettina (Universität Marburg) (Researcher)
  • Ziegler, Rolf (Universität München) (Researcher)
  • GETAS, Bremen (1980-84) GFM-GETAS (IPSOS), Hamburg (1988, 1998) INFAS, Bonn (1990, 2002) Infratest, Munich (1986, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1996, 2000) TNS Infratest, Munich (2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014) (Data Collector)
  • Abstract

    This data set contains the following sensitive regional variables (both key numbers and names) which are not included in the regular Use Files available in the GESIS Data Catalogue (DBK) for data protection reasons: • Administrative district (Regierungsbezirk, since 1980) • Spatial planning region (Raumordnungsregion, since 1994) • Urban and rural district/county (Land-/Kreis und kreisfreie Stadt, seit 1994) • Municipality (Gemeinde, since 1994) • Post code (Postleitzahl, 1998 & since 2006) In addition, this data set contains information on the size and the BIK-type of the respondent´s municipality which was anomynized in the regular Use Files for some cases in the survey waves of 2004, 2006 and 2008. The required regional variables of this data set can be merged with the individual cross-sectional ALLBUS studies or ALLBUS cumulations via the identification number of the respondents by FDZ (Research Data Center) ALLBUS. This sensitive data is subject to a special access restriction and can only be used within the scope of an on-site use in the Secure Data Center (SDC) in Cologne. Further information and contact persons can be found on our website: In order to take into account changes in the territorial status of the regional units (e. g. district reforms, municipality incorporations), the regional variables are offered as time-harmonized variables as of December 31,2013 in addition to the status as of December 31 of the previous year of survey. If you want to use the regional variables to add additional context characteristics (regional attributes such as unemployment rate or election turnout, for example), you have to send us this data before your visit. In addition, we require a reference and documentation (description of variables) of the data. Note that this context data may be as sensitive as the regional variables if direct assignment is possible. Due to data protection it is problematic if individual characteristics can be assigned to specific regional units – and therefore ultimately to the individual respondents – even without the ALLBUS dataset by means of a table of correspondence. Accordingly, the publication of (descriptive) analysis results based on such contextual data is only possible in a coarsened form. Please contact the ALLBUS User Service first and send us the filled ALLBUS regional data form (see ´Data & Documents´), specifying exactly which ALLBUS datasets and regional variables you need. Contact: As soon as you have clarified with the ALLBUS user service which exact regional features are to be made available for on-site use, the data use agreement for the use of the data at an SDC guest workstation (Safe Room) in Cologne will be sent to you. Please specify all data sets you need, i.e. both the ´ALLBUS Sensitive Regional Data (ZA5260)´ and the Scientific Use Files to which the regional variables are to be assigned. Furthermore, under ´Specific variables´, please name all the regional variables you need (see ALLBUS regional data form).
Temporal Coverage
  • 1980-01 / 1980-02
  • 1982-02 / 1982-05
  • 1984-03 / 1984-06
  • 1986-03 / 1986-05
  • 1988-04 / 1988-07
  • 1990-03 / 1990-05
  • 1991-05 / 1991-07
  • 1992-05 / 1992-06
  • 1994-02 / 1994-05
  • 1996-03 / 1996-06
  • 1998-03 / 1998-07
  • 2000-01 / 2000-07
  • 2002-02 / 2002-08
  • 2004-03 / 2004-07
  • 2006-03 / 2006-08
  • 2008-03 / 2008-08
  • 2010-05 / 2010-11
  • 2012-04 / 2012-09
  • 2014-03 / 2014-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
    (until 1990: West Germany including West Berlin)
Sampled Universe
Private households with persons who were at least 18 years of age
Household samples: From 1980 to 1992 and in 1998, a multi-stage random sample of private households was conducted addressing all persons who were at least 18 years of age (ADM Sample Design). Samples of individuals: In 1994, 1996, and from 2000 a two-stage, disproportionate random sample was conducted in West Germany (including West Berlin) and East Germany (including East Berlin), comprising all persons living in private households who were at least 18 years old on 1 January of the year of the survey. In the first sample stage municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and municipalities in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage individual persons were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents. As of 1991 the ALLBUS sample also includes foreigners living in Germany. Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.
Collection Mode
  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI – Paper and Pencil Interviewing; since 2000: CAPI – Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing), supplementary data from accompanying ISSP surveys (self-completion questionnaires, drop off).
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 61194
    Number of Variables: 19
These sensitive geographical data are made available to researchers only under special contract with RDC ALLBUS (restricted use files (RUF)). If you are interested in using these data please contact RDC ALLBUS.
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5260 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • ALLBUS (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11639
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11565
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.11516
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina 2004: Der ALLBUS als Instrument zur Untersuchung sozialen Wandels: Eine Zwischenbilanz nach 20 Jahren, In: Schmitt-Beck, Rüdiger; Wasmer, Martina; Koch, Achim (Hg.), Sozialer und politischer Wandel in Deutschland: Analysen mit ALLBUS-Daten aus zwei Jahrzehnten. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften: 13 - 42.
  • Terwey, Michael 2000: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey, in: Schmollers Jahrbuch 120: 151 - 158.
  • Terwey, Michael; Baumann, Horst; Blohm, Michael 2011: Forschungsdatenzentrum ALLBUS Jahresbericht 2010, Berichtszeitraum 01.01.2010-31.12.2010. GESIS Technical Reports 2011/03. Bonn: GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften.

Update Metadata: 2018-02-06 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2017-11-30

GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften (2017): Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften ALLBUS - Sensitive Regionaldaten. Version: 3.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.