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A Multi-Method, Multi-Site Study of Gang Desistance, United States, 2012

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Esbensen, Finn-Aage
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2017-12-08
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
gangs; neighborhood conditions; parental attitudes; peer groups; police community relations
Description
  • Abstract

    These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. These data were collected as part of an effort to gain a more in depth understanding of the processes surrounding disengagement from a youth gang, and come from structured interviews with their parent or guardian. The interview included such topics as parental monitoring practices, attitudes about the youth's peer group, and perceptions about the neighborhood. Study participants lived in seven geographically diverse cities in the United States, making it one of few multi-site studies of gangs or gang members.
  • Abstract

    The project is a multi-method, multi-site study of gang desistance that expands on the longitudinal evaluation (2006 - 2011) of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program. The quantitative G.R.E.A.T. component includes six waves of data that were used to examine trends and patterns associated with gang desistance. The project's qualitative component consists of in-depth interviews with youth identified as gang members in the G.R.E.A.T. data. Study participants lived in seven geographically diverse cities in the United States. Structured interviews were conducted with parents with the main purpose to gain parental consent but also to obtain information regarding parental monitoring practices, attitudes about the youth's peer group, and perception about the neighborhood.
  • Methods

    Data collection took place during May through August of 2012 after most youth had finished their junior year (approximately 18 months after the last G.R.E.A.T. data collection). Given relatively high mobility rates, a number of techniques were used to locate youth, including sending letters via USPS, contacting neighbors and leasing offices, searching for a new address via the white pages, and social media (e.g., Facebook, MySpace, Twitter). Interviewers completed a two-day training prior to data collection. Once in the field, interviews were conducted between 10:30 a.m. and sundown (usually around 7:00 p.m.). To avoid interviewer fatigue, researchers conducted a maximum of three interviews per day and, to reduce potential interviewer effect, no interviewer completed more than 20 interviews in a site. Interviews were conducted and transcribed by the same researcher (when possible) using transcription software.
  • Methods

    Variables describing the parent include age, race, marital status and education. Other variables describe opinions on and aspects of their neighborhood, attitudes towards interpersonal respect and violence, and attitudes towards police officers. In addition, variables encoding responses regarding their child describe school habits, peers, and household dynamics.
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: A Likert-type scale was used.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Response rate for parents who participated in the study is 60.2%
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2012
  • Collection date: 2012-05--2012-08
  • 2012-05 / 2012-08
Geographic Coverage
  • Albuquerque
  • Chicago
  • Colorado
  • Dallas
  • Illinois
  • Nashville
  • New Mexico
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Philadelphia
  • Portland (Oregon)
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Parents of students who were surveyed and interviewed as part of the second national G.R.E.A.T. evaluation and the Multi-Method, Multi-Site Study of Gang Desistance Smallest Geographic Unit: None
Sampling
Sample selection was purposive to include a range of youth who were stable, transient, recent, and distant gang members as well as youth who did not identify as being in a gang but fit the Eurogang criteria. The parents of these youth were interviewed for this study.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
  • on-site questionnaire
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2011-MU-MU-0027).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36446 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2017-12-08 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2017-12-08

Esbensen, Finn-Aage (2017): A Multi-Method, Multi-Site Study of Gang Desistance, United States, 2012. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36446.v1