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Randomized controlled trial of a couples-based intervention to increase testing for HIV among heterosexual couples (CIC) 2012-14 in Vulindlela, South Africa

Version
1.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Van Rooyen, Heidi Eve
  • Human Sciences Research Council
Publication Date
2017-12-15
Embargo End Date
2017-12-08
Contributor
  • Human Sciences Research Council (Producer)
Funding Reference
  • National Institute of Mental Health
Free Keywords
Schema: UK DATA ARCHIVE - HASSET
HETEROSEXUAL COUPLES; HIV PREVENTION; HIV/AIDS PREVALENCE; SATISFACTION LEVEL; SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
Description
  • Abstract

    Description: This dataset contains the responses of couples who participated in the randomised controlled trial of a Couples-based intervention study. The questionnaire includes measurement of relationship domains such as satisfaction and communication, and measures pertaining to HIV and reproductive health (e.g., fertility intentions, HIV knowledge and risk perception, and sexual behaviour) and demographics. The data contains 438 variables and 350 cases.

    Abstract: The prevalence for HIV in South Africa is 18% among 15-49 year old adults and 30% among female antenatal clinic attendees, indicating continuing need for effective HIV prevention. Further, recent studies in sub-Saharan Africa found 60-94% of new HIV infections are occurring within married or co- habiting heterosexual partnerships. In South Africa, rates of testing for HIV are low, and presence of outside partners is high. Couples-based voluntary counselling and testing (CVCT) is a proven strategy to reduce the risk of HIV transmission between partners due to both partners learning their own and their partner's HIV status. However, uptake of couples-based VCT has often been low. These findings signal the need for HIV prevention interventions that: 1) target couples; 2) increase uptake of couples-based VCT; and 3) examine the role of relationship factors on testing and sexual behaviours. To address this need, this study will test the efficacy of a behavioural intervention program to increase uptake for couples-based VCT and reduce sexual risk behaviour for HIV among couples living in Vulindlela, South Africa. We conducted a behavioural intervention using randomized controlled trial design with a 9-month post-intervention follow-up with 350 Heterosexual couples in Vulindlela. To test the efficacy of a theory-based and culturally appropriate couples-based intervention on the following outcomes: 1. rates of testing for HIV 2. Sexual risk behaviour for HIV (with primary and any concurrent partners). Secondary to that we wanted to evaluate the extent to which hypothesized mediating factors (e.g. Relationship dynamics) explain the major outcomes and the extent to which the intervention affects these factors. Important variables included in the dataset are Demographics, Relationship history, satisfaction and trust, power dynamics within the couple, sexual behaviour and HIV status.

Temporal Coverage
  • 2012 / 2013
Geographic Coverage
  • South Africa (ZA)
Sampled Universe
The target population for the project were all couples over the age of 18 living in Mpumuza and Vulindlela (Msuduzi Municipality).
Sampling
This is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the proposed intervention with a comparison group. Following screening, participants in both conditions participated in the first group workshop session. Couples were subsequently randomized to intervention or comparison group. We followed participants for 9 months post-completion of randomization, as outlined in the study timeline. Our primary outcomes of interest are rates of testing for HIV and sexual risk behaviour. Couples who were eligible to enrol in the behavioural intervention arrived together to the study site for their baseline assessment. When couples arrived, they were separated and escorted to separate and private interview rooms by a gender-matched interviewer. Before couples were separated, study staff informed the couple that they may contact the staff member who interviewed them, but they would not be permitted to have contact with the interviewer who administered the survey to their partner. Couples were consented individually, once they had entered their individual interview rooms. The baseline assessment took approximately 60 minutes to complete. The questionnaire included measures of relationship domains such as satisfaction and communication, and measures pertaining to HIV and reproductive health (e.g., fertility intentions, HIV knowledge and risk perception, and sexual behaviour). After participants completed the assessment, interviewers escorted them to the lobby where they met their partner and scheduled their first group session. Couples were informed that both partners had to arrive together in order to participate in the first group session. Each partner also received a reimbursement of R80
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross-section
    Longitudinal: Trend/Repeated cross section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Psychological measurements
Availability
Download
Rights
By accessing the data, you give assurance that The data and documentation will not be duplicated, redistributed or sold without prior approval from the rights holder. The data will be used for scientific research or educational purposes only. The data will only be used for the specified purpose. If it is used for another purpose the additional purpose will be registered. Redundant data files will be destroyed. The confidentiality of individuals/organisations in the data will be preserved at all times. No attempt will be made to obtain or derive information from the data to identify individuals/organisations. The HSRC will be acknowledged in all published and unpublished works based on the data according to the provided citation. The HSRC will be informed of any books, articles, conference papers, theses, dissertations, reports or other publications resulting from work based in whole or in part on the data and documentation. For archiving and bibliographic purposes an electronic copy of all reports and publications based on the requested data will be sent to the HSRC. To offer for deposit into the HSRC Data Collection any new data sets which have been derived from or which have been created by the combination of the data supplied with other data. The data team bears no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses. Failure to comply with the End User License may result in sanctions being imposed.
Other

Update Metadata: 2019-12-14 | Issue Number: 641 | Registration Date: 2017-12-18

Van Rooyen, Heidi Eve; Human Sciences Research Council (2017): Randomized controlled trial of a couples-based intervention to increase testing for HIV among heterosexual couples (CIC) 2012-14 in Vulindlela, South Africa. Version: 1.0. HSRC - Human Science Research Council SA. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.14749/1509368140