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Examining the Effects of the TASER on Cognitive Functioning, Arizona, 2012-2013

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : experimental data
Creator
  • White, Michael D.
  • Ready, Justin T,
  • Kane, Robert J.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2017-12-20
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
cognitive functioning; cognitive impairment; police weapons
Description
  • Abstract

    These data are part of NACJD's Fast Track Release and are distributed as they were received from the data depositor. The files have been zipped by NACJD for release, but not checked or processed except for the removal of direct identifiers. Users should refer to the accompanying readme file for a brief description of the files available with this collection and consult the investigator(s) if further information is needed. These data were collected as part of an effort to investigate the effects of the TASER on cognitive functioning. To explore this issue, the authors carried out a pilot study with 21 police recruits who received a TASER exposure as part of their training at the San Bernardino County (CA) Training Center. Following the pilot study, the researchers conducted a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) where healthy human volunteers were randomly assigned to four groups, two of which received a TASER exposure. Participants completed a battery of cognitive tests before and after receiving their assigned treatment.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether TASER exposure produces deficits in cognitive functioning, and if so, to characterize the duration and severity of those effects.
  • Methods

    The researchers in the current study investigated the effects of the TASER on cognitive functioning using a two phase approach. First, the researchers carried out a pilot study that examined the effects of the TASER on cognitive functioning among a sample of police recruits who were scheduled to be "tased" as part of their academy training. Each of the recruits was asked to complete a series of cognitive tests at three points in time: three to four hours prior to the TASER exposure; immediately after the TASER exposure; and again 24 hours later. Second the researchers carried out a Randomized Control Test (RCT) where healthy human volunteers were randomly assigned to one of four research conditions: 1) Baseline, no physical exertion and no TASER exposure; 2) Treatment 1, physical exertion only; 3) Treatment 2, TASER exposure only; 4) Treatment 3, physical exertion and TASER exposure. Each participant completed a series of validated cognitive tests that measure levels of memory, concentration, speed of learning, auditory comprehension and motor skills. The tests were completed by each participant at five points in time before and after the assigned treatment conditions.
  • Methods

    The collection includes two SPSS datasets. Data file Pilot Study Data File.sav (n=21)contains 104 variables collected in the Pilot Study. Almost all variables are the results on the cognitive tests measuring memory, concentration, speed of learning, auditory comprehension and motor skills, pre and post TASER exposure.; Data file RCT Data File.sav (n=203) contains 449 variables collected in the Randomized Control Trial. The bulk of variables are the results of cognitive tests with dates of testing. Variables describe which treatment group the person was assigned to and whether all testing completed. No demographic variables are included.;
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: This study used standardized cognitive functioning tests including: Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT); Digit Span Subtest; Digit Symbol Subtest; Trail Making Test A and B; Halstead Finger Tapping Test;
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2012--2013
  • 2012 / 2013
  • Collection date: 2012-04-24--2013-04-30
  • 2012-04-24 / 2013-04-30
Geographic Coverage
  • Arizona
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Pilot Study: Officers of the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department undergoing mandatory TASER training. Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT): Healthy individuals between 18-65 years old who read and understand the English language. Smallest Geographic Unit: None
Sampling
No sampling was involved. This study used an experimental design on police recruits who were going to be tasered as part of their instruction and volunteers who did not have medical conditions that would introduce confounding effects.
Collection Mode
  • cognitive assessment test
Note
Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2011-IJ-CX-0102).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36150 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2017-12-20 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2017-12-20

White, Michael D.; Ready, Justin T,; Kane, Robert J. (2017): Examining the Effects of the TASER on Cognitive Functioning, Arizona, 2012-2013. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36150.v1