Eurobarometer 81.4 (2014)

Version
3.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 81 (Alternative Title)
  • Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, and Living Conditions (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2018-01-04
Contributor
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research , Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • Capacent, Reykjavik, Iceland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (for Serbia and Montenegro) (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Economics
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic systems and development
    • Economic policy
Description
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study all question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context: 1. Standard EU and trend questions, 2. Europe 2020 strategy, 3. Financial and economic crisis, 4. European citizenship, 5. Living conditions in the EU. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): life satisfaction; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, quality of life in the own country, quality of life in the EU; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing; trust in selected institutions: political parties, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations, regional or local public authorities; image of the EU; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU: modern, democratic, protective, efficient, bureaucratic, remote; approval of the following statements on the EU: creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, is responsible for austerity in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy, will emerge fairer from the crisis, makes the financial sector behave more responsibly, makes the cost of living cheaper in Europe, makes quality of life better in Europe, helps tackle global threats and challenges, helps protect its citizens, needs a clearer message; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions : European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of the members of the European Parliament by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states, further enlargement, common defence and security policy; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU, further development into federation of nation states, more decisions to be taken at EU level, need for a united Europe; current and prioritized main objective in building Europe; optimism about the future of the EU. 2. Europe 2020 strategy: likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges. 3. Financial and economic crisis: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; most effective institution to fight the effects of the financial and economic crisis: national government, EU, United States, G20, International Monetary Fund; approval of the following statements: own country needs reforms to face the future, EU member states should increase cooperation to tackle financial and economic crisis, measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed, measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now, EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally; assessment of the effectiveness of selected measures to tackle the current financial and economic crisis: more important role for the EU in regulating financial services, EU approval in advance of member states’ government budgets, fines for governments spending or borrowing too much, central supervision of banking system at EU level; approval of introducing a tax on financial transactions or Eurobonds. 4. European citizenship: approval of the following statements: feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; desired additional information on citizens’ rights; feeling of national and / or European identity; most positive results of the EU; personal benefit from the following EU achievements: reduced border controls, improved consumer rights when shopping in another EU country, cheaper calls when using a mobile phone in another EU country, receiving medical assistance in another EU country, strengthened rights of air transport passengers, working, living, or studying in another EU country, less expensive flights and wider choice of airlines; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens; values that best represent the EU. 5. Living conditions in the EU: satisfaction with selected issues of daily life: own house or flat, quality of life in residential area, own standard of living, own state of health, time for personal interests; most important things for getting ahead in life; applicability of the following to the national social welfare system: provides wide enough coverage, could serve as a model for other countries, too expensive for national society; feeling of safety in residential area; approval of the following statements: feeling to be left out of society, feeling of being looked down upon because of income or job situation, risk of falling into poverty; preferred statement: anyone is at risk of poverty at some time in their lives, risk of poverty is confined to certain groups of people. Demography: nationality; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, Internet connection, possession of a car, a flat / a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; self-rated social position (scale); internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; frequency of political discussions about local, national, and European matters with friends and relatives. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-14
    total
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Belgium
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Bulgaria
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Czech Republic
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Denmark
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Germany
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Estonia
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Ireland
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Greece
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Spain
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    France
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Croatia
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Italy
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Republic of Cyprus
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Latvia
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Lithuania
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Luxembourg
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Hungary
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Malta
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Netherlands
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Austria
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Poland
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Portugal
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Romania
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-10
    Slovenia
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-10
    Slovakia
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-10
    Finland
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-12
    Sweden
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-14
    United Kingdom
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Turkish Cypriot Community
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-10
    Turkey
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Iceland
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Montenegro
  • 2014-05-31 / 2014-06-09
    Serbia
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in the five candidate countries (Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Serbia) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 32689
    Number of Variables: 610
Note
All question modules are asked in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicate questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 80.1 [ZA5876]. Category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably, except for Germany. Categories for all other countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area - Towns and suburbs / small urban area - Cities / large urban areas). For TURKEY the data provided by TNS do not match with the new scheme, but most likely appear to match with the former 5-point scheme. Value labels applied in former versions were not correct and non-matching data were coded to ´99´ (SYSTEM MISSING in the original data set). Variable p6tr has been reconstructed by the archive for dataset version v3-0-0 using SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in a former integrated variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme. Category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia and Croatia. Data for protocol variables p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview), p3 (duration of interview), p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available. Two duplicate cases (one doublet) in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables (except qd5_1) and demographics have been identified for Austria. The corresponding case id variables are not identical. UNIQID is coded ‘12002223’/’12002585’. CASEID is coded ‘2223’/’2585’. An dataset update has been provided by TNS and all populations size weighting variables, protocol variables p4 and p5, a few corrected variables (d8, qa12_6, qd7.4, qd7.14) and slightly differently constructed variables (gen1, gen3, gen6) have subsequently been merged into the first dataset release (v1.0.0) by the archive.
Availability
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Rights
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5928 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi:10.3886/ICPSR36660.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12201
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12170
Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Europeans, the European Union and the crisis. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Europe 2020. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 81. Spring 2014. Living conditions in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication "Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer" Unit. Brussels, July 2014.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2018-01-04