European Parliament Election Study 2009, Candidate Study - Full Version

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Weßels, Bernhard, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Berlin
Other Title
  • European Election Study 2009 (Alternative Title)
  • EES Candidate Study (Alternative Title)
Publication Date
  • Weßels, Bernhard (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Berlin) (Researcher)
  • Schmitt, Hermann (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Wüst, Andreas (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Giebler, Heiko (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB), Berlin) (Researcher)
  • Kritzinger, Silvia (University of Vienna, Austria) (Researcher)
  • de Winter, Lieven (University of Louvain, Belgium) (Researcher)
  • Cholova, Blagovesta (Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium (for Bulgarian data)) (Researcher)
  • Papageorgiou, Bambos (European University Cyprus, Cyprus) (Researcher)
  • Linek, Lukáš (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic) (Researcher)
  • Klemmensen, Robert (University of Southern Denmark, Denmark) (Researcher)
  • Ehin, Piret (University of Tartu, Estonia) (Researcher)
  • Mattila, Mikko (University of Helsinki, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Raunio, Tapio (University of Tampere, Finland) (Researcher)
  • Rozenberg, Olivier (Sciences Po, France) (Researcher)
  • Chadjipandelis, Theodore (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece) (Researcher)
  • Teperoglou, Eftichia (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece) (Researcher)
  • Enyedi, Zsolt (Central European University, Hungary) (Researcher)
  • Marsh, Michael (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Sudulich, Maria Laura (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland) (Researcher)
  • Andretta, Massimiliano (University of Pisa, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Bardi, Luciano (University of Pisa, Italy) (Researcher)
  • Ikstens, Janis (University of Latvia, Latvia) (Researcher)
  • Krupavicius, Algis (Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania) (Researcher)
  • Dumont, Patrick (University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg) (Researcher)
  • Spreitzer, Astrid (University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg) (Researcher)
  • Fenech, Dominic (University of Malta, Malta) (Researcher)
  • Rosema, Martin (University of Twente, Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Czesnik, Mikolaj (Polish Academy of Science, Poland) (Researcher)
  • Freire, André (Lisbon University Institute, Portugal) (Researcher)
  • Popescu, Marina (University of Essex, United Kingdom (for Romanian data)) (Researcher)
  • Gyarfasova, Olga (Institute for Public Affairs (IVO), Slovakia) (Researcher)
  • Toplak, Cirila (University of Ljubljana, Slovenia) (Researcher)
  • Molina, Ignacio (Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain) (Researcher)
  • Sanz Cazorla, Alberto (Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain) (Researcher)
  • Haglund, Louise (Göteborg University, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Holmberg, Sören (Göteborg University, Sweden) (Researcher)
  • Saalfeld, Thomas (University of Kent, United Kingdom) (Researcher)
  • Social Science Research Centre Berlin (WZB) iVox, Brussels (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Political Parties, Organizations
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Elections
  • Abstract

    European Election Study 2009: Attitudes towards political issues, value orientations, political background and experience of candidates for the EU-Parliament. Political career. Topics: Party ID: Party membership, year of ascendance, EP party group. Engagement and mobilization: Date of nomination; start of campaign and full-time campaigning; time exposure for campaigning by instrument (candidate and team); policy issues emphasized in campaign; focus of campaign (personal qualifications, local points of view, party’s election program and specific issues); amount of campaign budget; size of campaign team; aim of campaign (personalised vs. party campaign). Media Usage: Usage of campaign instruments; importance of media for election. Institutions: Attitude towards European Institutions; attitudes towards the power of the EP; satisfaction with the democracy in one`s own country and EU. EU integration: European identity (scale); attitude towards country membership in the EU; attitude towards enlargement and towards deepening; candidate’s and party’s position towards European unification; decisions by EU in the interest of respondent`s country. Value orientations: Self-assessment on a left-right continuum; views on political issues. Domestic and European issues: Most important issues; actual level dealing with the most important issues; appropriate level to deal with most important issues; appropriate level to deal with different policy areas. Representation: Importance of the representation of selected groups in the European Parliament (complete population in Europe, national population, the own party voters, population in the region, national party, the own European parliament group, women, elderly people, workers, young ones, disadvantaged people, minorities). Identity: Attitudes towards European identity. Demographics: Sex; age (year of birth); country of origin, present nationality and at the time of birth; country of origin of mother and father; identification with one`s own nationality, another group or both; marital status; highest school-leaving qualification (ISCED); present employment situation as well as immediate before the election with a full time mandate; occupational sector; self-assessment of social class; duration of living at the place of residence; denomination; church attendance; self-assessment of religiousness; assessment of the standard of living in the family of the origin. Recruitment and nomination of candidate: Encouragement to stand; nomination (level); who has nominated the candidate; alternatives for nomination; importance of certain groups supporting the candidate in the nomination process; political experience; membership; career aspiration.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2009-06-02 / 2010-02-20
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
Sampled Universe
Candidates for the 2009 European Parliament Election
Sampling Procedure Comment: Sample selection method: All candidates of a party on a list position which does not exceed 125 percent of the country’s seats in the European Parliament are defined as relevant. If the number of candidates exceeded the threshold, the inclusion of candidates is based on the respective party list position. Avoiding a too strict rule, all parties are included, which receive votes equal to half of the nation‐wide electoral threshold. More than 260 parties have been identified to be relevant parties. In regard to relevant candidates, 6558 candidates for the 2009 European Parliament Election were identified as relevant.
Collection Mode
  • Mail survey or online survey with standardized questionnaire
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 307
The survey among candidates was conducted in dual mode, i.e. mail questionnaire and web-based survey. The choice of the mode was left to the candidates. The mail survey has been administered centrally by the Social Science Research Centre Berlin (WZB), the web-based survey platform was provided by iVox, Brussels. After completing the English master questionnaire, existing translations of questions into languages relevant for the PIREDEU project were collected if possible. It was carefully noted whether there have been changes to the original wording or whether the items were used identically. For a detailed description of the development and translation of the questionnaire see the EECS 2009 Methodological Annex. Basic fieldwork time: 02.06.2009 - 15.11.2009 Second fieldwork period to increase the number of elected candidates: 20.11.2009 - 20.02.2010
C - Data and documents are only released for academic research and teaching after the data depositor’s written authorization. For this purpose the Data Archive obtains a written permission with specification of the user and the analysis intention.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5053 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Giebler, Heiko; Weßels, Bernhard: 2009 European Election Candidate Study: Methodological Annex. Berlin: Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB)
  • Giebler, Heiko; Haus, Elmar; Weßels, Bernhard: 2009 European Election Candidate Study: Codebook (Advanced Release, V2). Berlin: Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 15 | Registration Date: 2018-01-15