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Bridging the Gap, Elementary School Data (Food and Fitness Survey)

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Chaloupka, Frank
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
children; educational facilities; elementary schools; food; nutrition; physical activity; physical fitness; private schools; public schools; school districts; school lunches; school vending machines; schools
  • Abstract

    The Food and Fitness Survey is part of the larger Bridging the Gap (BTG) research program, which is a research initiative funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The primary goals of the Food and Fitness survey project were to obtain nationally representative information on school practices, and to obtain information about the association between district-level wellness policies and practices in those schools. Food and Fitness involved annual surveys of school-level respondents at elementary schools from the 2006-07 to the 2012-13 school years. This study contains data from these surveys for public and private elementary schools from the 2006-07 to the 2012-13 school years. Topics of the surveys include school characteristics, school meal options and prices, food advertisements in schools, food practices in classrooms and school functions, meal times during the day, physical education facilities and curriculum, methods of transportation to and from school, school wellness policies, school beverage guidelines, the "Nutritional Guidelines for Competitive Foods", school vending machines, and a la carte as well as school store food and beverage offerings.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Response rates vary annually.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Public Schools Year 1 (2006-2007 school year)
    • DS2: Private Schools Year 1 (2006-2007 school year)
    • DS3: Public Schools Year 2 (2007-2008 school year)
    • DS4: Private Schools Year 2 (2007-2008 school year)
    • DS5: Public Schools Year 3 (2008-2009 school year)
    • DS6: Private Schools Year 3 (2008-2009 school year)
    • DS7: Public Schools Year 4 (2009-2010 school year)
    • DS8: Private Schools Year 4 (2009-2010 school year)
    • DS9: Public Schools Year 5 (2010-2011 school year)
    • DS10: Private Schools Year 5 (2010-2011 school year)
    • DS11: Public Schools Year 6 (2011-2012 school year)
    • DS12: Private Schools Year 6 (2011-2012 school year)
    • DS13: Public Schools Year 7 (2012-2013 school year)
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2006--2013
  • 2006 / 2013
  • Collection date: 2006--2013
  • 2006 / 2013
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Public and private elementary schools in the United States Smallest Geographic Unit: census region
For public schools, a two-stage selection approach was used, with a nationally-representative sample of districts selected first, followed by a sample of schools from within those districts. In Years 1-5 the sampling approach used a probability proportional to size (pps) method, switching to a stratified simple random sample (stsrs) for Years 6-8. The private school sample was drawn using a single stage probability proportional to size (pps) design in which the measure of size variable was the number of grade 3 students enrolled in the school.
Collection Mode
  • mail questionnaire
  • web-based survey
Funding insitution(s): Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Bridging the Gap).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36356 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36356.v1

Update Metadata: 2018-01-15 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2018-01-15

Chaloupka, Frank (2018): Bridging the Gap, Elementary School Data (Food and Fitness Survey). Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.