Social Position Inequality Perceptions and Redistributive Preferences
- Choi, Gwangeun (University of Essex)
AbstractThe standard model of redistribution posits that attitudes towards redistribution are driven by economic self-interest. From a social psychological perspective, however, subjective social status rather than material wealth is relevant basis for self-interest that is closely associated with policy preferences. This inquiry compares these two different approaches and further explores the role of individuals’ inequality perceptions including perceptions of inequality norms, which researchers have paid little attention to, in shaping individual preferences for redistribution. For the empirical analysis, the new measures of perceived actual inequality, perceived normative inequality, and perceived injustice have been developed with the aim to overcome the limitations of the existing measures of perceived inequality. The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) micro-data are used to create the measures, which cover 31 OECD countries over the four waves: 1987, 1992, 1999, and 2009. The empirical evidence shows that the effect of subjective social position is stronger than that of objective income position in determining redistributive preferences. The current findings also demonstrate that individuals’ inequality norms play a more crucial role in preference formation than does their perception of actual inequality, which sheds new light on another facet of inequality perceptions at the individual level.
1987-01-01 / 2009-12-31Time Period: Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1987--Thu Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2009
Update Metadata: 2018-01-18 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2018-01-18