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European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks 2009 (ESENER-1)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Irastorza, Xabier; Cockburn, William; Cavet, Marine
Publication Date
2018-01-18
Contributor
  • Cockburn, William (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)) (Researcher)
  • Irastorza, Xabier (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)) (Researcher)
  • Rial Gonzalez, Eusebio (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)) (Researcher)
  • Riedmann, Arnold (TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, München) (Researcher)
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, München (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
    • Medicine
Description
  • Abstract

    Objective: The European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) asks establishments about the way they manage occupational safety and health (OSH) in practice, with a particular focus on psychosocial risks, i.e. work-related stress, violence and harassment. Method: ESENER-1 was conducted in spring 2009 in establishments with ten or more employees from both private and public organisations across all sectors of economic activity except for agriculture, forestry and fishing (NACE A), private households (NACE T) and extraterritorial organisations (NACE U). In total, nearly 29,000 establishments were interviewed across 31 European countries— all EU Member States plus Norway, Switzerland and Turkey. In each establishment the highest-ranking manager responsible for OSH was interviewed. Additionally, an interview with the workers´ health and safety representative was carried out in those establishments where (1) a management interview had been completed; (2) a formally designated representative with specific responsibility for the safety and health of workers was appointed; and (3) permission for the interview had been granted by the management respondent. By country, the samples ranged from about 340 in Malta to 1,560 in Spain. Data were collected through computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Fieldwork was carried out by TNS Deutschland GmbH and its network of fieldwork centres across Europe. Samples were drawn according to a disproportional sample design which was later redressed by weighting. Questionnaire content: The questionnaire was developed by a team comprising experts in survey design and in OSH (particularly psychosocial risks), together with EU-OSHA staff and it explores in detail four areas of OSH: (1) the general approach in the establishment to managing OSH, (2) how the ‘emerging’ area of psychosocial risks is addressed, (3) the main drivers and barriers to the management of OSH and (4) how worker participation in OSH management is managed in practice. A: Management Interview 1. Background information on the company: establishment is an independent company or organisation or one of several different establishments; headquarters or subsidiary site; number of employees (size of establishment); establishment belongs to the public sector; foundation of the establishment before 1990, between 1990 and 2005 or after 2005; proportion of female employees, of employees aged 50 and over and of employees of other nationalities in the company (open and categorized); comparison of the rate of absence due to illness compared with other companies in the sector; assessment of the economic situation of the company. 2. General health and safety management in this establishment: use of various health and safety services (e. g. occupational health doctor, etc.); routine analysis of the causes of sickness absence; measures to support the reintegration of employees after a long illness; health of employees is monitored through regular medical examinations; documented policy, established management system or action plan on health and safety at work; impact of this policy on health and safety at work; reasons why no documented policy, established management system or action plan exists in the company; frequency of health protection and safety issues at management level; rating of the degree of involvement of supervisors on the aforementioned topic; regular checks of workplaces as part of a risk assessment; carrying out of risk assessments by own employees or external service providers; opportunity to carry out such hazard assessments; routinely checked areas; measures taken as a result of the checks; reasons why there are no regular checks; review of health and safety and working conditions by the trade supervisory authority or the employers´ liability insurance association in the last 3 years; importance of selected reasons for addressing health and safety issues; difficulties in addressing health and safety issues; access to information on health and safety at work for selected bodies and institutions; knowledge of the European Week for Safety and Health at Work; importance of selected topics (e. g. health and safety in the workplace, hazardous substances, industrial accidents, etc.). 3. Management of psychosocial risks in the company: types of psychosocial risks in the workplace; existence of a procedure for dealing with work-related stress, mobbing and harassment and violence at the workplace; operational measures for dealing with psychosocial risks; intervention by the enterprise in the event of overtime or irregular working hours by individuals; informing employees about psychosocial risks and their impact on health and safety; informing employees about contact persons in the event of work-related psychosocial problems; reasons for the company to deal with psychosocial risks; assessing the effectiveness of workplace measures in dealing with psychosocial risks; and the role of employees in the measures to be taken: consultation of employees; encouragement of active participation in the implementation and evaluation of measures. 4: Barriers and support in dealing with psychosocial risks: dealing with psychosocial risks is more difficult compared to other health protection issues; factors that make it particularly difficult to deal with psychosocial risks in one´s own company; use of information or help from external sources; need for additional information or support; evaluation of additional information as helpful for the company; areas in which such information or support would make sense. 5: Formal employee representation in matters of health and safety at work: works council or works council in the workplace; trade union representation in the workplace; importance of occupational safety and health issues in discussions with employee representation in comparison with other issues; frequency of controversy between management and employee representation in relation to safety and health at work; internal safety representative in the workplace; member of the occupational health and safety representative in the workplace; occupational safety committee in the workplace. B: Workers´ health and safety representative interview 1. Standing committee or workgroup on occupational safety and health from members of management and employee representatives; frequency of meetings of this committee; frequency of controversy between management and employee representatives with regard to occupational safety and health protection. 2. Resources and training of the employee representatives responsible for occupational safety and health issues: sufficient time to adequately carry out their duties as employee representatives; difficulties in contacting employees; management provides all necessary information; timely and unsolicited information from the management; issues on which management provides regular information; participation in training on selected topics; training adequately vs. training of the employee representatives. further training measures desirable; topics on which there is a need for additional or general further training; reasons for missing or insufficient further training on these topics. 3. General health and safety management: documented policy, established management system or action plan on health and safety at work; the impact of that documented policy, established management system or action plan on health and safety at work; reasons why such a documented policy is necessary; employees are regularly informed about health and safety at the workplace; regular check of workplaces as part of a risk assessment; personal influence on decisions about the time and place of these risk assessments or workplace checks; carrying out the necessary follow-up when action is needed in the course of risk assessment; participation as safety representative in the selection of these follow-up actions; reasons why such checks are not regularly carried out; assessment of the degree of involvement of direct and other supervisors in the management of health and safety issues; agreement to statements: health and safety are an integral part of the management philosophy; management openness to the introduction of preventive health and safety measures beyond the legal requirements; appropriate attention by management to safety and health at work issues. 4. Health and safety at work and psychosocial risks: importance of selected topics in the company (e. g. hazardous substances, etc.); kind of psychosocial risks in the company. 5. Management of psychosocial risks: concrete operational measures in the last three years to deal with psychosocial risks; effectiveness of the above-mentioned measures; informing employees about psychosocial risks and their effects on the workplace; inviting employees over the last three years to deal with work-related stress, bullying and harassment at work and violence at the workplace. 6. Motivations and obstacles to the management of psychosocial risks: dealing with psychosocial risks is more difficult compared to other health and safety issues in the workplace; willingness of management to adopt measures to deal with psychosocial risks; assessment of the company´s operational measures as sufficient. Additionally coded was: questionnaire ID; company size (number of employees, categorized); sector; NACE code; country; workers´ health and safety representative exists at the company; interview with the health and safety representative; countries in official order; contact variables for interview with employee representatives; weighting factors.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2009-03-12 / 2009-06-30
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Norway (NO)
Sampled Universe
Companies with ten or more employees from both private and public organisations of all economic activities in 31 European countries (EU Member States plus Croatia, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey), with the exception of agriculture, forestry and fisheries (NACE A), private households (NACE T) and extraterritorial organisations (NACE U). In each establishment the highest-ranking manager responsible for OSH was interviewed. Additionally, an interview with the workers´ health and safety representative was carried out.
Sampling
Probability Sample: Stratified Sample: Disproportional
Collection Mode
  • Telephone Interview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview) Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer Assisted Web Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 246
Availability
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Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6864 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung: European Survey on New and Emerging Risks - Psychosocial Risks (ESENER-PSR 2009) Munich: Technical Report, 2009

Update Metadata: 2018-03-06 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2018-01-19

Irastorza, Xabier; Cockburn, William; Cavet, Marine (2018): European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks 2009 (ESENER-1). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12964