Second European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks 2014 (ESENER-2)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Irastorza, Xabier; Cockburn, William; Cavet, Marine
Publication Date
  • Irastorza, Xabier (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)) (Researcher)
  • Cockburn, William (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)) (Researcher)
  • Cavet, Marine (European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA)) (Researcher)
  • Riedmann, Arnold (Kantar Deutschland GmbH) (Researcher)
  • Strauss, Alexandra (Kantar Deutschland GmbH) (Researcher)
  • Houtman, Irene (TNO, The Netherlands) (Researcher)
  • Brück, Carsten (Kooperationsstelle Hamburg IFE) (Researcher)
  • Vanadziņš, Ivars (OSEH Institute, Rīga Stradiņš University, Latvia) (Researcher)
  • Edwards, Heidi (Statistician, HSE, United Kingdom) (Researcher)
  • Pinilla, Javier (INSHT, Spain) (Researcher)
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, München (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Work and Industry
    • Medicine
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Business/industrial management and organisation
  • Abstract

    Objective: The European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) asks establishments about the way they manage occupational safety and health (OSH) in practice, with a particular focus on psychosocial risks, i.e. work-related stress, violence and harassment. Method: ESENER-2 was conducted in summer and early autumn 2014 in establishments with five or more employees from both private and public organisations across all sectors of economic activity except for private households (NACE T) and extraterritorial organisations (NACE U). In total, 49,320 establishments were surveyed across 36 European countries— the respondent being ‘the person who knows best about health and safety in the establishment’. By country, the samples ranged from about 450 in Malta to 4,250 in the United Kingdom. Data were collected through computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Fieldwork was carried out by TNS Deutschland GmbH and its network of fieldwork centres across Europe. Samples were drawn according to a disproportional sample design which was later redressed by weighting. Questionnaire content: The questionnaire was developed by a team comprising experts in survey design and in OSH (particularly psychosocial risks), together with EU-OSHA staff and it explores in detail four areas of OSH: (1) the general approach in the establishment to managing OSH, (2) how the ‘emerging’ area of psychosocial risks is addressed, (3) the main drivers and barriers to the management of OSH and (4) how worker participation in OSH management is managed in practice. 1. Background information on the company: establishment is an independent company or organisation or one of several different establishments; headquarters or subsidiary site; number of people working at this establishment in total, and number of non-payroll workers and directly employed people (categories); employees with difficulties in understanding the language; proportion of employees aged 50 and over; employees working from home; correct database about the sector; main activity of the establishment is mentioned; establishment belongs to the public sector; foundation of the establishment before 1990, between 1990 and 2005, 2006 to 2010, or after 2010. 2. General health and safety management in this establishment: use of various health and safety services (e. g. occupational health doctor, etc.); document that explains responsibilities and procedures on health and safety is available to the employees; specific budget set each year for health and safety measures; establishment arranges regular medical examination; measures for health promotion (e.g. healthy nutrition, sports activities out of working hours, etc.); sickness absences are routinely analysed; procedure to support employees returning to work after a long-term sickness; health and safety issues are discussed at the top level of management; team leaders and line managers received any training; respondent has personally received any training on how to manage health and safety; establishment has been visited by the labour inspectorate in the last 3 years; forms of employee representation; types of risks and hazards; types of psychosocial risks; risks for which the establishment is lacking information or adequate preventive tools; regular workplace risk assessments; workplace risk assessments conducted by internal staff or extremal service providers; aspects routinely evaluated in these workplace risk assessments; risk assessments cover workplaces at home, cover only people directly employed; year of the last workplace risk assessment; risk assessment has been documented in written form; actor who is provided with the findings of the workplace risk assessment; involvement of employees in the implementation of measures that have to be taken; risk assessment procedure is seen as a useful way of managing health and safety; reasons why workplace risk assessment are not regularly carried out; other measures taken to check for health and safety in the establishment; kind of other checks; important reasons for addressing health and safety in the establishment; assessment of different difficulties in addressing health and safety as a major difficulty, a minor difficulty, or not a difficulty at all. 3. New risks: psychosocial risks and musculoskeletal disorders: action plan to prevent work-related stress; procedure to deal with possible cases of bullying or harassment, and of threats, abuse or assaults by clients; used measures to prevent psychosocial risks; taken measures triggered by concrete problems; employees have a role in the design and set-up of measures; factors which make addressing psychosocial risks more difficult than addressing other health risks; sufficient information on how to include psychosocial risks in risk assessments; kind of preventive measures for musculoskeletal problems. 4. Employee participation in OSH issues: frequency of discussing the topic health and safety between employee representatives and the management; frequency of controversies related to health and safety; areas of controversy; health and safety representatives are provided with any training during work time; training topics; training is also provided in different languages; regular discussions of health and safety issues in staff or team meetings. 5. Sources of support: used sources of information about health and safety awareness of the Healthy Workplaces Campaigns run by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work; rating of the level of absenteeism compared with other establishments in the sector; rating of the current economic situation of the establishment; economic situation over the last three years has resulted in a reduction of the resources for health and safety. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; interviewer number; interview mode; company size (number of employees, categorized); sector; NACE code; EU member states; all establishments from ESENER-1 countries with 10 + and without sector A; screening/non-screening country; first interview/main address, second address, third address; contact variables (introduction, screening, function); weighting factors; respondent´s willingness to be contacted again at a later date; information about additional respondent in the subsidiary obtained or refused because health and safety situation is the same in all establishments of the organisation; respondent withdrew his/her allowance to contact a further establishment of this organisation.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-07-14 / 2014-10-20
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • United Kingdom (GB)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Switzerland (CH)
  • Norway (NO)
  • Albania (AL)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Serbia (RS)
Sampled Universe
Companies with five or more employees from both private and public organisations of all sectors of activity (including agriculture, forestry and fisheries (NACE A) in 36 European countries (EU Member States (EU28) plus Albania, Iceland, Macedonia (FYROM), Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland and Turkey). Within each establishment the person who knows best about health and safety in the establishment was interviewed.
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Stratified Sample: Disproportional
Collection Mode
  • Telephoneinterview: CATI (Computer Assisted Telephone Interview) Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer-Assisted Web Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 210
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6865 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung: Second European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER-2) Munich: Report No. 7: Technical Report, 2015

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2018-01-19