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Social Structure in Poland: POLPAN 2008

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Słomczynski, Kazimierz M. (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw)
  • Kiersztyn, Anna (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw)
  • Janicka, Krystyna (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw)
  • Domanski, Henryk (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw)
  • Dubrow, Joshua Kjerulf (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw)
  • Tomescu-Dubrow, Irina (Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw)
Publication Date
2018-01-24
Contributor
  • Oś (Data Collector)
  • rodek Realizacji Badań (Data Collector)
  • Socjologicznych (ORBS), Instytut Filozofii i Socjologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Work and Industry
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Income
    • Society, Culture
    • Group
    • Family
    • Medicine
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Unemployment
    • Employment
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Information society
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Psychology
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Family life and marriage
    • Economic systems and development
    • Housing
Description
  • Abstract

    POLPAN is a panel study in focused on describing social structure and its change during the post-communist transformation in Poland. It is conducted in five year waves beginning with 1988. In 1988, the survey was conducted among a national sample representing Poland’s adult population (aged 21-65), with N = 5,817. In 1993, this sample was randomly reduced and 2,259 respondents took part in the study. Researchers tried to reach them in each of the consecutive five-year waves. To ensure an adequate age balance, additional subsamples involving young cohorts have been supplemented later. Employment. Self-employment and working independently. Irregular employment and additional jobs. Unemployment. Chances of success and sources of conflicts. Opinions about income. Opinions about society. Privatization and the market. Status evaluation and views on social issues. Friends. Family and household. Computer and the Internet, Basic data. Physical health/psychological items. Raven’s Test. Religion. Topics: 1. Employment: occupation; number of jobs; work situation; beginning of occupation in current firm (year/month); ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; establishment of the company (year); industry (NACE); size of enterprise (employees working in firm); job entry; someone else worked in this position before; job started (year/month); supervisory position; number of subordinates; level of supervising; hours worked weekly; limited/unlimited time employment/full time job/part time job (employment contract); unregistered employment; losing a job is impossible or certain; losing a job throughout a year; job commitment duration in months; number of months to the end of job commitment; expectation after the expiry of the employment contract; earnings on the job per month in Zloty; basic fixed salary/wage; second job (work situation). 2. Self-employment and working independently: start of self-employment (year/month); self-employed farmer or other activities; industry (NACE); ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009; cultivated agricultural area and non-cultivated agricultural area (number of hectares); contract to sell agricultural products from farm; income per month; ownership (company/farm); business created or transferred; hours worked weekly; employing non- family members; number of non- family members employed; target size; losing a job is impossible or certain; losing a job throughout a year; comparison of profit against competitors; preference to work as employee; self-employment second job: work situation; employing non-family members; number of non-family members employed. 3. Irregular employment and additional jobs: first additional job: having supervisor in this job; supervisory position; number of supervisees; ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009; job started (year/month); someone worked at that position before; weekly hours of work; earnings per month in Zloty; respondent has another job; second additional job: supervisory position; number of subordinates; ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009; job started (year/month); someone worked at that position before; hours worked weekly; earnings per month in Zloty; losing a job is impossible or certain; losing a job throughout a year. 4. Unemployment: how are qualifications utilized in the job; work involves direct or indirect contacts with other people; number of hours a week spent on contacts with other people; work involves reading, writing or data processing; number of hours a week spent with data; current activity or source of income; year when pension, studies, housekeeping or unemployment started; sought employment from January 2003 until today; periods of job searching: start of first to third period of job searching (year/month); finish of first to third period of job searching (year/month); other jobs between 1 January 2003 and number of jobs. 5. Occupational history: occupational history from first to fifth job: work situation; ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; job started (year/month); someone worked at that position before; respondent worked in the same firm before; kind of employment; limited/unlimited time employment/full time job/part time job (employment contract); unregistered employment; earnings per month in Zloty; basic fixed salary/wage; non-family members employed; target size; earnings per month after taxes; hours worked weekly; job terminated (year/month); reason of job termination; another job later; ever interruption in work career more than 3 months; number of interruptions; first to fifth interruption in occupational history: reason; starting year; ending year; number of months; ever had a job abroad for 3 months or more; year stopped to work abroad. 6. Chances of success and sources of conflicts: criteria for achieving success in life: ambition, networks, hard work, political influence, coming from a rich family, good education, luck, inherited ability and talent; influence of the government on unemployment and on corruption; sources of conflicts: rich vs. poor, manual vs. non-manual workers, managers vs. supervisees, city dwellers vs. country people, believers vs. nonbelievers, those in power vs. others, firm owners vs. employees; own fault, or the fault of other people or circumstances if something goes wrong in life; most people can be trusted. 7. Opinions about income: preferred tax for different income groups (value in Zloty and percentage). 8. Opinions about society: opinions on political and economic changes in Poland; evaluation of the current economic system in Poland; opinion on democracy: democracy is always the best form of government vs. non-democratic government is sometimes better vs. no difference between the two. 9. Privatization and the market: opinion on privatization of state enterprises/restrictions on privatization; restrictions on buying property (foreign capital, old nomenklatura, present political elite, people without experience running a business); market price vs. state determined prices for basic food products; readiness to assume risk for establishing a firm; amount willing to spend for establishing a firm. 10. Status evaluation and views on social issues: subjective assessment of social position on a 10 point scale; in Poland no government was formed which can be trusted; politicians do not care what people really think; among those who govern there are many corrupted people; voters have too little influence on how the country is governed; one should always show respect to authorities; it is wrong to do something differently from previous generations; it is not wrong becoming rich because of employees’ work, the government wastes too much of taxes; politics is so complicated that people do not understand what is happening; state should assist children from poor families in higher education; one good political party in Poland would make other parties unnecessary; state should reduce differences in incomes; state should provide jobs for everyone who wants to work; it is worthwhile to try a new business even if it is uncertain; democracy means minority yields to majority; in politics, mutual concessions are the best way of solving problems; obedience is the most important issue to teach children; minority should have an unlimited right to criticize majority in political life; elections are not necessary if leaders represent the interest of citizens; good leader need not obey the law; certain groups should be stripped of voting rights; catholic church has too much influence in politics; two kinds of people: weak and strong; impact on the country of Poland’s entry into the European Union; impact on respondent’s life of Poland’s EU-entry; opinion about terms of participation in military actions against terrorism; extent of interest in politics. 11. Friends: total number of close friends; relations between close friends; people among the friends on whom the respondent could rely; number of people the respondent could rely in difficult situations; occupational information on the closest friend: ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009. 12. Family and household: marital status of respondent; marriage beginning year; living with partner; year of divorce or widowhood; long-lasting relationship other than marriage (beginning year); spouse/partner: work situation; ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; supervisory position of spouse/partner; hours worked weekly; limited/unlimited time employment/full time job/part time job (employment contract); unregistered employment; losing a job is impossible or certain; earnings on the job per month in Zloty; basic fixed salary/wage; non-family members employed; target size; earnings per month after taxes; education; continuous education; year of birth, number of people in the household; disability or long term illness of the respondent; number of people in the household in paid work; number of unemployed people in the household; children in the household; sex and age of each child and specification whether this child is own child or husband’s/wife’s/partner’s child; household members number one to five: relationship with respondent, sex, year of birth; any person with a disability or long term illness in the household (respondent, partner or other person); respondent lives with parents; year the respondent stopped living with parents; respondent lives in a different town; respondent’s parents live in the same town; average monthly income of household; household income includes outside source; average monthly spending on food; spending on food if income increased by half; average monthly spending on cultural items; spending on cultural items if income increased by half; household repays loans, real estate loans or mortgage credit; average monthly payments for credit/loans; financial problems in last 12 months in spending on: food, utilities, cultural items, leisure time, medical care and education; financial solvency: possibility to acquire money in the short term (within a week); sources of household income; housing situation: year started to live in dwelling. Interviewer rating: interview conducted at respondent’s house or other place; type of the building; apartment/ house is inside a gated community; ownership of the apartment/ house; renting house/ apartment; number of rooms in dwelling; number of square meters; number of books in the household; possession of a car; value of the car according to the insurance company; evaluation of respondent’s standard of living. 13. Computer and the Internet: household equipment: cable/satellite TV; computer/laptop; access to the internet; using a computer; computer literacy (e.g. send e-mail, create and name a folder, etc.); number of hours a week spend on computer at home, at work, and in other places; using the internet or e-mail; reasons why not using the internet; frequency of using the internet for different activities (e.g. working at home or at work place, shopping, paying bills, etc.); year the respondent started using the internet. 14. Basic data: age of father; father’s occupation at respondents present age and at the age of 14 years: ISCO 88 International Occupational Classification; Polish SCO-2009 Occupational Classification; 14 socio-occupational categories; scale of skill requirements; scale of the complexity of work; scale of material remuneration; SES 1979 scale of socioeconomic status; scale of occupational prestige 1979 and 2009; social position as compared to father’s at respondent’s present age; respondent has siblings; number of siblings; oldest sibling: sex, age (year of birth), and education; education of mother; education of father; education of respondent; beginning year and ending year of last school completed; special field of education (ISCED); respondent continues education; school currently attended: mode of study, schooling with tuition; occupational training more than 1 month; ending year of completed courses; participated in elections for Sejm and Senate in 2005, and in 2007; party voted for in elections for Sejm and Senate in 2005, and in 2007; respondent would participate in elections if they happened today; party respondent would vote for in elections for Sejm and Senate. 15. Physical health and psychological items: self-evaluation of physical health as compared with others in the same age; height in centimeters, weight in kilograms; self-evaluation of physical health and psychological mood in total; Raven’s Test: total score of items considered after five minutes; present state of physical health and psychological mood; present state of health is causing problems with work, looking after the home, social life, home life, sex life, interests and hobbies, and vacations. 16. Religion: belonging to religious community; frequency of attending mass. Demography: sex; year of birth, age. Additionally coded was: ID; region; voivodship; size of locality; questionnaire version; date of interview (year, month); sample weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2008-04-01 / 2009-02-28
Geographic Coverage
  • Poland (PL)
Sampled Universe
Adult Poles aged 21-65 living in private households at the time of the first wave of the survey. The sample population of POLPAN 2008 is composed of all respondents of POLPAN 2003 who were born between 1922 and 1982 and have agreed to participate in future surveys. Refresher sample: Adult Poles born between 1983 and 1987 living in private households at the time of the survey
Sampling
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 612
Availability
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Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA4750 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • Słomczyński, Kazimierz M.; Marquart-Pyatt, Sandra T. (red.): Continuity and Change in Social Life: Structural and Psychological Adjustment in Poland, IFiS PAN, Warszawa 2007
  • Tomescu-Dubrow, Irina; Kazimierz M. Slomczynski: Analyzing Social Change with the Polish Panel Survey, POLPAN 1988–2013. International Journal of Sociology 2016, 46:4, 237-243 DOI: 10.1080/00207659.2016.1246284

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2018-01-24

Słomczynski, Kazimierz M.; Kiersztyn, Anna; Janicka, Krystyna; Domanski, Henryk; Dubrow, Joshua Kjerulf et. al. (2018): Social Structure in Poland: POLPAN 2008. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12946