Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement, 2015 [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : census/enumeration data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Other Title
  • CJRP 2015 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
census data; correctional facilities; drug law offenses; group homes; juvenile detention; juvenile offenders; juveniles; property crimes; status offenses
  • Abstract

    The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP), conducted every other year, asks juvenile residential custody facilities in the United States to describe all youth assigned a bed in the facility on a specified reference date. In 2015, the reference date was Wednesday, October 28 (the fourth Wednesday in October). Each record in the data provides information on a juvenile in a residential facility on the reference date, including information on placement (e.g. placing agency), the judicial process (e.g. court adjudication status), and demographics (e.g. age). Each record that provides information about a juvenile also includes information about institutional characteristics (e.g. facility type, use of locked doors or gates), treatment services, and population of the facility in which the juvenile was held. Therefore, CJRP data can be analyzed at the individual or facility level. The census was not sent to adult facilities or to facilities exclusively for drug or mental health treatment or for abused or neglected children. Some state and regional agencies provide CJRP data for more than one facility under their jurisdiction.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) is to provide a detailed understanding of juveniles in custody across the United States. The CJRP offers information about youth under 21 detained in or committed to residential facilities across the United States, including demographics, placement and adjudication status, and characteristics of the facilities themselves. The CJRP was administered for the first time in 1997 by the United States Bureau of the Census for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). The CJRP replaced the Census of Public and Private Juvenile Detention, Correctional, and Shelter Facilities, also known as the Children in Custody (CIC) census, which had been conducted since the early 1970s. The CJRP differs fundamentally from the CIC in that the CIC collected aggregate data on juveniles held in each facility (e.g., number of juveniles in the facility) and the CJRP collects an individual record on each juvenile held in the residential facility (e.g. sex, race, most serious offense) to provide a more detailed picture of juveniles in custody.
  • Methods

    The CJRP is designed to provide one-day population counts for youth in all facilities meeting certain inclusion (see "Sampling" below). The survey has two sections, the first collecting facility-level data and the second collecting individual-level data about all youth residing in the facility as of the reference date (generally the fourth Wednesday in October). The CJRP is administered by the United States Bureau of the Census for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Facility representatives receive mail questionnaires shortly before the survey reference date; beginning with the 2010 CJRP, an online version of the survey is also available. A small number of facilities meeting census inclusion criteria decline to complete sections of the survey or fail to return the census forms after repeated notification and phone contact from Census Bureau personnel; these facilities are designated non-respondents. Other facilities may be unable to provide all the information necessary to complete the survey. In cases where facilities are unable or unwilling to complete all survey items, the Census Bureau uses complete records to impute missing data.
  • Methods

    The 2015 CJRP (n=49,143; 261 variables) collects information on both youth in residential facilities and the facilities themselves. Section I of the survey form collects facility data, including: location (state),; organizational information (facility owner, operator, and agency affiliation); facility type (e.g. detention center, group home/halfway house, runaway and homeless shelter), ; treatment provided (e.g. mental health treatment, substance abuse treatment) ; security features (e.g. locked internal or external doors or gates), and ; number of persons assigned beds in relation to age and offense status (total, under 21, 21 or older, assigned a bed because of an offense, assigned a bed for other reasons).; Section II collects individual data, including: demographic variables (race, sex, age), ; placement variables (category and level of the placing agency, length of stay), and ; variables related to the judicial process (most serious offense charged, state or territory in which the offense was committed, court adjudication status). ; The CJRP dataset also includes Census Bureau variables indicating whether a response to a given item was imputed or not.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2015-10-28
  • Time period: 2015-10-29--2016-05-19
  • 2015-10-29 / 2016-05-19
  • Collection date: 2015--2016
  • 2015 / 2016
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York (state)
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virgin Islands of the United States
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
Individuals in the United States under age 21, charged with or court-adjudicated for an offense, and held in juvenile residential facilities on the fourth Wednesday in October of 2015. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
The CJRP is a census. Facility inclusion criteria were as follows: residential facilities in operation on the census reference date (generally the fourth Wednesday in October),; public or private (or, since 1999, tribal) operation, and; intended for juvenile offenders (although some hold adults as well).; Specifically excluded were: nonresidential facilities, detention centers operated as part of adult jails, facilities exclusively for drug or mental health treatment or dependent/neglected youth, foster homes, and federal correctional facilities (e.g. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, United States Marshals, or Bureau of Prisons). Inclusion criteria for individuals were as follows: youth under age 21, ; assigned a bed in a residential facility at the end of the day on the census reference day,; charged with an offense or court-adjudicated for an offense, and; in residential placement because of that offense.;
Collection Mode
  • mail questionnaire
  • web-based survey
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36871 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36871.v1

Update Metadata: 2018-01-25 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2018-01-25