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Eurobarometer 88.1 (2017)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels
Other Title
  • Parlemeter 2017, Cultural Heritage, Future of Europe, Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2018-02-02
Contributor
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ´Media monitoring and analysis´ (Researcher)
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Society, Culture
    • Natural Environment, Nature
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes / opinion
    • Society and culture
    • Natural environment
Description
  • Abstract

    Attitudes towards the European Parliament and the EU. Cultural heritage. Future of Europe. Attitudes towards environment. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the European Parliament and the EU: level of interest in European affairs; recent reception of media reports on the European Parliament; frequency of media use: television, radio, written press, internet, online social networks; main information sources on national political matters and on European political matters; most trustworthy institutions or persons with regard to information on political matters: European institutions, national government, NGOs, trade unions, business leaders, journalists, politicians, experts, friends and acquaintances, bloggers; image of the European Parliament; desired importance of the role of the European Parliament; priority issues of European legislation; prioritized values to be defended by the European Parliament; assessment of the own country’s membership in the EU as a good thing; benefits from the EU membership and reasons for benefit; preferred fields of EU action to protect citizens from selected threats; preferred results of the EU to be protected; interest in the next European elections; importance to vote in European and in national elections; main reasons for people to vote or not to vote in European elections. 2. Cultural heritage: places or works of cultural heritage near respondent’s residential area; importance of cultural heritage for: respondent himself / herself, local community, own region, own country, EU; personal involvement in the issue of cultural heritage: living in historic environment, regular visits of sites or events, practicing traditional activities, mastering skills related to traditional crafts, voluntary work, donations of money or other resources, other involvement; frequency of the following activities in the last twelve months: visit a library or archive, visit a historical monument or site, visit a museum or gallery, attend traditional events, visit traditional craft workplaces, visit film festivals to see classic European films produced at least 10 years ago, see traditional or classical performing arts event; main barriers preventing from taking part in cultural heritage activities: lack of interest, lack of time, costs, lack of information, limited choice or poor quality, too far from respondent’s residential area; internet use for cultural heritage purposes: looking up information on events or sites, buying or booking services, viewing related content, creating or sharing related content, additional information after a visit, giving opinion on a special site or activity; approval of selected statements: living close to places of Europe’s cultural heritage can improve quality of life, living close to places of Europe’s cultural heritage can give people a sense of belonging to Europe, feeling proud in historical places or activities from own region or country, feeling proud in historical places or activities from another European country, education at school about Europe’s cultural heritage; attitude towards the following statements on Europe’s cultural heritage, tourism, and economy: number of tourists represent a threat to cultural heritage, cultural heritage is more interesting for visitors from outside the EU than for EU citizens, creates jobs in the EU, influence on personal holiday destination, more public funding; attitude towards selected statements on European culture: no common culture of the European countries, diversity gives particular value, will become more widespread due to globalisation, no existence of a European but of a general western culture; attitude towards the following statements on culture and cultural exchange: should play an important role in the EU, are important to develop understanding and tolerance in the world; most important actors in protecting Europe’s cultural heritage; desire for additional information on Europe’s cultural heritage. 3. Future of Europe: main assets and main challenges of the EU; preferred issues to be emphasized by society in order to face global challenges; embodiment of selected values by the EU compared to other countries: respect for nature and environment, social equality and solidarity, peace, progress and innovation, freedom of opinion, tolerance and openness, respect for history; image of the following countries or group of countries: EU, Germany, France, United Kingdom, USA, Russia, China; most important political issues for the future of Europe; preference for more decision-making at the European level in selected policy areas; attitude towards selected statements: EU is a place of stability in a troubled world, free-market economy should go with a high level of social protection, globalisation threatens national identity, EU offers a future perspective for European youth, recognition of people’s interests by national political system, rise of political parties protesting against traditional political elites is a matter of concern, everyone in the own country has a chance to succeed in life; expectations regarding the life of future generations in the EU; preferred way to change society: little by little, quick action, no need for changes; attitude towards the harmonization of the social welfare systems of the member states; preferences with regard to the European society of 2030: more solidarity or more individualism, more importance on work or on leisure, more importance on order or on individual freedom; happiness with the following aspects: family life, current occupation, living in the own country, living in the EU; comparison of the performance of the European economy with the American, Japanese, Chinese, Indian, Russian, and Brazilian economy. 4. Attitudes towards environment: personal importance of environmental protection; most important environmental issues; main sources of information about the environment; personal measures for protecting the environment in the last six months; approval of selected statements: individual plays a role in protecting the environment in the own country, big polluters should make good the damage they cause, environmental issues have a direct effect on daily life and health, worried about the health impact of everyday plastic products, worried about the environmental impact of everyday plastic products, worried about the health impact of chemicals in everyday products, worried about the environmental impact of chemicals in everyday products; preference for decision making regarding the protection of the environment by the national government or jointly within the EU; sufficient action taken to protect the environment by: big companies and industry, citizens, own city, town, village, region, national government, European Union; most effective ways to tackle environmental problems; attitude towards the following statements: European environmental legislation is necessary for protecting the environment in the own country, EU should be able to check the correct application of environmental laws in the own country, EU should assist non-EU countries to improve their environmental standards; awareness of selected national or EU labels; purchase of products with the aforementioned labels; trust in products carrying the EU ecolabel; influence of ecolabels on personal purchasing decisions; decrease of single use plastic bags; importance of the following measures in reducing plastic waste and littering: better provision of collection facilities by local authorities, education of people, extra-charge on single-use plastic goods, reduction of plastic packaging, easier recycling; development of air quality in the own country in the last ten years; most effective measures to improve air quality; preferred level of action in tackling air pollution: EU level, national level, regional or local level; personal measures taken to reduce harmful emissions into the air; attitude towards more EU investment in environmental projects and programmes. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; expected development of personal living conditions in the next five years; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership; EU image. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview (only in BE, LU, ES, FI, EE, LV, MT); nation; nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2017-09-23 / 2017-10-02
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in any of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Sampling
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 27881
    Number of Variables: 774
Note
Question module QA ‘Parlemeter 2017’ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 86.1 (ZA6697) and 84.1 (ZA6596). Question module QB ‘Cultural heritage’ was newly introduced. Question module QC ‘Future of Europe’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 86.1 (ZA6697). Question module QD ‘Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment’ is partly based on questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Eurobarometer 81.3 (ZA5914). The questionnaire representations of qd10.X (“AWARE OF ECOLABEL:”) and qd11.X (“BOUGHT PROD W ECOLABEL:”) deviate slightly from the actually fielded answer categories due to technical issues related to the display of the logos. The variables in the dataset correctly represent the actually fielded multiple answer matrix (0=Not mentioned ; 1=Mentioned) with variables qd10.14/qd11.14 and qd10.15/qd11.15 representing the answer categories “None” and “DK”. The category 0 „not mentioned“ in qd11.1 to qd11.13 includes cases which have not actually reported to be aware of the respective label in qd10.1 to qd10.13, which deviates from the filtering instruction for qd11. Please note that 12 respondents did not give answers to d15b (“OCCUPATION OF RESPONDENT - LAST JOB”) after responding with 3 (“Unemployed, temporarily not working”) in d15a (“OCCUPATION OF RESPONDENT”). According to the questionnaire such “No answer” responses should not be allowed. No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
Availability
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Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6925 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Publications
  • European Parliament: European Parliament Special Eurobarometer (EB 88.1): Parlemeter 2017. Conducted by TNS opinion at the request of the European Parliament and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, October 2017. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/external/html/parlemetre/eb88_v2.pdf
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 466. Cultural Heritage. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Education, Youth, Sport and Culture. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Media monitoring and analysis´ Unit). Brussels, December 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2766/576064
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 467. Future of Europe. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Communication. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Media monitoring and analysis´ Unit). Brussels, December 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2775/145126
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 468. Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Environment. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ´Media monitoring and analysis´ Unit). Brussels, December 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2779/84809

Update Metadata: 2019-06-04 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2018-02-02

European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels (2018): Eurobarometer 88.1 (2017). Parlemeter 2017, Cultural Heritage, Future of Europe, Attitudes of European citizens towards the environment. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.12959