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Common tongue: The impact of language on educational outcomes

Resource Type
  • Jain, Tarun (Indian School of Business)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
Census of India; language policy; education
  • Abstract

    This paper investigates the impact of official language policies on education using state formation in India. Colonial provinces consisted of some districts where the official language matched the district's language and some where it did not. Linguistically mismatched districts have 18.0% lower literacy rates and 20.1% lower college graduation rates, driven by difficulty in acquiring education due to a different medium of instruction in schools. Educational achievement caught up in mismatched districts after the 1956 reorganization of Indian states on linguistic lines, suggesting that political reorganization can mitigate the impact of mismatched language policies.

Temporal Coverage
  • 1951-01-01 / 1991-01-01
    Time Period: Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1951--Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1991
Geographic Coverage
  • India
Sampled Universe
All persons in South India from 1951 to 1991.


Update Metadata: 2018-02-19 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2018-02-19

Jain, Tarun (2017): Common tongue: The impact of language on educational outcomes. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.