Atypical Employed Persons

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung, Berlin
Publication Date
  • Kantar Public, München, Berlin (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Social Policy
    • Work and Industry
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Society, Culture
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Psychology
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Social welfare policy
    • Social welfare systems/structures
  • Abstract

    The aim of the study is to record and describe the situation of atypical employees. How do those affected assess their employment relationship? What are the attitudes and expectations of atypical employees towards employers, trade unions, politics and society? How do those affected deal with their situation and how does the atypical work relationship affect other areas of life? How satisfied are atypical employees with their lives and different aspects? Are there structural differences between different forms of atypical employment? Topics: 1. General: self-assessment of class affiliation; life satisfaction; satisfaction with selected areas of life (professional and financial situation, training and qualification, health and family situation); assessment of personal hedge; future expectations with regard to the personal future and the future of society (optimism/pessimism). 2. Work and occupation: sideline jobs; expectations of good work (e. g. adequate income, plannable working hours, etc.); fulfilment of expectations in the current main occupation; personal working conditions (no regular working hours, often rushed at work or under time pressure, work and accessibility outside of regular working hours, seldom to create work assignments within regular working hours, more work in shorter time, worry about not being able to cope with the increasing demands, general satisfaction with working conditions); professional qualifications: occupation corresponds to the qualification level of the training, is lower than or requires a higher education; circumstances of taking up the activity (e. g.B. meets professional aspirations, responds to the need for flexibility, suitable job, no better job found, otherwise state support needed, sanctions of the employment agency in case of non-admission); opinion on flexibility in the workplace; previous working life (longer than 12 months in a row unemployed, several times forced to change employers, several times professional reorientation, never-ending employment contract, worked exclusively for temporary and temporary employment agencies); recruitment to atypical employment (splits: temporary employees, loan and temporary workers, part-time employees and minor employees); own professional situation compared to permanent employed and full-time employed colleagues with regard to unequal treatment; identification with one´s own work. 3. Attitudes towards the economy, globalisation, digitisation and the future of work; personally benefiting from economic growth in Germany; assessment of one´s own financial situation at present and in the near future; old-age provision: assessment of the legal pension; worries about possible poverty in old age; private pension provision (additional private old-age provision, assets, real estate, inheritance, partner´s pension rights, none). 4. Personality traits: personal focuses in life (professional advancement and career, partnership, family planning, leisure time and friends, association work and voluntary commitment); health (work often pushes to the limits of physical and mental resilience, it is difficult to switch off from work, self-esteem suffers from the professional situation, and worries about one´s own professional future for health reasons). 5. Social orientation: assessment of the current situation in Germany on the basis of selected statements (e. g. we are doing better than ever in Germany, social cohesion is decreasing all the time, etc.); social commitment: membership in selected organisations (e. g. political party, sports club, etc.). 6: Politics: political interest; social balance: expectations of the welfare state (Germany is a rich country that can afford to take in a large number of refugees, full-time employed persons should have a noticeably higher income than unemployed people, full-time jobs should be able to feed a family in Germany, the welfare state should support the weaker ones more); agreement on various statements on atypical employment (e. g. opportunities for career advancement are worse for these employees than for employees with a normal employment contract, atypical forms of employment allow ways out of unemployment, etc.); role of the State: expectations of the State (should take full care of the problems of its citizens and protect them against risks vs. should only provide the framework conditions so that people can protect themselves against risks); opinion on the future dealings of the State with unemployed people (unemployed persons should be urged to quickly take up a job, even if this job doesn´t comply with their qualification vs. unemployed people should be given more time and opportunity to improve their professional skills before they are obliged to accept a job); concrete demands on policy (e. g. it should apply in principle: same work, same money, statutory minimum wage should continue to rise, high incomes and wealth should be taxed more heavily, etc.); expectations of trade unions and employers (trade unions should be more committed to the interests of atypical workers, employers should treat their employees in the same way in principle, even without any legal obligation); drivers on the labour market for atypical forms of employment (e. g. the employees´ desire for more flexible working hours, progressive digitisation of the world of work, etc.). Demography: sex; age; children; number of children; household size; highest school leaving certificate; vocational qualification; industry; state; local size; household net income (grouped); occupational activity; employment relationship; temporary employment or open-ended employment contract; temporary work. Additionally coded was: serial number; weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2017-06-19 / 2017-07-09
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons with atypical employment relationships (loan or temporary work, part-time work, minor jobs and (continuous) fixed-term employment relationships)
Sampling Procedure Comment: Non-probability Sample: Quota Sample
Collection Mode
  • Self-administered questionnaire: CAWI (Computer Assisted Web Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 190
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6638 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2018-03-29