Code: How working hours influence the life satisfaction of childless men and women, fathers and mothers in Germany

Resource Type
  • Schröder, Martin (University of Marburg)
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Income
    • Family
  • Abstract

    This paper uses the German Socio-Economic Panel to show that fathers – and to a lesser degree childless men and women, are most satisfied with life when working full-time or longer. In contrast, whether mothers spend more or less hours in employment hardly affects their life satisfaction. The rational maximization of income as postulated by family economics cannot explain these results, as they are even found in households where women earn more than men. Because they are also found among those who hold secure jobs and have very little household work and childcare duties, these results contradict the predictions by expansionist role theory that men and women are better off in egalitarian employment arrangements. The results change little over time, with cohorts or with educational group-membership. For men, the results therefore fit best with the predictions of traditional role theory, which suggests that people are most satisfied when adhering to stereotypical gender roles.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1984-01-01 / 2016-01-01
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany / DE
Sampled Universe
Population aged 18-65
SOEP sampling
Collection Mode
    • Interview
Data and File Information
    • File Name:
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      File Size: 19920
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      Method Fingerprint: MD5
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    • File Name:
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Source: SOEP
Free Access (with Registration)
CC BY 4.0

Update Metadata: 2019-10-01 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2018-04-11