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Monitoring the Future: Restricted-Use Panel Data, United States, 1976-2017

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Schulenberg, John E.
  • Miech, Richard A.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M.
  • Bachman, Jerald G.
  • Patrick, Megan E.
Other Title
  • MTF Panel Data (Alternative Title)
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2018-05-11
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
alcohol; demographic characteristics; drugs; drugs, nonprescription; educational objectives; employment; externalizing behaviors; family background; gender roles; internalizing behaviors; marijuana; political attitudes; prescription drugs; religious attitudes; self esteem; tobacco use
Description
  • Abstract

    The Monitoring the Future (MTF) project is a long-term epidemiologic and etiologic study of substance use among the nation's youth and adults. It is conducted at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research, funded by a series of investigator-initiated research grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. From its inception in 1975, the project has collected data annually from nationally representative samples of 13,000-19,000 high school seniors, located in approximately 135 schools nationwide (i.e. cross-sectional data). Beginning in 1991, similar surveys of nationally representative samples of 8th and 10th graders have been conducted annually. In all, approximately 45,000 students annually respond to about 100 drug use and demographic questions, as well as to about 200 additional questions divided among multiple forms on other topics such as attitudes toward government, social institutions, race relations, changing gender roles, educational aspirations, occupational aims, and marital plans. The MTF project also includes a longitudinal panel study component. Beginning with the class of 1976, biennial follow-up mail surveys have been conducted with representative subsamples of respondents from each senior year class, spanning modal ages 19 to 30. From each senior year cohort, a sample of about 2,450 students are selected for longitudinal follow-up. The sample is randomly split into two halves (approx. 1,225 each) to be followed every other year. One half-sample begins its first follow-up the next year at modal age 19, and the other half-sample begins its first follow-up in the second year at modal age 20. The follow-ups continue such that the modal ages are as follows: FU1=19/20, FU2=21/22, FU3=23/24, FU4=25/26, FU5=27/28, FU6=29/30. Respondents receive the same survey form for follow-up as they completed at base year. More information about the MTF project can be accessed through the Monitoring the Future website - including the purpose, design, sampling procedures, and questionnaire administration; selected data tables and figures; a listing of publications and press releases; information about the research investigators; and links to related websites.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: For information regarding response rates, users should refer to the summary information in Appendix A of the MTF Restricted Panel Data User's Guide.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1976--2017
  • 1976 / 2017
  • Collection date: 1976-01-01--2017-12-31
  • 1976-01-01 / 2017-12-31
  • Collection date: 1977-01-01--2017-12-31
  • 1977-01-01 / 2017-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Young adult follow-up of the U.S. high school seniors in MTF in the year of the baseline interview.
Sampling
The nationally-representative base year cohort sample (i.e. each high school senior class) was selected using a multistage area probability sample design involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Participants were randomly divided into two groups for biennial follow-up. For longitudinal follow-up, each year, 2,450 respondents to the 12th grade survey were selected. The panel sample was selected within school by form and gender, and each base-year school was required to have a minimum of two follow-up selections (individuals). The base year sampling weight was factored into the targeted sample size for each school/form/gender combination. An illicit drug user/nonuser stratification was created, based on responses to nine base year questions about 30-day drug use. (An individual was considered a "user" if they reported any use of LSD, hallucinogens other than LSD, cocaine, amphetamines, sedatives/barbiturates, tranquilizers, heroin, or narcotics other than heroin, or used marijuana 20 or more times in the past 30 days.) Illicit drug users were sampled at a 3-to-1 rate relative to non-users. Please see the MTF Restricted Panel Data User's Guide for additional sampling details.
Collection Mode
  • mail questionnaire
  • on-site questionnaire
Note
2020-09-08 Additional variables and years of data were added to the current data file. The accompanying documentation files were updated to reflect these changes.2018-05-11 Collection was updated to correct error in documentation. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA001411, DA016575).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37072 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37072.v3
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37072.v1
Publications
  • Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Miech, Richard A., Patrick, Megan E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2016: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-55. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2017.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Bachman, Jerald G., Miech, Richard A., Patrick, Megan E.. The Objectives and Theoretical Foundation of the Monitoring the Future Study. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 84.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2016.
  • Miech, R.A., Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2015: Volume I, Secondary School Students. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2016.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol1_2015.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patick M., Schulenberg, John E., Miech, Richard A.. The Monitoring the Future Project After Four Decades: Design and Procedures. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 82.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2015.

Update Metadata: 2020-09-08 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2018-05-11

Schulenberg, John E.; Miech, Richard A.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Bachman, Jerald G. et. al. (2018): Monitoring the Future: Restricted-Use Panel Data, United States, 1976-2017. Version 2. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37072.v2