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Eurobarometer 82.3 (2014)

Resource Type
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 82 (Alternative Title)
  • Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, and Information on European Political Matters (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research , Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • Capacent, Reykjavik, Iceland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Society, Culture
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic policy
    • Information and communication
  • Abstract

    The Europe 2020 strategy. The financial and economic crisis. Democracy and European citizenship. Information on European political matters. Data protection. Media usage. Topics: life satisfaction; frequency of political discussions with friends (national, European and local political matters); assessment of the current situation in selected areas and expectations for the next twelve months (the national and the European economy, the personal job situation, the financial situation of the own household, and the employment situation in the own country); expectations for the personal life in general; the two most important issues facing the country, the EU, and the respondent; country’s membership of the EU would be a good thing, and own country would benefit from being a member of the EU (not in EU28 and CY (tcc); things are going in the right direction in the own country and in the EU; trust in certain media and institutions (the written press, radio, television, the Internet, online social networks, justice, the police, the army, political parties, regional and local public authorities, national government, national parliament, the European Union, and the United Nations); image of the EU; positive or negative associations with the terms liberalisation, competition, reforms, security and solidarity; meaning of the EU to the respondent personally; knowledge of the European Parliament, of the European Commission; trust in these European institutions; knowledge test about the EU (the EU currently consists of 28 Member States, the members of the European Parliament are directly elected by the citizens of each Member State, Switzerland is a member state of the EU); attitude towards a European economic and monetary union with one single currency, the euro, and towards further enlargement of the EU; understanding how the EU works; the EU’s voice counts in the world; globalisation is an opportunity for economic growth; own country alone can cope with the negative effects of globalisation; The financial and economic crisis: the impact of the crisis on jobs has already reached its peak vs. the worst is still to come; effectiveness of certain measures to tackle the current financial and economic crisis (a more important role for the EU in regulating financial services, EU approval in advance of EU Member States’ governments budgets, fines for EU Member States’ governments that spend or borrow too much, a central supervision of the banking system at EU level (i.e. Banking Union); attitude towards measures to reform global financial markets (the introduction of a tax on financial transactions, the introduction of Eurobonds, the regulation of wages in the financial sector (i.e. traders’ bonuses), tougher rules on tax avoidance and tax havens); objectives that should be given top priority in a European energy union. Democracy and European citizenship: attachment to the own city, the own country, the European Union and to Europe. Information on European political matters: estimation to what extent people in the country are well informed about European matters; self-assessment of knowledge about European matters; preferred information sources for news on national and on European political matters (television, the written press, radio, websites, online social networks; preferred information sources for Information about the EU, its policies, and its institutions. Only in EU28: attitude towards data protection (the seriousness of data protection is underestimated, data protection should be a priority for the EU); assessment of the rights for EU citizens to live and to work in every Member State of the EU; positive or negative associations with: large companies, SMEs, welfare state, competitiveness, free trade, protectionism, globalization, trade union, public service and flexibility); attitude towards immigration of people from other EU Member States, and of people from outside the EU; additional measures should be taken to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU; knowledge of the European Central Bank and trust in the European Central Bank; attitude towards selected statements about the EU (the EU is creating the conditions for more jobs in Europe, is responsible for austerity in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy, will emerge fairer from the crisis, is making the financial sector pay its fair share, makes the cost of living cheaper in Europe, makes the quality of life better in Europe, helps tackle global threats and challenges, helps protect its citizens, needs a clearer message); opinion on selected statements (a common foreign policy of the 28 Member States, a common defence and security policy among EU Member States, a free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA, a common European policy on migration, a common energy policy among EU Member States); satisfaction with democracy in the own country and in the EU, interests of the country are well taken into account in the EU, the EU enables European citizens to better benefit from the positive effects of globalisation, own country could better face the future outside the EU); optimism about the future of the EU. Europe 2020: importance of selected initiatives of the strategy Europe 2020 in order to exit the financial and economic crisis (to increase the support for research and development policies and turn inventions into products, to enhance the quality and appeal of the EU’s higher education system, to develop the economy by strengthening ultra fast internet within the EU, to support an economy that uses less natural resources and emits less greenhouse gases, to help the EU’s industrial base to be more competitive by promoting entrepreneurship and developing new skills, to modernise labour markets to raise employment levels, to enable the poor and excluded to play an active part in society); estimation of selected objectives to be reached by 2020 in the EU (three quarters of men and women between 20 and 64 years should have a job, the share of funds invested in research and development should reach 3 % of the wealth produced in the EU each year, to reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20 % by 2020 compared to 1990, to increase the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20 % by 2020, to increase energy efficiency in the EU by 20 % by 2020, the number of young people leaving school with no qualification should fall to 10 %, at least 40 % of the people aged 30 to 34 should have a higher education degree or diploma, the number of Europeans living below the poverty line should be reduced by a quarter by 2020, to bring industry’s contribution to the economy to 20 % of GDP by 2020; the EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges; the own country needs reforms to face the future; measures to reduce the public deficit and debt in the country cannot be delayed (split A) (split B: are not a priority for now); the EU has sufficient power to defend the economic interests of Europe in the global economy; the private sector is better placed than the public sector to create new jobs; public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; identity as a citizen of the EU; knowledge of the rights as a citizen of the EU; desire for more information about EU citizen rights; national identity only, national and European identity, European and national identity, or European identity only; most positive results of the EU; in the last twelve months the respondent: visited another EU country, read a book, newspaper or magazine in a foreign language, socialised with people from another EU country, watched TV programmes in a foreign language, used the internet for purchasing goods or services from another EU country; issues that most create a feeling of community among EU citizens; elements that would strengthen the feeling about being a European citizen; values which best represent the EU; personally most important values; frequency of media usage (television on a TV set and via the Internet, radio, written press, Internet, and online social networks); extent of reporting about the EU in the national media (television, radio, written press, Websites, and online social networks); presentation of the EU in the media is too positively, objectively or too negatively; attitude towards online social networks (modern way to keep abreast of political affairs, information on political affairs from online social network cannot be trusted, can get people interested in political affairs, good way to have say on political issues). Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age; age at end of education; occupation; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; self-rated social class; Internet use (at home, at work, at school, university, cyber-café, etc.); own voice counts in the EU and in the own country (political efficacy). Also encoded was: number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; interview language (only in Luxembourg, Belgium, Spain, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Malta).
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-11-08 / 2014-11-17
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The STANDARD EUROBAROMETER 82 survey has also been conducted in the six candidate countries (Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 33662
    Number of Variables: 760
All question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicate questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 81.4 [ZA5928] respectively 80.1 [ZA5876]. The category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably, except for Germany. Categories for all other countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area - Towns and suburbs / small urban area - Cities / large urban areas). For TURKEY the data provided by TNS do not match with the new scheme, but most likely appear to match with the former 5-point scheme. Value labels applied in former versions were not correct and non-matching data were coded to ´99´ (SYSTEM MISSING in the original data set). Variable p6tr has been reconstructed by the archive for dataset version v3-0-0 using SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in a former integrated variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme. The category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia and Croatia. Data for p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview), p3 (duration of interview), p4 (n of persons present during interview), p5 (respondent cooperation), and a corrected REGION NUTS 3 variable for Albania (p7al) have subsequently been delivered by TNS and integrated by the archive starting with dataset v2.0.0. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available. Four duplicate cases (two doublets) in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables and demographics have been identified for Cyprus (TCC). The corresponding case id variables are not identical. UNIQID is coded ´57000382´/´57000383´, and ´57000393´/´57000394´. CASEID is coded ´382´/´383´, and ´393´/´394´. In addition, identical coding in all substantial variables but minor exceptions in demographics can be detected for following cases from Cyprus (TCC): UNIQID is coded ´57000200´/´57000201´, ´57000205/´57000206´, ‘57000384´/´57000385’, and ‘57000416´/´57000417’. CASEID is coded ´200´/´201´, ´205´/´206´, ´384´/´385´, and ´416´/´417´. Starting with EB 82.3 Albania is included in the Standard Eurobarometer surveys (official candidate country of the EU as of June 2014). Please note the following deviation in the variable report (2018|6; Documentation release 2018/05/24): The derivation text of variable qe3t “MEDIA USE INDEX” is incorrect. The categorization should read as follows: ´Very high´ = 12-18 points, ´High´ = 8-11 points, ´Poor´= 4-7 points, ´Very poor/None´ = 0-3 points.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5932 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12854
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12259
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12251
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12208
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. Europe 2020. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. Media use in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.

Update Metadata: 2019-09-28 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2018-05-24

European Commission, Brussels (2018): Eurobarometer 82.3 (2014). Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, and Information on European Political Matters. Version: 3.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.