Eurobarometer 82.3 (2014)

Version
3.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 82 (Alternative Title)
  • Europe 2020, Financial and Economic Crisis, European Citizenship, and Information on European Political Matters (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2018-05-24
Contributor
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research , Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • RM PLUS, Maribor, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Kadem, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • Capacent, Reykjavik, Iceland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Society, Culture
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic policy
    • Information and communication
Description
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study all question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context: 1. Standard EU and trend questions, 2. Europe 2020 strategy, 3. Financial and economic crisis, 4. European citizenship, 5. Information on European political matters. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing; expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country; assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; trust in selected institutions: written press, radio, TV, internet, online social networks, national legal system, police, army, political parties, regional or local public authorities, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms: large companies, small and medium-sized companies, welfare state, competitiveness, free trade, protectionism, globalisation, liberalisation, competition, trade unions, reforms, public service, flexibility, security, solidarity; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; meaning of the EU to the respondent; attitude towards the following statements on data protection: seriousness is underestimated, should be a priority for the EU; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live in every member state of the EU, work in every member state of the EU; approval of the following statements on the EU: creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, is responsible for austerity in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy, will emerge fairer from the crisis, makes the financial sector behave more responsibly, makes the cost of living cheaper in Europe, makes quality of life better in Europe, helps tackle global threats and challenges, helps protect its citizens, needs a clearer message; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of the members of the European Parliament by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states, further enlargement, common defence and security policy, free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA, common migration policy, common energy policy; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU, EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, own country alone can cope with the negative effects of globalization, EU enables its citizens to better benefit from positive effects of globalisation, better development of the own country outside the EU; optimism about the future of the EU. 2. Europe 2020 strategy: importance of the following initiatives in the context of the Europe 2020 strategy: increase support for research and development policies and turn inventions into products, enhance the quality of the EU’s higher education system, develop e-economy by strengthening ultrafast internet within the EU, support an economy that uses less natural resources and emits less greenhouse gases, help the EU’S industrial base to be more competitive by promoting entrepreneurship and developing new skills, modernize labour markets with a view to raising employment levels, help the poor and socially excluded and enable them to play an active part in society; likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges. 3. Financial and economic crisis: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements: own country needs reforms to face the future, measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; assessment of the effectiveness of selected measures to tackle the current financial and economic crisis: more important role for the EU in regulating financial services, EU approval in advance of member states’ government budgets, fines for governments spending or borrowing too much, central supervision of banking system at EU level; approval of selected measures to reform global financial markets: introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds, wage regulation in the financial sector, tougher rules on tax avoidance and tax havens; most important objectives in a European energy union: guaranteeing reasonable energy prices for consumers and companies, guaranteeing continuous energy supply, guaranteeing EU’s independence in the field of energy, environmental protection, interconnecting energy infrastructure, fighting global warming, guaranteeing competitiveness of EU’s industry, reducing energy consumption, pooling EU’s negotiating power towards energy providers, developing renewable energy. 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements: feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity; most positive results of the EU; in the last twelve months the respondent: visited another EU country, read a book, newspaper or magazine in a foreign language, socialised with people from another EU country, watched TV programmes in a foreign language, used the internet for purchasing goods or services from another EU country; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens; most important aspects in strengthening the feeling of being a European citizen; values that best represent the EU; most important personal values. 5. Information on European political matters: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters; frequency of the following activities: watch television on a TV set, watch television via the internet, listen to the radio, read printed press, use the internet, use online social networks; preferred sources of information on national political matters; preferred sources of information on European political matters; preferred sources of information on the European Union, its policies and institutions; assessment of the appropriateness of coverage with European Union issues in the following media: TV, radio, printed press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the national media as positive; attitude towards selected statements on political information in online social networks: modern way to keep abreast, not trustworthy, can get people interested, good way to have a say. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; questionnaire split; country; nation group; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-11-08 / 2014-11-17
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Iceland (IS)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The STANDARD EUROBAROMETER 82 survey has also been conducted in the six candidate countries (Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania) and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling
Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 33662
    Number of Variables: 760
Note
All question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicate questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 81.4 [ZA5928] respectively 80.1 [ZA5876]. The category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably, except for Germany. Categories for all other countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area - Towns and suburbs / small urban area - Cities / large urban areas). For TURKEY the data provided by TNS do not match with the new scheme, but most likely appear to match with the former 5-point scheme. Value labels applied in former versions were not correct and non-matching data were coded to ´99´ (SYSTEM MISSING in the original data set). Variable p6tr has been reconstructed by the archive for dataset version v3-0-0 using SIZE OF COMMUNITY data for Turkey included in a former integrated variable P6 (ALL COUNTRIES) with the “old” 5-point category scheme. The category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia and Croatia. Data for p1 (date of interview), p2 (time of interview), p3 (duration of interview), p4 (n of persons present during interview), p5 (respondent cooperation), and a corrected REGION NUTS 3 variable for Albania (p7al) have subsequently been delivered by TNS and integrated by the archive starting with dataset v2.0.0. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number) and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available. Four duplicate cases (two doublets) in terms of identical coding of all substantial variables and demographics have been identified for Cyprus (TCC). The corresponding case id variables are not identical. UNIQID is coded ´57000382´/´57000383´, and ´57000393´/´57000394´. CASEID is coded ´382´/´383´, and ´393´/´394´. In addition, identical coding in all substantial variables but minor exceptions in demographics can be detected for following cases from Cyprus (TCC): UNIQID is coded ´57000200´/´57000201´, ´57000205/´57000206´, ‘57000384´/´57000385’, and ‘57000416´/´57000417’. CASEID is coded ´200´/´201´, ´205´/´206´, ´384´/´385´, and ´416´/´417´. Starting with EB 82.3 Albania is included in the Standard Eurobarometer surveys (official candidate country of the EU as of June 2014). Please note the following deviation in the variable report (2018|6; Documentation release 2018/05/24): The derivation text of variable qe3t “MEDIA USE INDEX” is incorrect. The categorization should read as follows: ´Very high´ = 12-18 points, ´High´ = 8-11 points, ´Poor´= 4-7 points, ´Very poor/None´ = 0-3 points.
Availability
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Rights
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5932 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36663.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12854
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12259
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12251
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12208
Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. Europe 2020. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. Media use in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 82. Autumn 2014. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ´Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer´ Unit. Brussels, December 2014.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-27 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2018-05-24