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Child Care Licensing Study, United States, 2012-2014

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, survey data
Creator
  • Fischer, Sheri
  • Orlowski, Tara
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Child Care Licensing Survey Series
Publication Date
2018-05-25
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Child Care
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child care; child health; child nutrition; licensing; state regulations
Description
  • Abstract

    The 2014 Child Care Licensing Study provides information collected about child care licensing programs and policies and the regulations for childcare centers, family child care homes, and group child care homes for all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the two U.S. Territories (Guam and the Virgin Islands). The data about States and Territories' licensing policies, including facility monitoring, enforcement of licensing regulations, and licensing program staffing, were gathered by the National Association for Regulatory Administration (NARA) in the 2014 NARA Child Care Licensing Programs and Policies Survey. NARA sent an online survey to all state child care licensing agencies in September 2014. Respondents submitted their answers via the Internet, and by January 2015, all States had responded. The data from the Licensing Survey cover the following topical areas: Number of licensed facilities; Complaint investigations; Licensing staff; Enforcement actions; Types of inspections; Licensing information on the Internet; Frequency of inspections; Licensing fees; Frequency of licensing; Licensing staff requirements; Inspections and monitoring; Licensing's role in quality initiatives; The child care center licensing regulations used for this study were compiled by the National Center for Early Childhood Quality Assurance from the regulations posted on the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education (NRC) website between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014. That site is no longer active but directs users to the National Database of Child Care Licensing Regulations. The licensing regulations data cover the following areas: Licensing regulations; Additional staff training requirements; Definition of licensed child care centers; Child-staff ratios and group size; Staff roles and age requirements; Supervision of children; Staff qualifications and ongoing training requirements; Care of children; Facility requirements and; Staff hiring requirements; The same web site was used to collect licensing regulations covering the above listed topics for small family child care homes and large/group family child care homes.
  • Abstract

    The role of licensing in the early care and education system is to provide a mandatory floor of program standards and monitoring that will protect children from physical harm and enhance learning and development. Within the early care and education system, licensing covers the broadest content, the largest number of children ages birth to school-age, and the largest population of providers. Using data compiled from state child care licensing regulations and the results of a survey of state licensing agencies, research briefs examine the state of licensing in 2014 and identify trends that have become apparent during several years of data collection. The findings provide evidence that states are making positive changes in their licensing requirements and policies to protect the health and safety of children in out-of-home care.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Responses were received from all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and two U.S. Territories - Guam and the Virgin Islands
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: State Licensing Programs and Policies Data
    • DS2: State Child Care Center Regulations Data
    • DS3: State Small Family Child Care Home Regulations Data
    • DS4: State Large/Group Family Child Care Home Regulations Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2012-01--2014-12
  • 2012-01 / 2014-12
  • Collection date: 2015-01--2015-10
  • 2015-01 / 2015-10
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
State child care licensing agencies in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Territories of Guam and Virgin Islands. Smallest Geographic Unit: state
Collection Mode
  • web-based survey
Note
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Child Care (90TA0002-01-00).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37026 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2019-09-04 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2018-05-25

Fischer, Sheri; Orlowski, Tara (2018): Child Care Licensing Study, United States, 2012-2014. Version 1. Child Care Licensing Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37026.v1