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American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey, 2015

Version
v3
Resource Type
Dataset : observational data, survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Other Title
  • AI/AN FACES 2015 (Alternative Title)
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) Series
Publication Date
2017-05-22
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
Alaskan Natives; child care; child care centers; child development; child health; child rearing; children; classroom observations; curriculum; early childhood education; families; Head Start; Native American culture; Native Americans; parenting skills; parents; Region XI; school readiness; teachers; tribal communities
Description
  • Abstract

    The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) is a major source of information on Head Start programs and the children and families they serve. Since 1997, FACES has conducted studies in a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs, but has historically not included Region XI (programs operated by federally-recognized tribes), whose programs are designed to serve predominantly American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and families. The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015), the first national study of Region XI AI/AN Head Start children and families, is designed to fill this information gap. The design of AI/AN FACES 2015 has been informed by members of the AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup which includes tribal Head Start directors, researchers with expertise working with tribal communities, Mathematica Policy Research study staff, and federal officials from the Office of Head Start, Region XI, and the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. Building on FACES as the foundation, members of the AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup have shared insights and information on the kinds of information needed about children and families served by Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs (including children's development and school readiness, parent and family demographics, health, and program engagement, and teacher, classroom, and program characteristics). Members also provided input on recruitment practices and study methods that are responsive to the unique cultural and self-governing contexts of tribal Head Start programs. Data collection with Region XI children, families, classrooms, and programs took place in the Fall of 2015 and the Spring of 2016. Twenty-one Region XI Head Start programs participated. Procedures for tribal review and approval in each of those 21 communities were followed. Information about this study has been shared broadly with tribal Head Start programs and tribal leaders via OHS tribal consultations, nationally-broadcast webinars, National Indian Head Start Directors' Association Board of Directors (NIHSDA) annual conferences, the 2016 ACF National Research Conference on Early Childhood, and the Secretary's Tribal Advisory Council (STAC) December 2014 and 2016 meetings.
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Preschool Language Assessment Survey (preLAS 2000): Simon Says and Art Show; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Fourth Edition (PPVT-4); Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test-Fourth Edition (EOWPVT); Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Achievement-Third Edition (Spelling, Letter-Word Identification, Applied Problems); ECLS-B Letter Sounds; ECLS mathematics assessment; Pencil Tapping Task; Leiter International Performance Scale Revised (Leiter-R) Examiner Rating Scale; Selected items from the Personal Maturity Scale, Social Skills Rating System and Behavior Problems Index; ECLS-K Approaches to Learning; Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R); Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS); Short (12-item) form of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D); See Chapter III in the User's Manual for a complete listing of the measures/scales used.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: In the AI/AN FACES 2015 study, there were high participation rates at each level and each time point of data collection. Sixty-eight percent of programs selected agreed to participate. Parent consents were received for 93 percent of the children who were sampled. Cooperation rates for the child assessments and teacher child reports were 96 and 95 percent, respectively in fall 2015. Cooperation rates for spring 2016 were 96 and 97 percent for the same instruments. Parent survey cooperation rates were 83 and 82 percent respectively in fall and spring. At least 95 percent of teachers, center and program directors completed surveys in spring 2016, and all classrooms were observed.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2015--2016
  • 2015 / 2016
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs participating in AI/AN FACES 2015 were a probability sample selected from among 147 study-eligible programs on the 2012-2013 Head Start Program Information Report (PIR). To be eligible for the study, a program had to be providing services directly to children ages 3 to 5, and not be in imminent danger of losing its grantee status. Furthermore, programs in Regions I through X and Migrant and Seasonal Head Start (Region XII) were not eligible. Probability samples of centers were selected within each program, classrooms within each center, and children within each classroom. Teachers associated with selected classrooms were included in the study with certainty, as were parents associated with selected children.
Sampling
The sample is a multi-stage sample, with the first two of four stages (programs and centers) being selected with probability proportion to size (based on number of classrooms). Classrooms (stage three) and children (stage four) were sampled with equal probability. Twenty-one programs participated in AI/AN FACES 2015. An average of two centers and two classrooms in each center were selected. All children were selected in each classroom to yield 10 participating children. A description of the sample design for the data collection is found in Chapter II of the User's Manual.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
  • coded on-site observation
  • cognitive assessment test
  • mail questionnaire
  • paper and pencil interview (PAPI)
  • web-based survey
Note
2018-06-01 Updated to add SAS format files. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (HHSP23320095642WC/HHSP23337052T).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36804 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36804.v2
Publications
  • Barofsky, Meryl Yoches, Hoard, Laura, AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup. Region XI Head Start: American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start: A Portrait of Children and Families. OPRE Report #2018-71.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families. 2018.
    • ID: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/14007_acfopre_aian_brief_508_compliantb_2.pdf (URL)
  • Bernstein, Sara, Aikens, Nikki, Bush, Charles, Feeney, Kathleen, Klein, Ashley Kopack, Lukashanets, Serge, Malone, Lizabeth M., Reid, Maya. Descriptive Data on Region XI Head Start Children and Families: AI/AN FACES Fall 2015-Spring 2016 Data Tables and Study Design. OPRE Report 2018-26.Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. 2018.
    • ID: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/aian_faces_technical_report_final_to_opre_508.pdf (URL)
  • Bernstein, Sara, Malone, Lizabeth, AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup. A Year in Region XI Head Start: Children’s Growth and Development from the American Indian and Alaska Native Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015). OPRE Report #2018-72.Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families. 2018.
    • ID: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED592745.pdf (URL)
  • Malone, Lizabeth M., Atkins-Burnett, Sally, Bernstein, Sara, Xue, Yange. Psychometric Analyses of Child Outcome Measures with American Indian and Alaska Native Preschoolers: Initial Evidence from AI/AN FACES 2015: Technical Report. OPRE Report 2018-21.Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. 2018.
    • ID: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/aian_faces_child_outcome_psychometric_analysis_final_040318_508.pdf (URL)
  • Malone, Lizabeth M., Barofsky, Meryl Yoches, Hoard, Laura R.. Overview and access to the American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES) 2015. Webinar, Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2018.
  • Malone, Lizabeth M., Barofsky, Meryl Yoches, Hoard, Laura R.. The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015): Study overview and data access processes [PowerPoint]. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, Webinar notes. 2018.
  • Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.. Measurement updates for the American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES 2015): A comparison table of AI/AN FACES 2015 to FACES 2014 instruments. Washington, DC: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.. 2018.
  • Malone, Lizabeth M., Sarche, Michelle C.. American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES). Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. 2013.

Update Metadata: 2019-09-04 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2018-06-01

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (2017): American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey, 2015. Version 3. Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) Series. Version: v3. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36804.v3