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Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Neuroscience Project, 2012-2016

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : experimental data, survey data
Creator
  • Ryff, Carol D.
  • Davidson, Richard J.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Series
Publication Date
2018-06-07
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
adults; cognitive functioning; emotional states; memory; neuroscience; psychosocial assessment
Description
  • Abstract

    The MIDUS Refresher Neuroscience Project studied 138 participants from the Refresher sample. These respondents included two distinct subsamples, all of whom completed both the Survey Project and the Biomarker Project's assessment at the University of Wisconsin-Madison: the Main Refresher (n = 93) and Milwaukee Refresher (n = 45) samples. The purpose of the Neuroscience Project is to examine the central circuitry associated with individual differences in affective style that represent a continuum from vulnerability to resilience, and to characterize the peripheral consequences of these central profiles for biological systems that may be relevant to health.
  • Abstract

    The primary aims of this study were to: characterize individual differences in emotional reactivity, recovery, and sustaining processes using psychophysiological measures such as corrugator and zygomatic electromyography and eyeblink startle magnitude,; characterize individual differences in brain morphology and connectivity, in particular amygdala and hippocampal volume and prefrontal regional cortical thickness, using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion weighted imaging; characterize individual differences in activity within the neural circuitry of emotion using task and resting state functional MRI, and; test the ability of these indices to predict the comprehensive array of health, wellbeing, cognitive, psychological, social, and life challenge factors assessed in the other MIDUS projects.;
  • Methods

    To probe individual differences in emotional processes the Neuroscience Project examined both psychophysiological and fMRI measures during the presentation of negative, positive, and neutral pictures, and these same measures during a post-picture period. Emotion-influenced memory was assessed at both the psychophysiological and imaging sessions: Free recall of the presented affective pictures at the end of the psychophysiological session.; Memory and likeability ratings for neutral faces that were paired with the affective pictures in the imaging task (a neutral face was presented 2 seconds after each affective picture) as a probe of recovery processes.; The logic of this strategy is that continued activation during the recovery period following a negative stimulus is indicative of poor negative emotion regulation, whereas continued activity during the recovery period following a positive stimulus is indicative of better sustaining of positive emotional responses. Finally, the emotional processing elicited by the affective pictures can continue beyond their presentation, depending on these individual differences in affective style, resulting in affective biasing or coloring of subsequently encountered events such as the neutral faces in the imaging task.
  • Methods

    The measures included in this collection include the following: Self-reports: Participants were given various questionnaires including State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule, Dispositional Positive Emotion Scale, Cube and Paper Test, Emotion Regulation, and Interpersonal Reactivity Index; CANTAB Cognitive measures: The researchers used Motor Screening Test, Intra-Extra Dimensional Set Shift, Affective Go/No-go, Information Sampling Test, Attention Switching Task, Emotion Recognition Task, and Cambridge Gambling Task; Psychophysiology Tasks: These include Startle Eyeblink, Corrugator EMG, and Zygomaticus EMG; Free Recall: Participants were given up to 15 minutes to recall as many of the pictures seen during the psychophysiology task as possible by writing descriptions onto a blank sheet of paper.; Picture Ratings: These include Valence (Unpleasant vs. Pleasant) and Arousal (Calm vs. Excited); Hearing Test: Tones of various frequencies (250, 500, 1000 Hz) were played for participants in one ear at a time. Participants indicated when they were able to hear a tone.;
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: DPES- Dispositional Positive Emotion Scale; PANAS- Positive and Negative Affect Schedule; RASQ- Reactivity to Affective Stimuli Questionnaire; STXS- Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory; ERQ- Emotional Regulation Questionnaire
  • Methods

    Response Rates: No information is given.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2012-10--2016-08
  • 2012-10 / 2016-08
  • Collection date: 2012-10--2016-08
  • 2012-10 / 2016-08
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Adult non-institutionalized population in the contiguous United States aged 25-75. For the Milwaukee Refresher Sample, the adult non-institutionalized African-American population in the Milwaukee metropolitan area aged 25-64 Smallest Geographic Unit: No geographic information is included other than for the Milwaukee cases.
Sampling
All respondents participating in MIDUS Refresher (ICPSR 36532) or MIDUS Milwaukee Refresher (ICPSR 36722) studies who completed both Project 1 (Survey) and Project 4 (Biomarker) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison were eligible to participate in the MIDUS Refresher Neuroscience assessments.
Collection Mode
  • cognitive assessment test
  • self-enumerated questionnaire
Note
2019-12-16 This collection has been updated to include fully curated data files with standardized labels and an ICPSR codebook with question text. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Aging (5P01AG020166).
Availability
Download
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (ICPSR-help@umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37094 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37094.v2
Publications
  • Craig, Curtis M., Neilson, Brittany N., Klein, Martina I., Overbeek, Randy W.. Self-reported nature exposure and its association with well-being as measured with affect and cognition. Visions for Sustainability.(11), 83-84.2019.
    • ID: 10.13135/2384-8677/3380 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2019-12-16 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2018-06-07

Ryff, Carol D.; Davidson, Richard J. (2018): Midlife in the United States (MIDUS Refresher): Neuroscience Project, 2012-2016. Version 1. Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37094.v1