Youth 2015 (Cumulation 2002, 2006, 2010, 2015)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Albert, Mathias (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Hurrelmann, Klaus (Universität Bielefeld)
  • Quenzel, Gudrun (Universität Bielefeld)
Publication Date
  • TNS Infratest Sozialforschung, Munich (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Society, Culture
    • Family
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Youth
    • Society and culture
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Religion and values
    • Social conditions and indicators
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
  • Abstract

    Values, interests, wishes and social understanding of young people. Cumulative data set of Shell youth studies in 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2015. Topics: The following topics are included in the total data set. In some cases, they were asked at each survey time, but in some cases only at one or more survey times. What is ´in´ and what is ´out´ (loyalty, career, politics, beliefs, appearance, Europe, shares, technology, self-employment, branded clothing, organic shops, taking responsibility, studying, getting married, drug use, citizens´ initiatives); personal future expectations and social vision; fears (e.g. environmental pollution, war in Europe, physical threat, terrorist attacks, job loss, etc.); approval of selected statements about Germany (beautiful landscapes and cities, great achievements in literature and art, globally sought-after products, strong economy, busy and hard-working people, social security, protection from crime, country in which one can live according to one´s own ideas, political co-determination of the citizens, has learned from the mistakes of his past, model for other countries); leisure activities; self-assessment of health; frequency of alcohol consumption; frequency of consumption of selected foods and stimulants; smoking status; frequency of sports activities per week; satisfaction with body weight; piercing; tattoo; visibility of tattoos; solarium use; own mobile phone; Internet access and weekly duration of use; Internet usage preferences; type of Internet access (computer, laptop, notebook, tablet, smartphone, other Internet-enabled mobile phone, Internet-enabled television, Internet-enabled game console, no Internet use); frequency of use for selected Internet activities (e.g. writing blogs, visiting blogs and forums, informing about politics and society, social networks, chats, etc.); opinion on social networks (careful handling of personal data, little time for other things through frequent Internet use, Facebook and Google earn a lot of money with user data, enjoy Liking, enjoy Internet contacts, you have to be part of social networks to catch the activities of others, Facebook and Google want to control the Internet, if you lose a smartphone, tablet or notebook half your life would be missing); frequency of Facebook use; number of friends on Facebook; number of Facebook friends among close friends; trust in Facebook; heard of whistleblower Edward Snowden; concerns about personal data due to Edward Snowden´s discovery; political interest; reception of political broadcasts on television; intention to participate in the next federal elections; active information about politics and sources of information; attitude towards lowering the voting age for federal elections to 16 years; attitude towards a youth rate analogous to the proportion of women in political positions; only young people aged 15 years and older: self-assessment on a left-right continuum; reason why no self-assessment left-right; trust in selected groups and organisations (institutional trust); attitude towards political questions: efficacy, political disenchantment and democracy norms (scales: politicians don´t care what people think, political understanding, politicians only interested in being elected and not in the will of the voters, politics too complicated, only a few powerful people have influence on the government, party politics is boring, in politics more young people should have a say, every citizen has the right to take to the streets for his convictions, citizens lose the right to strikes and demonstrations if public order is endangered, everyone should have the right to stand up for his opinion, even if the majority disagrees, viable democracy without political opposition is inconceivable, in any society conflicts that can only be resolved by violence, even those who are right in political disputes should seek compromise, participation in elections as a civic duty of any democracy, strong hand should bring order back into our state); all again: most competent party for solving the problems in Germany; advocating a ban on the NPD; personally used possibilities of political participation; future social fields of responsibility; opinion on technical progress with regard to risks to humans; experienced disadvantage due to various characteristics (age, gender, social commitment, nationality, appearance, social origin, live in a certain part of Germany, political convictions, religion); assessment of selected possibilities of political influence and own political participation; interest in world affairs; increase or decrease in interest in world affairs; opinion on international Federal Armed Forces missions; asserting German interests more strongly in the world; Germany´s important role in the world; Germany´s greater global importance in the world; cooperation with the USA in foreign and security policy; group affiliation as a German, as a European, as a citizen of the world, as a citizen of the federal state or as a citizen of the place of residence; only young people aged 15 and over: approval of selected statements about Germany and its role in the world (Germany should have political leadership role in Europe, Russia should remain an important partner for Germany, etc.); again all: personal social, political and societal commitment; place or grouping of personal commitment; function as class spokesperson; attitude towards personal political activity; contacts to foreigners in Germany; attitude towards immigration; opinion on the admission of refugees; only young people over 15 years of age: satisfaction with democracy in Germany; satisfaction with democracy as a form of government in general or preference for another alternative (strong man or strong party rule alone, socialist system, admits nothing better, although democracy does not please); again all: attitude towards specific population groups in the immediate vicinity (social distance to: homosexuals, ethnic German immigrants, families with many children, students, pensioners, welfare recipients, Africans, disabled persons and Turks); value orientations and importance for the personal way of life (e.g. respect law and order, high standard of living, power and influence, etc.); attitudes towards life and life goals (scale, only young people over 15); national pride; assessment of the end of adolescence and the beginning of belonging to the elderly; characteristics of the older and younger generations; assessment of the problems of demographic change; attitude towards demographic change in relation to society; harmonious or tense relationship between young and old (intergenerational conflict); assessment of the future development of the relationship between young and old; thoughts and expectations regarding one´s own old-age provision (only young people over 15); opinion on the distribution of wealth between old and young; idea of old age; only for young people over 15: associations in connection with the European Union; support for the abolition of compulsory military service; attitudes towards Turkey´s accession to the European Union; views on European integration and EU enlargement to the East; heard about globalisation; associations in connection with globalisation; expectations of globalisation (e.g. better and cheaper products through increased competition, American culture is becoming more and more popular, life is becoming more interesting and diverse, etc.); rather advantages or rather disadvantages by globalisation; trust in selected organisations or groups for the positive development of globalisation; heard about climate change; assessment of the problem of climate change; attitude to climate change (scale); personal commitment to climate protection (scale); again all: attitude to developing countries; psychological self-characterization; attitudes to life (e.g. future confidence, self-efficacy, willingness to perform, loneliness); personal problem-solving behaviour; importance of family and own children for personal happiness; attitude to marriage; basic trust in fellow men; siblings; firm partnership and belonging to a firm group or clique; satisfaction with the circle of friends; composition of the circle of friends (Germans, migrants); own opinion leadership in the clique and self-evaluation of popularity. Demography: Age (year of birth); sex; born in Germany and German nationality; parents born in Germany (immigrant background); own children and number of children; desire for (further) children and number of desired (further) children; denomination; importance of religion in the parental home; religious conviction (personal God or supernatural power); belief in God and in life after death (scale); frequency of prayer; attitude to church and esoterics (scale); education; currently attended school form; aspired school leaving certificate; transfer endangered or class repeated; language skills other than German in selected languages; gainful employment; professional position; inadequate school qualification; foreign language other than the mother tongue; private lessons; satisfaction with school and stress at school; change of residence for training or occupation; training satisfaction; perceived training stress; expected takeover by the training company after completion of training; internship satisfaction; used in the internship by the employer; expected takeover after the internship; date of the internship; internship made sense for further career; security of achieving the desired school leaving certificate; study satisfaction; stress in everyday life at university; military or military service, respectively civil service satisfaction; satisfaction with the current situation; job satisfaction; working in the profession of training; satisfied in the profession or desire for another job; desire to pursue the profession of training; performance-related remuneration; expected fulfilment of professional desires; work and occupation: expectations of the profession; sufficient free time in addition to the profession; ideas on working time regulations and on the compatibility of family and profession; jobs in leisure time and number of hours per week; military service, civil service or voluntary social service or ecological year; preference for military or civilian service in the course of compulsory military service; interest in a voluntary social or ecological year; privately provided care or support services; assessment of personal financial situation; comparison of personal financial situation with that of friends; family background: parents deceased, living together, separated or divorced; way of life; frequency of contact with grandparents; already used outside the parents´ home; highest school leaving certificate of parents; relationship with parents; assessment of the political interest of parents; association membership of parents; rigour of education and characterisation of the educational style of parents; adoption of parenting styles; situations of violent clashes (fights) in the last year; number of books in the parents´ home; parents´ residential status; household size; net household income; coping with household income; life satisfaction; assessment of personal future; willingness to participate in an in-depth discussion. Additionally coded was: age; class affiliation; West/East; age grouped; migration background; wave identification; federal state; settlement structure type (BIK); extrapolation factor and weighting factor per wave.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2002-03 / 2002-04
  • 2006-01 / 2006-02
  • 2010-01 / 2010-02
  • 2015-01 / 2015-03
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Adolescents and young adults aged 12 to 25 years
Sampling Procedure Comment: Non-probability Sample: Quota Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 10209
    Number of Variables: 664
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA5245 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Shell Deutschland Holding (Hrsg.); Albert, Mathias; Hurrelmann, Klaus; Quenzel, Gudrun; TNS Infratest Sozialforschung: Jugend 2015. 17. Shell Jugendstudie. Frankfurt: Fischer 2015
  • Shell Deutschland Holding (Hrsg.); Albert, Mathias; Hurrelmann, Klaus; Quenzel, Gudrun; TNS Infratest Sozialforschung: Jugend 2010: Eine pragmatische Generation behauptet sich. 16. Shell Jugendstudie. Frankfurt: Fischer 2010
  • Shell Deutschland Holding (Hrsg.); Hurrelmann, Klaus; Albert, Mathias; TNS Infratest Sozialforschung: 15. Shell Jugendstudie. Jugend 2006: Eine pragmatische Generation unter Druck. Frankfurt: Fischer 2006

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 16 | Registration Date: 2018-07-27