ALLBUS/GGSS 1994 (Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften/German General Social Survey 1994)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • GESIS - Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
Publication Date
  • Allerbeck, Klaus R. (Universität Frankfurt) (Researcher)
  • Allmendinger, Jutta (Universität München) (Researcher)
  • Müller, Walter (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Opp, Karl-Dieter (Universität Leipzig) (Researcher)
  • Pappi, Franz U. (Universität Mannheim) (Researcher)
  • Scheuch, Erwin K. (Universität Köln) (Researcher)
  • Ziegler, Rolf (Universität München) (Researcher)
  • Infratest Burke, München (Data Collector)
  • Infratest Burke, Berlin (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Society, Culture
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Migration
    • Social behaviour and attitudes
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Family life and marriage
    • Gender and gender roles
    • Social and occupational mobility
    • Specific social services: use and provision
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic systems and development
  • Abstract

    Social monitoring of trends in attitudes, behavior, and societal change in the Federal Republic of Germany. The main topics in 1994 are: 1.) Economic situations and occupational life 2.) Social inequality and the welfare state 3.) Attitudes towards and contacts with foreigners living in Germany 4.) Political attitudes 5.) Attitudes relating to the process of German re-unification 6.) ALLBUS-Demography 7.) Data on the interview (paradata) 8.) Family and changing gender roles II (ISSP 1994) 9.) Added value Topics: 1.) Economic situations and occupational life: assessments of present and future economic situation in Germany and in respondent´s own federal state; assessment of current and future personal economic situation; education and occupation; fear of unemployment or loss of business; length of personal unemployment; social origin; evaluation of personal occupational success and expectations for the future; attitude towards personal occupation; fear of unemployment or loss of own business. 2.) Social inequality and the welfare state: self-assessment of social class; fair share in standard of living; evaluation of personal occupational success, comparison with father´s position; attitudes towards the German economic system and evaluation of welfare state measures; realization of personal ideas of success; evaluation of appropriate education opportunities for everyone; attitudes towards social differences and conditions for success; opinions on personal social security; stance on extension or reduction in social services; opinion on level of income in personal household. 3.) Attitudes towards and contacts with foreigners living in Germany: citizenship; scale of attitudes towards foreigners; contacts with foreigners living in Germany or with foreign guest-workers (Gastarbeiter, split) within the family, at work, in the neighborhood, or among friends. 4.) Political attitudes: political interest; postmaterialism (importance of law and order, fighting rising prices, free expression of opinions, and influence on governmental decisions); self-placement on a left-right continuum; confidence in public institutions and organizations (public health service, federal constitutional court, federal parliament (Bundestag), city or municipal administration, armed forces, churches, judiciary, television, newspapers, universities, federal government, trade unions, police, employment offices, retirement insurance, employers´ association, European Community Commission, European Parliament, European Court of Justice); party-sympathy-scales for the CDU, SPD, CSU, F.D.P., The Greens (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), Republicans (Republikaner), PDS; opinion on the performance of the political system in Germany (political support). 5.) Attitudes relating to the process of German re-unification: attitude towards the demand for increased willingness to make sacrifices in the West and more patience in the East; more advantages for East or West through re-unification; the future in the East depends on the willingness of eastern Germans to make an effort; strangeness of citizens in the other part of Germany; performance pressure in the new states; attitude towards dealing with the Stasi-past of individuals; evaluation of socialism as an idea. 6.) ALLBUS-Demography: Details about the respondent: gender; month and year of birth, age; geographical origin and citizenship; migration to East or West Germany; place of residence (federal state, administrative region, size of municipality, BIK-type of municipality, Boustedt-type of municipality) and length of residence; religious denomination, frequency of church attendance; voting intention (Sonntagsfrage); general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation, length of employment, industrial sector, affiliation to public service, supervisory functions, working hours per week; date of termination of full- or part-time employment; details about former occupation; length of unemployment; respondent´s income; marital status. Details about respondent´s current spouse: general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation. Details about respondent´s steady extra-marital partner: common household; distribution of household chores; month and year of birth, age; general education, vocational training; employment status; details about current occupation. Details about respondent´s parents: general education and vocational training of father and mother; father´s occupation. Composition of household: size of household; household income; type of dwelling. Details about household members: relation to respondent; gender; month and year of birth, age; marital status. Respondent´s current memberships (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB, blue-collar union), Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft (DAG, white-collar union), other union, political party). 7.) Data on the interview (paradata): beginning and end of interview; date of interview; length of interview; presence of other people during the interview (presence of spouse, partner, children, relatives, other persons); willingness of respondent to cooperate. Data on the interviewer: gender, age, educational level, identification of interviewer. 8.) Family and changing gender roles II (ISSP): attitude towards employment of mothers and married women; role distribution of man and woman in occupation and household; preferred extent of employment for women during different stages of child raising; attitudes towards marriage, single-parenting, cohabitation before marriage, and divorce; the ideal number of children; views on the significance of children; opinion on separation of spouses with and without children; obedience or independent thinking as the more important educational goal; employment of mother during childhood of respondent; current frequency of visits with one´s mother; personal divorce; living with spouse or other partner; prior divorce of current partner; previous co-habitation without subsequent marriage; views on paid maternal leave, financial aid for working parents, and on abortion; opinion on pre-marital sexual intercourse, sexual intercourse between minors, marital infidelity, and homosexuality of adults; experience with sexual harassment at the workplace; management of income in marriage or partnership; allocation of duties in the household; division of gainful employment and principal earner in partnership; gainful employment in various phases of child raising; general attitudes towards employment. 9.) Added value: Inglehart-index; family typology, classification of private households (according to Porst and Funk); International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968, 1988); occupational prestige (according to Treiman); magnitude prestige (according to Wegener); occupational meta-classification (according to Terwey); class position (according to Goldthorpe); weights.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-02 / 1994-05
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
All persons (German and non-German) who resided in private households and were born before 1 January 1976.
Probability: Stratified: Disproportional; Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Sample of individuals: Two stage disproportionate random sample in western Germany (incl. West Berlin) and eastern Germany (incl. East Berlin). In the first sample stage 104 municipalities (Gemeinden) in western Germany and 47 municipalities (Gemeinden) in eastern Germany were selected with a probability proportional to their number of adult residents; in the second sample stage 40 persons (in large cities a corresponding multiple thereof) were selected at random from the municipal registers of residents. Targeted individuals who did not have adequate knowledge of German to conduct the interview were treated as systematic unit non-responses.
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
  • Personal interview with standardized questionnaire (PAPI - Paper and Pencil Interviewing), additional self-completion questionnaire (drop off) for ISSP
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 3450
    Number of Variables: 441
Respondents from the area of the new federal states are oversampled so that analysts can obtain a more detailed picture of this portion of the population. In part a questionnaire with two split versions was used: In the questions about ethnocentrism, the term guest-worker (Gastarbeiter), which was used in previous ALLBUS surveys, was replaced by foreigners living in Germany in 50% of the sample. A second version of this data set with a shortened demography module is available as ALLBUScompact 1994 (ZA No. 3717).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA2400 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • ALLBUS (Type: FDZ)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.2400
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph.: Die Allgemeine Bevölkerungsumfrage der Sozialwissenschaften (ALLBUS). Rückblick und Ausblick in die neunziger Jahre. In: ZUMA-Nachrichten 29, 1991, S. 7-28.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: Das Programm und Erweiterungen des bestehenden Angebots. In: ZA-Information 42, 1998, S. 33-43.
  • Terwey, Michael: ALLBUS: A German General Social Survey. Schmollers Jahrbuch 120, 2000, S. 151-158.
  • Terwey, Michael: Zum aktuellen Wandel im Zugriff auf ALLBUS-Materialien und zur ALLBUS-Nutzung in Publikationen. In: ZA-Information 53, 2003, S. 195-202.
  • Veröffentlichungsreihe "Blickpunkt Gesellschaft": Müller, Walter; Mohler, Peter Ph.; Erbslöh, Barbara; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1990.
  • Mohler, Peter Ph.; Bandilla, Wolfgang (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 2. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger in Ost und West. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1992.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 3. Einstellungen und Verhalten der Bundesbürger. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1994.
  • Braun, Michael; Mohler, Peter Ph. (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 4. Soziale Ungleichheit in Deutschland. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag 1998.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 5. Deutsche und Ausländer: Freunde, Fremde oder Feinde? Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag 2000.
  • Koch, Achim; Wasmer, Martina; Schmidt, Peter (Hrsg.): Blickpunkt Gesellschaft: 6. Politische Partizipation in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Empirische Befunde und theoretische Erklärungen. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2001.
  • Alba, Richard; Schmidt, Peter; Wasmer, Martina (Hrsg.): Germans or Foreigners? Attitudes Towards Ethnic Minorities in Post-Reunification Germany. New York und Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan 2003.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 16 | Registration Date: 2018-11-12