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Bogart Lefors and Satchell London road and canal carriers Explorations in Economic History Paper Data

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset : other
Creator
  • Bogart, Dan (UC Irvine)
Publication Date
2018-01-03
Funding Reference
  • NSF
    • Award Number: SES-1260699
  • Leverhulme Trust
    • Award Number: RPG-2013-093
Free Keywords
Canals; new goods; creative destruction
Description
  • Abstract

    Canals played a key role in the industrial revolution by creating the infrastructure for inland waterway transport. Public carriers responded to canals and the growing demand for transport by innovating in service speed, quality, and reliability. How did their innovations affect the transport market, especially road carriers? One hypothesis is that road and canal carriers complemented one another, offering services with different speeds and prices. Another sees them as competitors with canal carriers winning based on their lower operating costs. We test these hypotheses using London trade directories, which detail road and waterway services from London to most cities from 1779 to 1827. Our main results show that introducing the standard canal barge service between London and a major city had no effect on the number of road carrier services supplied to that same city-pair. By contrast, introducing an express canal service, known as the fly boat, significantly reduced road carrier services supplied. Fly boats are found to have weaker competition effects if the ratio of waterway to road distance was greater and on short and long route distances. The results provide new insights on the importance of speed and service innovation during the industrial revolution.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1779-01-01 / 1827-12-31
    Time Period: Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1779--Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1827
Geographic Coverage
  • England, city data
Sampled Universe
Weekly road wagon and coach services from London to 53 major cities as listed in directories. Indicators for weekly barge, coastal vessel, and fly boat services from London to same cities. 

Weekly road wagon and coach services from London to subsidiaries of the 53 major cities as listed in directories. The subsidiaries are interpreted as spokes and major cities as hubs in the service London network.
Smallest Geographic Unit: English cities with a population more than 2500 in 1750
Collection Mode
  • Variable name, variable description

    city, name of city

    cityid, city numeric id

    endbatesroute, indicator if city is at the end of Bates route.

    county, county where city is located

    Year, year of directory observation

    distance, 1830 road distance from London to city in km

    internalwaterdist, internal waterway distance from London to city in meters. Note equals -1 if ther is no barge or fly boat service


    dbarge, indicator equal to one if city has a barge service from London in that directory year, otherwise zero


    dvessel, indicator equal to one if city has a vessel service from London in that directory year, otherwise zero



    dflyboatnowagon, indicator equal to one if city has a fly boat service from London in that directory year, excluding services that use wagon for part of route, otherwise zero


    dflyboatall, indicator equal to one if city has any fly boat service from London in that directory year, otherwise zero


    allwagonnoboat, number of weekly road carrier services from London to city, includes
    wagons, vans, fly wagons, post wagons, and canal wagons

    wagon, number of weekly wagon carrier services from London to city

    van, number of weekly van carrier services from London to city

    flywagon, number of weekly fly wagon carrier services from London to city



    postwagon,  number of weekly post wagon carrier services from London to city

    canalwagon, number of weekly canal wagon carrier services from London to city


    allcoach, number of weekly road passenger services from London to city, includes coaches, diligence, machines, post coaches

    diligence, number of weekly diligence passenger services from London to city

    machine, number of weekly machine passenger services from London to city

    coach, number of weekly coach passenger services from London to city

    Post Coach, number of weekly post coach passenger services from London to city


    dbargeonebefore, indicator for one directory year before city has first barge service from London, otherwise zero


    dbarget0, indicator for directory year city has first barge service from London, otherwise zero

    dbargeoneyearafter, indicator for first directory year after city has first barge service from London, otherwise zero

    dbargeg1after, indicator for directory years greater than one directory year after city has first barge service from London, otherwise zero


    dflyboatonebefore, indicator for one directory year before city has first fly boat service (all) from London, otherwise zero


    dflyboatt0 indicator for directory year city has first fly boat service (all) from London, otherwise zero


    dflyboatoneyearafter, indicator for all directory years greater than first directory year city has fly boat service (all) from London, otherwise zero

    susbsidiarycity, name of subsidiary city to city. Note if no subsidiary city then label 'no match' is given

    allwagonnoboat_subsid_total, number of weekly road carrier services from London to subsidiary city, includes wagons, vans, fly wagons, post wagons, and canal wagons

    wagon_subsid_total, number of weekly wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    van_subsid_total, number of weekly van carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    flywagon2_subsid_total, number of weekly fly wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    postwagon_subsid_total, number of weekly post wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    canalwagon_subsid_total, number of weekly canal wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    allwagonnoboat_subsid_direct, number of weekly direct road carrier services from London to subsidiary city, includes wagons, vans, fly wagons, post wagons, and canal wagons

    wagon_subsid_direct, number of weekly direct wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    van_subsid_direct, number of weekly direct van carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    flywagon_subsid_direct, number of weekly direct fly wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    postwagon_subsid_direct, number of weekly direct post wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    canalwagon_subsid_direct, number of weekly direct canal wagon carrier services from London to subsidiary city

    allwagon_subsid_connecting, number of weekly connecting road carrier services from London to subsidiary city, includes wagons, vans, fly wagons, post wagons, and canal wagons

    dbarge_tohub indicator, if main city to subsidiary (aka hub) has a barge service from London in that directory year, otherwise zero. Note when subsidiary observations is not blank, this variable equals dbarge

    dflyboatall_tohub, indicator if main city to subsidiary (aka hub) has any fly boat service from London in that directory year, otherwise zero. Note when subsidiary observations is not blank, this variable equals dflyboatall

    dvessel_tohub, indicator if main city to subsidiary (aka hub) has any vessel service from London in that directory year, otherwise zero. Note when subsidiary observations is not blank, this variable equals dvessel

Availability
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Update Metadata: 2018-11-15 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2018-11-15

Bogart, Dan (2018): Bogart Lefors and Satchell London road and canal carriers Explorations in Economic History Paper Data. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/E105544V1-9382