Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics, PSED II, United States, 2005-2011

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Curtin, Richard T.
  • Reynolds, Paul D. (Paul Davidson)
Other Title
  • PSED II (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States. Small Business Administration
  • University of Michigan
  • National Science Foundation
  • National Science Foundation
  • Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
business conditions; business expenditures; business leaders; business ownership; business revenue; employment; entrepreneurs; industry; startup companies
  • Abstract

    The Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) research program was designed to longitudinally examine the startup process with multi-year cohort tracking, so as to enhance the scientific understanding of how individuals start businesses. The project provided data on the process of business formation based on nationally-representative samples of nascent entrepreneurs, those active in business creation. PSED I (available from ICPSR as study 37203) began with screening in 1998-2000 to select a cohort of 830 with three follow-up interviews. The panel participants were identified prior to launch of their firms and were tracked through gestation, launch and eventual growth or death of the firm. A control group of those not involved in firm creation were available for comparisons. PSED II began with screening in 2005-2006, followed by six yearly interviews. The information obtained as part of the PSED research program included data on the nature of those active as nascent entrepreneurs, the activities undertaken during the start-up process, and the characteristics of start-up efforts that become new firms. The PSED II data included as part of this collection includes: Dataset 1: Screener Data (58 variables, 31,845 cases); Dataset 2: Waves A-F plus Screener Data (7,821 variables, 1,214 cases); Demographic variables included as part of this collection comprises age, race, ethnicity, gender, household income, educational attainment, employment status, marital status, citizenship, household characteristics, and business characteristics.
  • Abstract

    The Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) provided detailed information on a representative national sample involved in the firm creation process. The PSED research program provided data describing the start-up phase of the business dynamic process. The Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) II was designed to follow-up and build off of the earlier PSED I. First, whereas the PSED I cohort was identified during the height of attention to firm creation during the boom in 1998-2000, the PSED II cohort was identified during 2005-2006, a more typical period. Second, methodological improvements based on experience with the previous study led to improved and more reliable measures. Third, increased attention was paid to differences in the participation and experience of different ethnic groups, particularly the higher entry into the process by African Americans combined with less success in developing a new firm. Finally, in response to factors that arose during the analysis stage of PSED I, the PSED II cohort increased the sample of nascent entrepreneurs
  • Methods

    The research procedure for Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) consisted of three phases. The first consisted of identifying a representative sample of those actively involved in the new firm creation process, the nascent entrepreneurs. They were identified from phone interviews completed with adults from a representative sample of households that met four criteria: 1) they considered themselves as involved in the firm creation process, 2) they were engaged in some start-up activity in the past 12 months, 3) they expected to own all or part of the new firm, and 4) the initiative had not progressed to the point it would be considered an operating business. For PSED II, 31,845 individuals were screened to locate 1,214 nascent entrepreneurs from October 2005 to January 2006. The average time required for this screening module was 2 minutes. These nascent entrepreneurs represented 12 million individuals between the ages of 18 and 74 years old. The second phase involved the completion of a 60 minute phone interview that covered a wide range of topics related to the initiation of a new firm. While the screening was completed by a commercial survey firm, the detailed data was collected by the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research. The topics covered included information on the nature of the business, start-up activities implemented on behalf of the new firm, incorporation into business registries, the nature of the start-up team and helping networks, sources and amounts of financial support, evaluations of the immediate context, competitive strategy and growth expectations, along with details of the motivations, perspectives, self-descriptions, background, and family context of the responding nascent entrepreneur. The third phase involved the follow-up phone interviews, also about 60 minutes long. The initial contact for the first follow-up interview occurred 52 weeks following completion of the initial detailed interview, the second follow-up 104 weeks, and so forth. The topics of the interview varied depending on the status of the initiative at the time of the follow-up. Those nascent entrepreneurs that reported they had disengaged from the initiative (quit) received a few questions about start-up activity and a few items about the reasons for their decision. All others received most of the same interview schedule provided in the first interview, which provided them with a chance to update their case file with reports of new activity or changes in the start-up team or financial structure. They did not receive most of the modules related to enduring features of the responding nascent entrepreneur (self- descriptions, family background, etc.) covered in the first detailed interview.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Screener Data, Public-Use
    • DS2: Screener Data, Restricted-Use
    • DS3: Waves A-F plus Screener Data, Public-Use
    • DS4: Waves A-F plus Screener Data, Restricted-Use
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2005--2011
  • 2005 / 2011
  • Collection date: 2005-09--2006-02
  • 2005-09 / 2006-02
  • Collection date: 2005-09--2011-04
  • 2005-09 / 2011-04
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
A representative sample of nascent entrepreneurs identified in the United States in late 2005 and early 2006. Smallest Geographic Unit: County
The initial phase was to interview a representative sample of adults to identify those active in the firm creation process. Those who qualified were invited to participate in a more detailed interview about their current situation and activities. For Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) II, 31,845 individuals were screened to locate 1,214 nascent entrepreneurs from October 2005 to January 2006.
Collection Mode
  • telephone interview
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37202 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37202.v1

Update Metadata: 2018-11-28 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2018-11-28