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Eurobarometer 87.4 (2017)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Perception of Security, and Gender Equality (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.3 ‘Media monitoring and analysis’ (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Mediana, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Legal system, Legislation, Law
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Law, crime and legal systems
    • Crime
    • Information society
    • Gender and gender roles
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Designing Europe’s future (Embargo), 2. Perception of security, 3. Gender equality. Topics: 1. Designing Europe’s future (Embargo) 2. Perception of security: attitudes regarding the following statements: EU, own country, own city, immediate neighbourhood is a secure place to live in; importance of each of the following challenges to the EU’s internal security: organized crime, terrorism, cybercrime, management of external borders, natural and man-made disasters; approval of selected statements regarding the sufficiency of police and other law enforcement authorities’ activities in the own country in the fight against: corruption, money laundering, terrorism, cybercrime, drug trafficking, arms trafficking, human trafficking and sexual exploitation; attitude towards the following statements on the fight of police and other law enforcement authorities in the own country against crime and terrorism: cooperate adequately, should exchange information with other EU countries; preference of a case by case or of a general information exchange of police and other law enforcement authorities in the own country with the authorities of other EU countries; devices used to access the internet; frequency of the following online activities: banking, buy goods or services, sell goods or services, use social networks, email, read news, play games, watch TV; attitudes towards online banking and online shopping: preference for conducting transactions in person, concerns with regard to the security of online payments, concerns with regard to the misuse of personal data, concerns with regard to not receiving bought goods or services; measures taken in the own household to protect children under 16 years from online harassment; self-rated knowledge about the risks of cybercrime; concern about becoming a victim of each of the following types of cyber criminal activities: identity theft, receiving emails or phone calls asking for personal data, online fraud, encountering child pornography, encountering material promoting racial hatred or religious extremism, denial of access to online services, personal social media or email account being hacked, bank card or online banking fraud, being asked for a payment in return for getting back control over personal device, malicious software on personal device; frequency of having experienced the aforementioned situations; authorities to contact in each of the aforementioned situations: police, website or vendor, internet service provider, consumer protection organisation; attitude towards selected statements: concern about online personal information not being kept secure by websites, concern about online personal information not being kept secure by public authorities, avoidance of disclosing personal information online, increase of the risk of becoming a victim of cybercrime, appropriate ability of the respondent to protect himself / herself; change of password of the following online services during the last twelve months: email account, social networks, shopping websites, banking websites, games, public services websites. 3. Gender equality: attitude towards the following statements on gender stereotypes: it is acceptable for men to cry, women are more likely to make decisions based on emotions, most important role of a man is to earn money, most important role of a woman is to care for home and family; assessment of the state of gender equality in the own country in the following areas: work, leadership positions in companies and other organisations, politics; attitude towards the importance of promoting gender equality in selected fields: companies and economy, fair and democratic society, personal life; assessment regarding the share of housework and caring activities done by men and women in the own country; approval of selected activities of men: take parental leave, reproach friends for making sexist jokes, identify themselves as feminists; assessment of the way women are presented in media and advertising in the own country; attitude towards the following statements: women are less interested in positions of responsibility in politics, men are more ambitious, women have less freedom due to family responsibilities, politics is dominated by men who do not have sufficient confidence in women, women do not have necessary qualities to fill positions of responsibility in politics; assessment of the current number of women in political decision-making positions in the own country as appropriate; attitude towards the ability of a female political representative to represent respondent’s interests; attitude towards the ability of a male political representative to represent respondent’s interests; approval of legal measures to ensure parity between men and women in politics; assessment of equal pay in the own country’s economy; acceptability of unequal pay in the same job; guarantee of equal pay in the own country by existing law; attitude towards the idea of negotiating own salary; experience with negotiating own salary; awareness of the salary of immediate colleagues; assessment of equal pay in the own company; awareness for equal pay in the own company; attitude towards the publication of the average wages per job type and sex in the own company; assumed personal reaction with regard to a gender pay gap in the own company: talk with colleagues, talk with boss, contact trade unions, ask for pay rise, contact equality body, quit, seek legal assistance, no reaction, other. Demography: nationality; internet use (at home, at work, at school); left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age; age at end of education; type of community; household composition and household size; financial difficulties during the last year; self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership; EU image. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
    Czech Republic
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-22
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-23
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-22
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-22
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-25
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
  • 2017-06-13 / 2017-06-26
    United Kingdom
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Probability: Multistage; Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 28093
    Number of Variables: 476
Question module QA ‘Designing Europe’s future’ is currently under embargo. Question module QB on ‘Europeans´ attitudes towards security’ partly replicates questions asked in the context of the corresponding module surveyed in the framework of Special Eurobarometers 83.2 [ZA5965], 82.2 [ZA5931], 79.4 [ZA5852], 76.4 [ZA5596], and 75.4 [ZA5564]. Question module QC on ‘Gender Equality’ carries on the topic in the context of Special Eurobarometers 82.4 [ZA5933] and 72.2 [ZA4976] but introduces many new questions. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), and p10 (interviewer number) have not been made available.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6924 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 464b. Europeans´ attitudes towards security. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and analysis’ Unit). Brussels, December 2017.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 464a. Europeans´ attitudes towards cyber security. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and analysis’ Unit). Brussels, September 2017.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 465. Gender Equality 2017. Conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring and analysis’ Unit). Brussels, November 2017.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 20 | Registration Date: 2019-01-18

European Commission, Brussels (2019): Eurobarometer 87.4 (2017). Perception of Security, and Gender Equality. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Data Archive. Dataset.