Eurobarometer 90.1 (2018)

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • European Commission and European Parliament, Brussels
Other Title
  • Parlemeter 2018, Democracy and elections and Antimicrobial resistance (Subtitle)
Publication Date
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media monitoring, media analysis and Eurobarometer’ (Researcher)
  • European Parliament, Directorate-General for Communication, Public Opinion Monitoring Unit (Researcher)
  • Kantar Belgium (Kantar TNS), Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • Kantar GALLUP, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Hoffmann, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO International, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Info Research Austria Institut für Markt-und Meinungsforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei (CSOP), Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Mediana DOOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • Kantar UK Limited, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Medicine
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • General health
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study the following modules are included: 1. Parlemeter 2018, 2. Democracy and elections, 3. Antimicrobial resistance. Topics: 1. Parlemeter 2018: image of the European Parliament; desired importance of the role of the European Parliament; voting decision in an assumed referendum on the own country’s membership in the EU; attitude towards the Brexit; assessment of the Brexit as a good thing for the EU; awareness of the date of the next European Parliament elections in the own country; interest in the next European elections; intention to vote in the next European Parliament elections; preferred issues to be emphasized in the electoral campaign for the next European Parliament elections; importance to vote in European and in national elections; attitude towards a European economic and monetary union with one single currency; priority issues of European legislation; prioritized values to be defended by the European Parliament; assessment of the own country’s membership in the EU as a good thing; benefits from the EU membership and reasons for benefit; preferred fields of EU action to protect citizens from selected threats. 2. Democracy and elections: preference to vote in the European Parliament elections in: country of residence, country of origin; importance to retain the right to vote in national elections in country of origin; preferred way of voting: in embassy of country of origin, online, by post; attitude towards selected statements on the rights of citizens from other EU countries elected in municipal elections: should have the same rights as other elected candidates to hold executive positons, should have the same rights as other elected candidates to hold executive positons except for being mayor, should only be allowed to exercise limited duties; assumed impact of candidates from other EU countries on the turnout of national elections in the own country; preconditions to increase the intention to vote in the next European Parliament elections: more information on the EU and its impact on daily life, more women candidates, more young candidates, more candidates from other under-represented groups, more candidates from other EU countries, other, respondent will vote anyway, voting is compulsory in the own country; concern about the following issues with regard to voting electronically, online, or by post: difficulties for selected groups of people, potential for fraud or cyberattack, secrecy of ballot, influence of voters by third parties; satisfaction with selected issues of democracy in the European Union: free and fair elections, freedom of speech, media diversity, possibility to participate in political life, rule of law, respect for fundamental rights, opportunities for the civil society to participate in promoting and protecting democracy, political parties taking into account citizens’ interests, fight against disinformation in the media, fight against corruption; assessment of the own country’s activities to prevent illegal and fraudulent activities during elections as sufficient; concern about each of the following events in the context of elections in the EU: people voting without entitlement, manipulated election results, bought or sold votes, manipulation through cyberattacks, coercion of people to vote in a particular way, covert influence by foreign actors or criminal groups, people voting twice; participation in political discussions on online social networks during election periods; reasons for not participating; concern about the use of internet or online social networks during pre-election periods with regard to the following issues: use of personal data to target political messages, disinformation, censorship of political debates; attitude towards the adoption of rules valid for traditional media during pre-election periods also for online media; attitude towards selected measures to be used in the internet or in online social networks during pre-election periods: transparency about the amount of money they receive from or provide to political parties or campaign groups, visible distinction between advertisements and paid online content, equal opportunities for all political parties to access online services, right of reply for political parties, publication of campaign-related opinion polls only if accompanied by sufficient technical information, introduction of a silence period; importance of the role of civil society. 3. Antimicrobial resistance: use of oral antibiotics in the last twelve months; source of last course of antibiotics used: medical prescription, medical practitioner, some left from a previous course, without prescription from a pharmacy, without prescription from elsewhere; reasons for taking last course of antibiotics: pneumonia, bronchitis, rhinopharyngitis, flu, cold, sore throat, cough, fever, headache, diarrhea, urinary tract infection, skin or wound infection; diagnostic test before prescription; knowledge test on antibiotics: kill viruses, effective against cold or flu, unnecessary use makes them become ineffective, frequency of side-effects; knowledge of the time when to stop a course of treatment; information about not taking antibiotics unnecessarily in the last twelve months; source of the information; change of own point of view due to information; planned future use of antibiotics due to information; additional information desired on the following aspects of antibiotics: resistance, use, medical conditions for the use, prescription, links between the health of humans, animals, and the environment; preferred sources for trustworthy information on antibiotics; preferred level of action to tackle the resistance to antibiotics: individual or family, regional, national, European, global, all levels together; approval of farm animals being treated with antibiotics in case of this being the most appropriate treatment; awareness of the interdiction to use antibiotics in farm animals to stimulate growth within the EU. Demography: age; nationality; internet use (at home, at work, at school); left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; financial difficulties during the last year; self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society; life satisfaction; expected development of personal living conditions in the next five years; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; own country’s voice counts in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country and in the EU; opinion leadership; EU image; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; trust in political parties; importance of the inequality between different social classes in the own country; expected importance in five years. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2018-09-08 / 2018-09-26
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-26
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-08 / 2018-09-21
    Czech Republic
  • 2018-09-08 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-24
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-12 / 2018-09-25
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-13 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-08 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-08 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-21
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-24
  • 2018-09-12 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-11 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-08 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-23
  • 2018-09-10 / 2018-09-24
    United Kingdom
Geographic Coverage
  • Austria (AT)
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Spain (ES)
  • Finland (FI)
  • France (FR)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in any of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over.
Probability: Stratified; Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 27474
    Number of Variables: 542
Question module QA ‘Parlemeter 2018’ was implemented on behalf of and financed by the European Parliament. It partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 88.1 (ZA6925), Eurobarometer 86.1 (ZA6697) and Eurobarometer 84.1 (ZA6596). Question module QB on ‘Democracy and elections’ is newly introduced. Question module QC on ‘Antimicrobial Resistance’ partly replicates questions formerly asked in the framework of Eurobarometer 85.1 (ZA6693). No data are available for protocol items p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number) and p11.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7484 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
  • European Parliament: European Parliament Special Eurobarometer (EB 90.1): Parlemeter 2018. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of the European Parliament and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Brussels, October 2018.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 477. Democracy and elections. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring, media analysis and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, November 2018.
  • European Commission: Special Eurobarometer 478. Antimicrobial resistance. Conducted by Kantar Public at the request of Directorate-General for Health an Food Safety. Survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM ‘Media monitoring, media analysis and Eurobarometer’ Unit). Brussels, November 2018.

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 19 | Registration Date: 2019-02-22